1 VALE EVACUATES 200 PEOPLE FROM TOWN NEAR ITS MAR AZUL MINE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      2 TOOTH PLAQUE SHOWS DRINKING MILK GOES BACK 3,000 YEARS IN MONGOLIA WWW.SCIENCENEWS.ORG  PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      3 INCREASING NUMBER OF CHINA-EUROPE FREIGHT TRAINS SUPPORTS MONGOLIA'S ECONOMY: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      4 TAX REVENUE INCREASES BY 33.7 PERCENT WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      5 COPPER MINER'S $10B BET COMES TO LIFE IN PANAMA JUNGLE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      6 TRADE UNIONS REQUEST PM TO FOCUS ON INTEREST RATE CUT WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      7 MONGOLIA’S HOURLY WAGE TO REACH USD 1 WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      8 US NARCOTICS BY POST TO MONGOLIA! THREE ARRESTED WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      9 WRITER D.URIANKHAI NOMINATED FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      10 MONGOLIA-CHINA-RUSSIA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR BENEFITS ALL SIDES: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      “ОЮУ ТОЛГОЙ” КОМПАНИ 570 ТОННЫ ДААЦТАЙ CAT БРЭНДИЙН ГИДРАВЛИК ЭСКВАТОРООР ХҮЧЭЭ СЭЛБЭЛЭЭ WWW.GOGO.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ӨРХИЙН САРЫН ДУНДАЖ ОРЛОГО 78,000 ТӨГРӨГӨӨР ӨССӨН Ч ЗАРЛАГА ДАВСАН ХЭВЭЭР БАЙНА WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АВСТРАЛИЙН ЭЛЧИН САЙД ДЭВИД МЭТЬЮ ВОСЭН ИТГЭМЖЛЭХ ЖУУХ БИЧГЭЭ ӨРГӨН БАРИВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2018 ОНД МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ЭДИЙН ЗАСАГ 6.9 ХУВИАР ӨСЛӨӨ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МХБ: II/15-НЫ БАЙДЛААР 8 КОМПАНИ ХЭХ-ЫН ТОВОО ГАРГААД БАЙНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2017 ОНД 1.9 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АЛДАГДАЛТАЙ АЖИЛЛАСАН “УЛААНБААТАР БҮК” 2018 ОНД 566 САЯ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АШИГТАЙ АЖИЛЛАВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ОРХОН ТҮҮХИЙ НҮҮРСНЭЭС ТАТГАЛЗСАН АНХНЫ АЙМАГ БОЛНО WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АТГ-ААС НЭР БҮХИЙ 6 ШҮҮГЧИЙГ ШАЛГАЖ ЭХЭЛЖЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МОНГОЛ УЛС ДЭЛХИЙН 77 ОРОНД БАРАА ЭКСПОРТОЛСНООС ХЯТАДАД 93%-ИЙГ НЬ НИЙЛҮҮЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14     АВТО МАШИНЫ ИМПОРТ 2018 ОНД 30% ӨСӨЖ, 86,296-Д ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Shiveekhuren-Ceke railway to be commissioned in 2019 www.gogo.mn

During its regular session on August 1, the Cabinet instructed relevant ministers to take measures concerning the construction of the 13 kilometer Shiveekhuren-Ceke port railway to be completed by the end of 2019. It was decided that structural construction of the port railway will begin in the third quarter of 2018.

Officials hope that the railway will create new opportunities to export mining products from Nariinsukhait as port entry capacity will increase three-fold and transportation cost will decrease. Currently, coal trucks transport 10 million to 15 million tons of coal through the port annually. It is predicted that this number will rise to 25 million tons once the railway is opened.

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The Central Bank of Mongolia expects to purchase 20% more gold in 2018 www.market-intel.mn

Key event: The Central Bank of Mongolia reported its gold purchases have reached to 8.3 tonnes, up by 14% y-o-y basis, and is further expecting that this year annual purchases will be 20% higher than that of the previous year.

