1 ERDENES TAVAN TOLGOI REVENUE SURGES DUE TO HIGHER COAL PRICES WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      2 RUSSIA AND MONGOLIAN BORDER CROSSING NO. 487 WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      3 WORLD ECONOMICS REPORTS THAT MONGOLIA’S EMPLOYMENT RATE HITS A FIVE-YEAR HIGH WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      4 USD HITS RECORD HIGH IN MONGOLIA DUE TO HIGHER IMPORTS WWW.CHINA.ORG.CN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      5 READOUT OF VICE PRESIDENT MIKE PENCE’S MEETING WITH PRIME MINISTER UKHNAA KHURELSUKH OF MONGOLIA WWW.WHITEHOUSE.GOV PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      6 MONGOLIA LAUNCHES EU-FUNDED PROJECTS TO PROMOTE GREEN DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      7 COAL EXPORTS FROM TOP SHIPPER HOBBLED WITH MINERS FACING CONSTRAINTS WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      8 FRONTIER'S "INVEST MONGOLIA TOKYO 2018" WWW.MONGOLIANBUSINESSDATABASE.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/19      9 U.S.-CHINA TRADE TUSSLE IS CREATING WINNERS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA WWW.BLOOMBERG.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/19      10 YUSAKU MAEZAWA: THE JAPANESE BILLIONAIRE WHO WANTS TO FLY TO THE MOON WWW.BBC.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/19      ШЕНГЕНИЙ БОГИНО ХУГАЦААНЫ ВИЗИЙН МЭДҮҮЛГИЙГ УЛААНБААТАР ХОТОД АВНА WWW.MEDEE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     2018 ЭХНИЙ 7 САРД МОНГОЛЧУУД ГАДААД РУУ ЭМЧИЛГЭЭНД ЯВАХДАА 19.5 САЯ АМ.ДОЛЛАР ЗАРЦУУЛЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     ӨНӨӨДӨР ТӨВ ТАЛБАЙД 4000 АЖЛЫН БАЙРАНД БҮРТГЭНЭ WWW.DNN.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     ЗАЛУУЧУУДЫН ГАРААНЫ БИЗНЕСИЙН ШАЛГАРСАН ТӨСӨЛД 10,0 САЯ ТӨГРӨГИЙН ДЭМЖЛЭГ ҮЗҮҮЛЛЭЭ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     WORLD ECONOMICS: МОНГОЛЫН АЖИЛ ЭРХЛЭЛТИЙН ТҮВШИН СҮҮЛИЙН 5 ЖИЛИЙН ДЭЭД ТҮВШИНД ХҮРЛЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     ERD: "ХӨНДИЙ" АЛТНЫ ТӨСЛИЙН ТОГТООГДСОН НӨӨЦ 751 МЯНГАН УНЦ АЛТ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     ХЯТАДЫН $200 ТЭРБУМЫН ИМПОРТОД ТАРИФ ТОГТООВ WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     ШИВЭЭХҮРЭН БООМТООР ХОНОГТ 60-80 МЯНГАН ТОНН НҮҮРС ЭКСПОРТОЛЖ БАЙНА WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/19     БНХАУ-ЫН 200 ТЭРБУМ АМ.ДОЛЛАРЫН ИМПОРТОД 10 ХУВИЙН ТАРИФ НОГДУУЛАХ ШИЙДВЭР ИРЭХ 7 ХОНОГООС ХЭРЭГЖИНЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/18     ӨВӨЛ ЦАХИЛГААН СААТВАЛ ХОТ ДӨРВӨН ЦАГИЙН ДОТОР Л ХӨЛДӨНӨ WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/18    

Events

Name organizer Where
Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018" Frontier Securities Tokyo Japan
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Alibaba launches new e-commerce platform in Russia www.rt.com

Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba is introducing a new trade platform called Tmall to the Russian market; TASS reported citing its sources.

The service has started working in test mode and should become fully operational from mid-October.

“In Russia Tmall will be launched within the AliExpress platform. In fact, this marks the brand's debut outside China,” one of the sources said.

AliExpress is one of the most popular online shops in Russia with an estimated 15.6 million customers each month.

According to the people familiar with the matter, Tmall will operate in Russia as a separate online shop and a marketplace (or e-platform), uniting an unlimited number of sellers.

Goods will be delivered from the warehouses of Alibaba's partners in Russia, and not from Chinese storage facilities (cross-border trade), as with AliExpress.

