1 VALE EVACUATES 200 PEOPLE FROM TOWN NEAR ITS MAR AZUL MINE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      2 TOOTH PLAQUE SHOWS DRINKING MILK GOES BACK 3,000 YEARS IN MONGOLIA WWW.SCIENCENEWS.ORG  PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      3 INCREASING NUMBER OF CHINA-EUROPE FREIGHT TRAINS SUPPORTS MONGOLIA'S ECONOMY: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      4 TAX REVENUE INCREASES BY 33.7 PERCENT WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/17      5 COPPER MINER'S $10B BET COMES TO LIFE IN PANAMA JUNGLE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      6 TRADE UNIONS REQUEST PM TO FOCUS ON INTEREST RATE CUT WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      7 MONGOLIA’S HOURLY WAGE TO REACH USD 1 WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      8 US NARCOTICS BY POST TO MONGOLIA! THREE ARRESTED WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      9 WRITER D.URIANKHAI NOMINATED FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      10 MONGOLIA-CHINA-RUSSIA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR BENEFITS ALL SIDES: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      “ОЮУ ТОЛГОЙ” КОМПАНИ 570 ТОННЫ ДААЦТАЙ CAT БРЭНДИЙН ГИДРАВЛИК ЭСКВАТОРООР ХҮЧЭЭ СЭЛБЭЛЭЭ WWW.GOGO.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ӨРХИЙН САРЫН ДУНДАЖ ОРЛОГО 78,000 ТӨГРӨГӨӨР ӨССӨН Ч ЗАРЛАГА ДАВСАН ХЭВЭЭР БАЙНА WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АВСТРАЛИЙН ЭЛЧИН САЙД ДЭВИД МЭТЬЮ ВОСЭН ИТГЭМЖЛЭХ ЖУУХ БИЧГЭЭ ӨРГӨН БАРИВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2018 ОНД МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ЭДИЙН ЗАСАГ 6.9 ХУВИАР ӨСЛӨӨ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МХБ: II/15-НЫ БАЙДЛААР 8 КОМПАНИ ХЭХ-ЫН ТОВОО ГАРГААД БАЙНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2017 ОНД 1.9 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АЛДАГДАЛТАЙ АЖИЛЛАСАН “УЛААНБААТАР БҮК” 2018 ОНД 566 САЯ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АШИГТАЙ АЖИЛЛАВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ОРХОН ТҮҮХИЙ НҮҮРСНЭЭС ТАТГАЛЗСАН АНХНЫ АЙМАГ БОЛНО WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АТГ-ААС НЭР БҮХИЙ 6 ШҮҮГЧИЙГ ШАЛГАЖ ЭХЭЛЖЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МОНГОЛ УЛС ДЭЛХИЙН 77 ОРОНД БАРАА ЭКСПОРТОЛСНООС ХЯТАДАД 93%-ИЙГ НЬ НИЙЛҮҮЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14     АВТО МАШИНЫ ИМПОРТ 2018 ОНД 30% ӨСӨЖ, 86,296-Д ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Region around Seoul choking in dust from China, Mongolia www.thestandard.com.hk

More fine dust warnings have been issued in South Korea's central region so far this year than for the same period in 2017 amid growing public concerns over air quality, provincial government data showed today.

South Korea has been struggling to deal with fine dust particles from both home and coming in from China, as well as yellow dust from Mongolia during the winter and spring seasons.

A total of 42 fine dust warnings and advisories have been issued for Gyeonggi province, which surrounds Seoul city, this year, according to official data.

The total breaks down to 17 PM10 advisories, two PM10 warnings and 23 PM2.5 advisories, Yonhap reports.

The total is up from 36 warnings and advisories issued for the same period last year.

PM10 is fine dust of 2.5 to 10 micrometers in diameter, while PM2.5 is 2.5 micrometers smaller in diameter and can only be seen with an electron microscope.

A fine dust warning is issued when the level reaches over 300 micrograms per cubic meter (?/?), while an advisory is put in place when the level is over 150 ?/?.

Fine dust -- particles smaller than 10 micrometers -- can cause respiratory ailments and undermine the body's immune system.

The levels of fine dust and the duration of the warnings and advisories also grew this year from a year earlier due apparently to the increasing amount of fine and yellow dust from China.

The average dust concentration level was 149 parts per million in 2018, up from 132.8 ppm last year, while the duration was 19.8 hours this year compared with 16.3 hours in 2017.