Implications: As set by amendments to the 2014 Mineral Law, the stipulation that gold miners must pay royalties of 2.5% for selling to the central bank will expire on 01 January 2019. Whether it is further extended or not, the gold miners may need to sell their gold before the expiration date in order not to expose themselves to a higher royalty.

Outlook: This year Mongolia’s international reserves and foreign exchange rates are expected to be boosted by the significant gold purchase of the central bank. This is largely thanks to the increased production by gold miners and daily gold purchase rates of the Central Bank which are set to be in line with that of the London Metal Exchange.

It was reported that the Central Bank has delivered their recommendations to the draft revision of the taxation law, proposed by the Ministry of Finance, which includes a recommendation to extend the effective period for the royalty payment of 2.5% for the gold miners who sold their gold to the Central Bank or authorized commercial banks. The expiration date for the current rate is 01 January 2019 and this became effective on 24 January 2014 as per the amendments to the Mineral Law.

Due to the prolonged exchange rate volatility and the prevalence of gold smuggling in Mongolia, the government and the regulators have been subject to fierce criticism and political pressure for a number of years by the business community and the general public.

However, since the amendments to the Mineral Law in 2014, the gold purchase by the Central Bank continuously increased year by year which supported Mongolia’s international reserves and maintained foreign exchange rates until today.

Lately, the Central Bank has been taking various measures to increase gold purchases. Those measures include providing working capital to the gold miners through the “Gold-2” program, buying gold from local producers at the international rate, and running public campaigns such as “From local gold to the National Treasury” to educate stakeholders regarding the importance of selling gold to the central bank.

Additionally, it was reported that the Central Bank is aiming to set up approved gold verifying and buying centers (“Refineries”) locally which would be scattered around the country as branch offices of the Central Bank. It is understood that once those local refineries are established, the local miners will not need to come to Ulaanbaatar to refine and sell their gold. This would save a lot of time and money for the local gold miners and boost the Bank’s gold purchases.

Beyond this, the Mongolian Gold Producers Association is of the opinion that the government should revise its two-tier corporate taxation system if the country of USD 11 billion economy is to support its gold production and boost its international reserves. Currently, Mongolia has a corporate tax rate of 10% for business entities if their taxable income falls below MNT 3 billion, the marginal rate increases to 25% beyond this threshold. The Mongolian gold mining industry believes that the threshold is too low. As it is barely the equivalent of selling 30 kg of gold, the miners are likely to be forced to sell their gold to the Central Bank through individual miners, known as “ninja miners”, in order to reduce their tax burden.

If these regulatory hurdles are not resolved in favor of the gold miners they may face tough legal and market circumstances next year. This could gravely damage Mongolia’s gold industry and international reputation, just as was done by the Windfall Profit Tax Law and, The Law on the Prohibition of Exploration and Mining in Headwaters of Rivers, Protected Water Basins Zones and Forested Areas, also known as “Long Named Law”, in 2006 and 2009 respectively.

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Armed Forces teams partaking in International Army Games www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The International Army Games which annually organized by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation kicked off on July 28 at Alabino military training ground in the Moscow region.

The Mongolian Armed Forces sent its teams to taking part in the contests of ‘Tank Biathlon’, ‘Field Kitchen’ as well as ‘Sniper’s Frontier’. Some 5000 athletes from 33 countries are participating in 28 events of the competition being held in Russia and six other countries including Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Kazakhstan.

The first team of Mongolian armed forces started their competition in events of ‘Tank Biathlon’ and ‘Field Kitchen’ on July 30. The tank team led by first lieutenant R.Ariunbold competing with teams of Venezuela, Laos and Angola completely destroyed its targets in 25 minutes and 10 seconds and led the start.

Currently, Mongolian tankers are at the 8th place and the second team will compete on August 3 with the teams of Venezuela and Laos as well.

B.Batchimeg

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Baby from Mongolia to get life-saving surgery in Denver www.kdvr.com

DENVER -- This week a 10-month-old baby girl from Mongolia will get life-saving, open-heart surgery at Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children. It’s a surgery that is not available in her home country.

Samaritan’s Purse, an international relief organization, paid for the transportation.

Now Sarana, her mother and an interpreter are staying with a host family in Colorado and meeting with doctors.

Speaking through an interpreter, the mother, Narangarav Munkhtuya, says that Sarana has a difficult time breathing. “She sweats a lot and cries,” she says.

Dr. Steve Leonard, a pediatric cardiac surgeon, says Sarana has a heart defect.

There’s a hole in her heart that results in excessive blood flow to the lungs and creates congestive heart failure. But at this age, surgery can correct the problem. “It will completely take care of her cardiac issue, and she will go home and live a normal life,” Dr. Leonard said.

The care, which will cost more than $100,000, is pro bono.

It’s an emotional time for the family. The mother says she is grateful, and full of hope.

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Alibaba, Starbucks team up for strategic partnership www.chinadaily.com.cn

China's e-commerce behemoth Alibaba Group Holding Ltd and global coffee giant Starbucks announced on Thursday a deep, strategic new retail partnership to transform the country's coffee industry.

The relationship, which goes far beyond previous media reports of Starbucks coffee delivery, involves collaboration across key businesses within the Alibaba ecosystem, including Ele.me, Hema, Tmall, Taobao and Alipay, according to Alibaba's press release.

Pilot coffee delivery services will be launched in mid-September in 300 stores in Beijing and Shanghai via Alibaba's online food delivery arm Ele.me and are expected to expand to more than 2,000 Starbucks stores across 30 cities by the end of this year.

In addition, Alibaba's fresh food chain Hema Supermarkets will pilot the first brand delivery kitchen for Starbucks in selected stores in Shanghai and Hangzhou as soon as September 2018.

"This partnership is a testament to the success of our new retail strategy," said Zhang Yong, CEO of Alibaba Group

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Date of Irregular Session of Parliament not set www.zgm.mn

Head of Parliament Secretariat Tsolmon Tsedev informed that the Speaker expressed his support for summoning the Irregular Session during a meeting on July 30. A number of MPs confirmed to ZGM on Tuesday that the Secretariat contacted them to check their availability. It revealed that many of the MPs are on local and international assignments, therefore unable to participate in the irregular session, if summoned. According to the Law on Parliament, more than half of the members need to be available for the Parliament to convene. Currently, there are 75 members in the Parliament after Gantulga Dugar resigned. This makes the number of members that need to be available 38. Considering that 26 MPs signed a petition to summon the Irregular Session of Parliament, the Parliament’s Secretariat need only a dozen more members to summon the session.

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Government convenes first time in 2 weeks to discuss flood relief actions www.zgm.mn

Government of Mongolia decided on Wednesday to release funds needed for restoring Ulgii soum, the center of Bayan-Ulgii province. 2500 people of 530 families have been hit by the flood. Three people have been injured, 287 houses have been destroyed and numerous houses, fences and gers have been drowned in water. Currently, the total toll is estimated at MNT 15.6 billion, and MNT 540 million is required to take necessary preliminary actions to help restore the soum. Government decided to provide MNT 468 million of the necessary funding from the Government’s Reserve Fund, and the remaining from the province and the soum’s reserve fund. Civil and international organizations, private entities and NGOs had also taken actions to help residents of Bayan-Ulgii province, the area heaviest hit by flood within the country. World Vision Mongolia, Mongolian Red Cross Assiciation, ADRA and Caritas collectively donated approximately USD 115,000 worth of products to help. The continued heavy rains all over the country has been a major hit to Mongolia’s infrastructure. A total of 116 km road in Arkhangai, Bayan-Ulgii, Bulgan, Gobi-Altai, Dornogobi, Zavkhan, Uvurkhangai, Sukhbaatar, Selenge, Tuv, Uvs, Khovd and Khuvsgul provinces was damaged. The Government decided to release MNT 1.3 billion funding for restoring the roads from the Government’s Reserve Fund.