"We assume the fine dust from China stays longer on the Korean Peninsula due to the wind moving slowly," a Gyeonggi provincial government official said.

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Trade pact with China offers Mongolia chance to diversify, develop its economy www.globaltimes.cn

The Mongolian economy has been performing better than expected, and a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) with China may offer additional momentum for Mongolia's economic resurgence.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has called for initiating a feasibility study on a China-Mongolia FTA and speeding up the construction of a cross-border economic cooperation zone, the Xinhua News Agency reported Monday. The two countries have also agreed to link the Belt and Road (B&R) initiative with Mongolia's Prairie Road development initiative to benefit people on both sides.

In May 2017, the IMF gave its approval to a total financial package worth around $5.5 billion for Mongolia, which revived the indebted nation's economy.

Now that there are signs of an economic recovery, Mongolian authorities need to shift their focus from a bailout program to long-term sustainable policies to fire up economic growth, and that's where China comes in.

Mongolia signed an FTA with Japan in 2015 but the deal has yet to play a great role in Mongolia's economy because the value of bilateral trade is relatively low. But the situation will be different for the FTA with China.

According to Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce Qian Keming, China's trade with Mongolia reached $4.6 billion in 2016, accounting for 60 percent of Mongolia's total merchandise trade. If most of those goods can enjoy zero-tariff access to China's market, Mongolia's exports will gain momentum and shore up its economic growth.

Mongolia mainly exports natural resources, fur and raw materials to China, while it imports diesel fuel, machinery and equipment. In May 2016, China and Mongolia formally agreed on a comprehensive plan for an economic cooperation zone that straddles the border, which is intended to be an all-inclusive platform integrating international trade, logistics and e-commerce.

The composition of bilateral trade will be diversified if the two countries speed up the building of economic cooperation zones and focus more on areas such as energy, resource processing and equipment manufacturing.

Mongolia is sandwiched between China and Russia, and it is also an important transit country along the transcontinental railway connecting China with countries in Europe. The FTA and economic cooperation zones will help the landlocked nation convert its regional advantages into an export-oriented economy.

The China-Mongolia FTA is likely to be an engine of Mongolia's export growth. With the B&R initiative, China hopes to shore up free trade and let economies along the route share the dividends of China's economic growth.

The author is a reporter with the Global Times. bizopinion@globaltimes.com.cn

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Mongolia-Japan trade turnover up by 72.1 percent as result of FTA www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Mongolia has established its first Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) or Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Japan in February, 2015.

Over the two years since the agreement entered into force, trade turnover of the two countries reached USD 98.5 million, showing 72.1 percent growth compared to the period prior to the agreement's realization. In particular, trade turnover of the two countries reached USD 57.2 million in March, 2016, USD 77.6 million in March 2017 and USD 98.5 million in 2018.

Within the agreement, the two countries agreed that the Mongolian side would be exempt from customs duties of 7200 types of goods in 97 groups directly or by stages in 10-year period, while Japan would be exempt 9300 types of goods in 97 groups. A joint commission was set up to realize the agreement and also 13 sub-committees are working in scope of it.

Car, mining heavy trucks and its spare parts are making up the most part of Japanese goods under tariff concessions. As for Mongolia, it exported goods worth of USD 1.842 million to Japan in the first three months of 2018, showing 26.4 percent down compared to the same period of previous year.

B.Batchimeg

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Legislative delays expected to bring down Mongolia's credit rating www.gogo.mn

Moody’s has reported that the postponement of legislative reforms driven by Mongolia's enrollment in the International Monetary Fund's extended fund facility (EFF) program will negatively affect the nation's credit rating.

The IMF’s Board of Directors has praised the program’s implementation. According to Moody’s, the further delay or cancellation of structural economic changes will pose a risk to Mongolia in terms of receiving assistance from donor countries. As Mongolia faces remaining highly susceptible to periodic mining fluctuations, Moody’s analysts say that this process will eventually have a negative impact on the country’s credit rating.

Bills and amendments for the recapitalization of banks and the establishment of a budget council, which would work to tighten and administer state budget spending, have been delayed. Moody’s also noted that the pace of Mongolia's economic growth will be related to how Oyu Tolgoi and Tavan Tolgoi’s further development proceed.

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Copper supply crunch earlier than predicted — experts www.mining.com

Copper demand will surpass supply earlier than expected, with the first clear signs coming as early as next year, experts attending the 17th World’s Copper Conference being held this week in Santiago, Chile, said.

According to Arnaud Soirat, chef executive for copper and diamonds at Rio Tinto, increased consumption from new technologies, including electric vehicles, will drive demand for the metal and its by-products, he said.

“We anticipate global market supply and demand will keep close to balance in 2019 and 2020,” he said, noting that after that the deficit will become increasingly evident.

The outlook is widely shared by other experts, including CRU analyst Hamish Sampson. According to him, unless new investments arise, existing mine production will drop from 20 million tonnes to below 12 million tonnes by 2034, leading to a supply shortfall of more than 15 million tonnes.

Over 200 copper mines currently in operations will reach the end of their productive life before 2035.
The situation looks even worse when considering that over 200 copper mines currently in operations will reach the end of their productive life before 2035, Sampson said on Monday.

Only if every single copper project currently in development or being studied for feasibility is brought online before then, including most discoveries that have not yet reached the evaluation stage, the market could meet projected demand, the consultant said.

Colin Hamilton, managing director of commodities research at BMO Capital Markets, fully agrees with Sampson. He told MINING.com on Tuesday that even when there was an apparent rise in copper inventories on exchanges around the world, which somehow has dented confidence in the metal, the outlook is very positive.

“What we’ve seen is a shift from invisible to visible stockpiles,” Hamilton said, adding that Chinese inventories so far this year are at the lowest levels in recent times.

Delivery to exchanges, however, does weigh on prices because of data-driven investors, which adds to the facts that shareholders are still somewhat opposed to companies investing in new projects and exploration. “They just want returns,” Hamilton said.

He believes the expected copper supply crunch will become “much more real” in 2019, due to the lack of mega-projects coming on stream before the mid-2020s and as global production will peak by the second half of next year.

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WTO discusses Mongolia-Japan economic partnership agreement www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Member States of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have discussed Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) established between Mongolia and Japan.

Mongolian delegates to the discussion was headed by L.Purevsuren, Ambassador of Mongolia to the Swiss Confederation and Permanent Representative of Mongolia to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva. Establishing the first Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Japan is new for Mongolian trade policy and it is bringing marked changes. Purpose of the agreement is to increase trade and investment between the two countries, exchange technologies, diversify export and strengthen business relations, emphasized Ambassador, Permanent Representative L.Purevsuren in his speech, also informing that it will pay attention to implement the agreement mutually beneficial in future.

During the discussion, delegations from Mexico, the European Union, the United States, Taiwan and Canada expressed their views on the agreement. The EU and U.S part appreciated the reflection of online trade in the agreement considering it contributive to move forward issues in Multilateral Trade Agreements in the future. Moreover, they requested information on actions to improve business environment.

Negotiations on establishing the EPA commenced in June, 2012 and it came into effect on June 7, 2016, as signing the agreement on February, 2015.

 

B.Batchimeg

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Foreign trade turnover increased 25 percent www.gogo.mn

A result of foreign trade for the first 3 months 2018 has been based on 87946 export, and 43548 import customs declarations and other non customs resources of information. 1540 export and 724 import declarations belong to the goods crossed through seasonal ports.

A result of total turnover of foreign trade for the first 3 months 2018 amounted 2612.9 mln.USD which increased in 536.7 mln.USD or 25.9 percent against the same period of the last year. Export exceeded import in 351.9 mln.USD and foreign trade balance became positive.

The volume of export is 1482.4 mln.USD which means increase by 14.0 percent if compared with the same period of the last year.

99 percent of exported goods comes to transactions paid in hard currency.

In total export minerals amounted 1252.5 mln.USD or 84.5%; natutal or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones amounted 124.5 mln.USD or 8.4%; export of raw hides and skins, leather, furskins and articles thereof equaled to 6.3 mln.USD or 0.4%, textiles and textile articles 26.7 mln.USD or 1.8% and in total 93.1% of export came to these goods.

Сrude oil, iron ores and concentrates, copper concentrate and zinc ores and concentrates were exported to China (100.0%), coal were exported to China (96.6%). Flouspar concentrates were exported to China (49.7%), the Russian Federation (50.3%); leather of bovine or equine animals were exported to China; (76.8%) of combed cashmere to China; most of exported raw hides and skins, washed cashmere comes to China, and gold were exported to United Kingdom (100.0%) and 91.3 percent of total export belong to these goods.