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Canada helps Russia build railroad to bypass Ukraine www.rt.com

Canada's aerospace and transportation giant Bombardier was one the contractors building a Russian railroad link that bypasses the war-torn territories of Ukraine, reports Globe and Mail.
The railroad stretch links the Voronezh and Rostov regions near the Ukrainian border and bypasses Ukraine’s Lugansk region. The construction of the rail link between the towns of Zhuravka and Millerovo began in 2014, after the deterioration of relations between Russia and Ukraine, and was completed last year. The railroad that was used before has 26 kilometers which pass through the war-torn Lugansk region in Ukraine. The new stretch is 137 kilometers.

Bombardier, which is heavily reliant on Canadian taxpayers’ money and the government projects, has confirmed it was among the contractors involved in the Russian project. The company had won an $8-million contract to install its rail-control systems along the route.

“This project is located 100 per cent inside the… borders of Russia, away from the Ukrainian border, meant to avoid passing through a conflict zone and to ensure a safe transportation of goods and passengers between the Voronezh and Rostov regions of Russia,” Bombardier spokesman Olivier Marcil told Globe and Mail.

The construction was criticized by the lobby group Ukrainian Canadian Congress (UCC). Canada is home for a large number of Ukrainian immigrants, making them the country's eleventh largest ethnic group and giving Canada the world's third-largest Ukrainian population after Ukraine itself and Russia.

“The railway line has evident military implications – in moving Russian supplies and personnel – as Russia continues to wage a war of aggression against Ukraine,” Paul Grod, the head of UCC told the media.

Canada was one of the largest backers of Ukraine after its relations deteriorated with Russia. It has also joined Western-bloc sanctions against Russia over the conflict. The country has loaned Kiev more than $140 million since 2014

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Mongolia to support startups to diversify economy www.xinhuaner.com

ULAN BATOR, Aug.1 (Xinhua) -- Mongolia will support innovative startups with tax-exemption policies to diversify its mining-dependent economy, Minister of Education, Culture, Science and Sport Tsedenbal Tsogzolmaa said Wednesday.

Startups will be exempt from value-added tax and import tariffs on their high-end equipment, she said at a press conference after a government meeting.

"Mongolia's economy is on track to stabilize," the minister said. "So it is important to implement a multi-pillar development policy based on science, technology and innovation to ... stabilize and diversify the economy (more)."

The mining industry contributes to about a quarter of the country's GDP and more than 90 percent of its exports.

Mongolia's non-mining economy was particularly weakened between 2014 and 2016 by falling investment and declining private consumption, according to the World Bank.

Editor: xuxin

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China and Japan’s Investment Competition in Mongolia www.thediplomat.com

China and Japan are two of the most financially influential countries in Mongolia’s proximity. Both have a long history of trade and investment in the latter. Mongolia calls Japan its “Third Neighbor,” which is a term first used in 1990 by then-U.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker who referred to the United States as Mongolia’s “Third Neighbor.” Mongolia then adopted the “Third Neighbor” policy aim at broadening its foreign relations outside of China and Russia to other countries like Japan, the United States and European countries. Japan has traded with Mongolia since the 13th century through the Steppe Road and is currently Mongolia’s third largest source of imports. Since Mongolia became a democratic country in 1990, Japan has consistently provided aid and assistance for its transition to a market economy.

China is one of Mongolia’s closest partners and has traditionally been its biggest trader and investor. By July 2017, China directly invested $4.1 billion in the country which accounted for 30 percent of Mongolia’s foreign investment. However, as China asserts more economic influence in Mongolia via the Belt and Road Initiative, the Tokyo-Beijing relationship has become increasingly complicated. With China’s rise, Japan has felt the urgency to balance and compete with China in the region. Is the development competition between China and Japan beneficial or detrimental to Mongolia? And how can Mongolia maintain and expand its interests within this complicated relationship?

China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor

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Since China began its comprehensive strategic partnership with Mongolia four years ago, their partnership expanded their economic cooperation, prioritizing natural resources and infrastructure. They also pledged to strengthen security cooperation through increased political communication. In 2014, President Xi Jinping first initiated the China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor (CMREC) as part of the Belt and Road Initiative, furthering its goal to develop infrastructure and industrial projects to establish free trade and economic cooperation zones in cross-border cities. Some of the more well-known projects include the China-Mongolia Cross-border Economic Cooperation Zone from Erenhot to Zamiin Uud, and the Northern Railway Corridor which extends the national rail network to connect Mongolia with Russia and China.