Mongolia has exported goods to 48 foreign countries including China (86.7%), United Kingdom (8.9%), the Russian Federation (1.2%) and 96.8% of whole export comes to these countries.

Goods and raw materials with value of 1130.5 mln.USD were imported and the volume of total import increased by 354.5 mln.USD or 45.6% in comparison with the same period of 2017.

Imported goods consist of transactions paid in hard currency (94.1%), goods supplied by foreign loan (0.9%), goods imported as foreign aid (0.4%), goods imported as foreign investment (3.8%), processed goods (0.7%).

In total import machinery, mechanic equipment and parts thereof, electric appliances, parts thereof amounted with value of 251.3 mln.USD (22.2%), minerals-278.8 mln.USD (24.7%) and among them oil products were 231.0 mln.USD (82.8%), products of animal or vegetable origin and foodstuff 155.0 mln.USD (13.7%), vehicles and aircraft, parts thereof-154.6 mln.USD (13.7%), plastics and rubber and articles thereof 41.7 mln.USD (3.7%), base metals and products thereof – 87.9 mln.USD (7.8%), chemical products – 69.5 mln.USD (6.2%) and 92.0% of the total import comes to these goods and products.

Goods with value of 4972.0 thous.USD have been imported as foreign aid from international financial and economic organizations and donor-countries. If we take into consideration the countries of origin Switzerland (41.3%), China (10.8%), Republic of Korea (16.8%), Japan (8.8%).

The goods, donated from donor countries, came from the Switzerland (32.9%), China (9.0%), Japan (14.1%), Republic of Korea (12.8%) and the USA (11.1%).

Goods worth 9870.8 thous.USD were imported as foreign loan by the international financial and economic organizations and donor-countries and these goods were originating from different countries such as Japan (42.8%), China (42.0%). (Appendix 10).

Total loan goods were imported as government loans. If we take into consideration the lenders, loan lent from Japan (54.2%) and from China (37.3%).

In total goods with value of 42.5 mln.USD were imported to the charter fund of joint ventures and companies with foreign investment and these goods were originating from different countries such as China (54.9%) and the Russian Federation (42.6%) (Appendix 12).

Mongolia has imported goods originating from 112 different countries including the Russian Federation (32.0%), China (31.6%), the USA (3.9%), Japan (8.7%), Republic of Korea (4.1%) and Federal Republic of Germany (2.9%) and goods from these countries are equal to 83.2% of total import.

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IMF expects three structural benchmarks to be approved in Spring session www.ubinfo.mn

As a part of USD 5.5 billion multi-donor financing package of Extended Fund Facility (EFF) program, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has completed the third review and enabled Mongolia to draw about USD 30.55 million, bringing total disbursements under the arrangement to about USD 152.79 million. Earlier this week, the IMF staff team disclosed the report for the third review under the EFF.

The team foresees that growth is expected to remain strong in 2018 but, amid still high public debt, several risks remain including changes in global commodity demand and bottlenecks at the border. The report highlights that all end-December quantitative performance criteria were met, generally by large margins. “Of the 10 structural benchmarks for the review, five were met, three (tax administration legislation and a recapitalization law) will likely be passed in the Spring parliamentary session and two are unlikely to be implemented. In addition, the authorities reversed three fiscal measures considered during previous reviews,” assessed the IMF staff team on the program implementation.

Heenam Choi, Executive Director for Mongolia, remarked “The EFF program, official sector support and a favorable external environment wahave supported a strong economic recovery in Mongolia. The authorities undertook extensive economic reforms that have strengthened macroeconomic fundamentals. As a result, the fiscal deficit and public debt are decreasing at a much faster pace than projected at the time the EFF was approved. Inflation is within the target range; the exchange rate has stabilized and foreign reserves have continued to rise.

The authorities’ commitment to the program objectives, fiscal discipline and prudent monetary policy have played a key role in the economic revival of the country.” He underlined that quantitative targets for the end of 2017 were exceeded by considerable margins. “Most structural benchmarks were either met or, in the case of the revised taxation laws and bank recapitalization law, will be implemented with a short delay. Some policy measures were revised after widespread public objection. The authorities are aware that there is no room for complacency. They are committed to pursuing a tight fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy, together with implementation of reforms under the program to strengthen macroeconomic stability, build buffers and promote inclusive growth,” concluded Mr Heenom Choi.

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Canadian miner A-OK despite U.S. sanctions against Russian companies www.mining.com

Canadian miner Kinross Gold (TSX:G) (NYSE:KGC) issued a press release today stating that its mining operations in Russia continue to function according to plan and remain unaffected by the new sanctions announced by the United States on April 6, 2018.

Last Friday, the U.S. Treasury Department imposed sanctions on seven Russian oligarchs including metal magnate Oleg Deripaska, as well as 12 companies they own or control. Seventeen senior Russian government officials were also blacklisted. According to the Trump administration, all of them have been profiting from the Kremlin's “malign activities” around the world.

Deripaska, estimated by Forbes magazine to have a net worth of $6.7 billion, is the main owner of the conglomerate EN+, which in turn is the co-owner of some of the world’s biggest metals producers, Nornickel and Rusal, the latter being responsible for producing around 6 per cent of the world’s aluminium.

Despite analysts predicting that, given how wide his reach is, sanctions against Deripaska may cause a turmoil in the mining world, particularly for local and foreign firms operating in Russia, Kinross made an effort today to stand clear from such possibility. “Kinross has successfully operated in Russia for over 20 years and has proactively developed and diversified its procurement and logistics structures in the country. The Company continues to focus on responsibly operating its two mines and providing value to employees, host communities and shareholders,” the miner’s statement reads.

The Toronto-based company owns the Kupol high-grade underground mine, located in the far-eastern region of Chukotka and whose gold equivalent production reached 580,451 oz. in 2017; and the Dvoinoye mine, located approximately 100 kilometres north of our Kupol and whose gold equivalent production last year was of 580,451 oz. The two operations are responsible for almost 20 per cent of Kinross’ gold output.

“Kinross will continue to closely monitor sanction legislation in Canada, the U.S. and the European Union so that Kinross and its subsidiaries remain in compliance,” management added in today's communiqué.

Despite Kinross' statement, its shares fell today by 8.73%. "Basically, Kinross Gold shares were punished because it has mines in Russia, and Russia was an unpopular word in the market," trader Vladimir Zernov wrote on Seeking Alfa. "I don’t see any logic in such a move. If anything, gold and gold producers’ shares should be rising on increasing geopolitical tensions," he added.

 
 
 
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US-China trade: Xi warns against 'Cold War mentality' www.bbc.com

Chinese President Xi Jinping has warned against a "Cold War mentality" as he vowed to open up parts of the country's economy.

His speech at the Boao Forum for Asia - often referred to as Asia's Davos - appears to be an attempt to calm a trade row with the US.

He pledged to cut import tariffs on cars and relax requirements for foreign firms investing in China.

But there were few specifics on when the changes would happen.

Mr Xi made no specific references to the ongoing spat with the Washington which has seen both sides announce tit-for-tat plans to slap tariffs on imports.

But in a veiled swipe at US President Donald Trump's America First stance, Mr Xi called for openness.

"In today's world, the trend of peace and cooperation is moving forward and a Cold War mentality and zero-sum game thinking are outdated.

"Paying attention only to one's own community without thinking of others can only lead into a wall. And we can only achieve win-win results by insisting on peaceful development and working together."

President Trump, whose plan to hit hundreds of Chinese products with duties have stoked fears of a trade war, has yet to react.

Washington claims China has failed to fulfil earlier promises to open up the economy - including putting up barriers to international companies accessing markets and forcing investors to form joint ventures and hand over intellectual property.

China's President Xi Jinping likes to position himself as the champion of globalisation. He consistently does that when he's making speeches at international forums.

And what better time to do that than now, against the backdrop of the ongoing US-China trade row.

President Xi says a cold war and zero sum mentality are out of place and that dialogue is the way to resolve disputes.

What he most likely means by that of course - although he never specifically says it - is that US President Trump's recent rhetoric on trade and unfair practices by China aren't in keeping with the way reasonable adults should behave.

In contrast to the bluster and fiery barbs evident in President Trump's tweets, President Xi put forward the face of a new China, and announced steps to make China's economy more open.

Amongst the things he talked about included lowering import tariffs for vehicles, and improving transparency, and intellectual property rights protection.

He also said China genuinely doesn't want a trade surplus.

But while on the surface the promises sound grand, some of this is stuff we've heard before. So it's hard to see just how much more access China will give foreign firms in reality.

But will President Trump see President Xi's conciliatory speech as a sign that he's won some concessions for the US side? Wait for his next tweet!

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