By contrast, Japan started its development projects in Mongolia in the late 90s and early 2000s. In 2003, Mongolia joined the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program implemented by Asian Development Bank (ADB) in which Japan is one of the two largest voting powers with 15.6 percent. So far there are 301 ADB projects in Mongolia. Just one year after China announced CMREC, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe signed Japan’s first economic partnership agreement (EPA) with Mongolia in 2015. He pledged to reduce tariffs and provide an additional $330 million in loans of 0.1 percent annual interest rate for the construction of a new international airport in the nation’s capital city Ulaanbaatar. Potentially inspired by the CAREC, China’s CMREC intends to compete with it while targeting specifically development in Mongolia instead of all Central Asian countries.

Sino-Japan Competition Open Doors

While China and Japan are funding different projects through their respective frameworks, the results of their projects have the potential to complement each other. For example, while Japan provided $500 million in soft loans to construct a new airport in Ulaanbaatar, the Export–Import Bank of China funded $140 million in soft loans to build a highway connecting the airport to the city. These two projects are inseparable — while an airport without a road leading to it is useless, a road leading to nothing is futile. Together they improve the effectiveness of the country’s infrastructure.

Their competition also provides more options for Mongolia. In 2016, Mongolia invited the Dalai Lama to give lectures on Buddhist teachings to the people. At the time the country was going through a debt crisis and sought a large loan from China, the only country willing to lend money with low interest rates. In order to solicit the loan, Mongolia, a country with ancient ties to Tibetan Buddhism, apologized to China and pledged not to invite Dalai Lama again. This incident demonstrated Mongolia’s dependence on China to the extent that it was willing to forsake faith in search of financial assistance.

Japan can provide this diversity of partnership to alleviate this pressure. While Mongolia and China’s relations were strained by the incident with the Dalai Lama, Japan was able to utilize its resources in financial platforms to help create an international aid framework providing Mongolia approximately $5.65 billion. This framework is backed by the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, Japan, South Korea and China to relieve the financial challenges faced by Mongolia. During a time of political tension, diversification of loan sources helped Mongolia.

China and Japan’s Complementary Investments

It is interesting to note the difference between China and Japan’s investment strategy. While China’s investment in Mongolia is done mostly in direct lending between the two countries or through several new Chinese-led multilateral frameworks such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in which China has 26.6 percent of voting power, Japan contributes through multilateral organizations that have established longer reputation with more experiences such as the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

Each has their own strengths and weaknesses. China’s accumulated experiences in financing and building infrastructure projects and its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative will enable Mongolia to be more connected with Europe and rest of Asia through roads and access to the sea via ports. However, some Chinese investment lacks international oversight and comes with political strings like in the case of the Dalai Lama incident. Meanwhile, Chinese investment in large infrastructure projects drove Mongolia’s capital expenditure surge in 2013, thus contributed to an abrupt rise of debt-to-GDP ratio from 2015 to 2016.

Japanese funding comes from more transparent sources that can help diversify the risks for the borrowing country, in turn providing global knowledge transfer and technical assistance to promote sustainable development. The downfall is that it has a higher threshold for Mongolia whose credit rating is low and whose public debt reached almost 100 percent of GDP last year.

For Mongolia, this is an opportune time to work through China, Japan, other “Third Neighbor” countries such as South Korea and Canada, and international financial institutions to diversify away from raw materials, being selective about the projects that can provide long-term sustainable benefits such as investing in human capital and technology advancement. In this trilateral relationship, each country has something to offer and Mongolia needs to establish its own development strategy based on its national interests in order to prevent itself from being caught between its two stronger neighbors.

Yiyi Chen is a master’s candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. She studies international law, East Asia foreign affairs, and development economics.

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