"We started localizing AliExpress in Russia two years ago, launching the marketplace ‘Mall’ within the platform. The upgrade to Tmall means a better quality of services due to a more careful selection of goods, a single warehouse, and logistics based on courier delivery, along with delivery to special points of issue,” said Director of Development of AliExpress in Russia and CIS Mark Zavadsky.

He added that Tmall will offer all kinds of goods, ranging from electronics and household appliances to clothing and children's goods. Russian and international brands, as well as some favorite Chinese brands in Russia, will be available to customers.

According to statistics, Tmall’s website is the 14th most visited, with more than 14,000 international brands registered.

In 2015, Russia and China started an online e-commerce platform called TradeEase aimed at increasing cross-border trade between the two countries.

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Mongolian Stock Exchange to partner with United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative www.mse.mn

On September 21, 2017, the MSE became a member of the UN Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative to promote responsible investment and sustainable business practices in the domestic capital market.

The SSE initiative currently has 66 partner stock exchanges globally. The vast network presents an opportunity for the MSE to work together with global investors, issuers, policy makers, regulators and other stock exchanges to promote stock exchange’s role in global sustainable development.

Mr. Altai Khangai, MSE CEO was quoted “Mongolian Stock Exchange is committed to be one of the pioneers to promote sustainable financing in our country and encourage sustainable business practices among our listed companies. We are looking forward to engage in dialogue and cooperation with other exchanges around the world to further advance the stock exchange’s role in promoting global sustainable development,” on the SSE Initiative’s website.

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China bought tonnes of North Korean coal www.mining.com

North Korea’s biggest trading partner imported 1.64 million tonnes of coal in August, despite a supposed embargo imposed by Beijing to comply with the UN sanctions aimed at stopping Pyongyang’s nuclear ambitions.

According to CNN, even though China announced in February that it would halt all coal shipments from its smaller neighbour through the end of this year, official customs data shows the country stuck to that pledge until last month, when imports of the black mineral added up to $138.1 million.

The increase is noticeable, given that in January China imported about $122.5 million worth of coal, while the number dropped to $98.1 million in February and to zero in March.

Experts consulted by the TV station said that the reason that explains Beijing’s behaviour is that the February ban was imposed so abruptly that several shipments were already sitting at Chinese ports and they had to be cleared before the September 5 sanctions deadline. Following that deadline, the Asian giant said it would not process coal imports from Pyongyang, even if the goods had already arrived.

In a strict sense, China did not violate the Security Council's resolutions. However, analysts such as Anthony Ruggiero, senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, told CNN that actions by Xi Jinping’s government show that it is not a reliable partner.

Ruggiero hopes that China learns from this situation, particularly once its officials see that more Chinese firms and banks are being sanctioned as the US Treasury Department executes its new powers to crack down even harder on anyone who does business with the Kim Jong-un administration.

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China has become Mongolia's largest trade partner for more than ten years www.db.silkroad.news.cn

BEIJING, Sept. 28 (Xinhua) -- China has continued to maintain its position as Mongolia's largest trade partner for more than ten consecutive years, according to the Ministry of Commerce at the 2nd China-Mongolia Expo.

China's non-financial direct investment in Mongolia amounted to 4.11 billion U.S. dollars by July 2017, roughly accounting for 30 percent of Mongolia's foreign direct investment.
In particular, China-Mongolia bilateral trade volume stood at 3.62 billion U.S. dollars in the first seven months of this year, up 46.3 percent from last year.

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UN rights expert urges Mongolia to protect www.environment jurist.org

[JURIST] Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment John Knox [official profile] called [press release] on Mongolia Wednesday to protect the environment.

The call [transcript] came as a result of economic and cultural implications the nations agricultural community is facing as a result of expanding the expanding mining industry. Knox found that while Mongolia has comprehensive environmental legislation, it lacks a necessary implementation framework, causing damage to the environment. He also said that areas in Mongolia are some of the most polluted due to coal burning affecting the air and mining poisoning the water supply:

This air pollution interferes with the rights to life and health because it causes respiratory and cardiopulmonary illnesses that lead to premature mortality. The effects are felt most severely by the most vulnerable, including the old and the ill. Many studies have shown that children are particularly at risk. For example, in 2016, UNICEF estimated that over 400 children under the age of five were dying every year in Ulaanbaatar as a result of pneumonia related to air pollution. In addition, exposure to air pollution in childhood can result in long-term health problems, including lung cancer and cardiovascular disease.
He called on on Mongolia to standardize mining procedures to safeguard the environment:
Mining standards should ensure that the mining is done safely, that it minimizes environmental harm, and that after the mining is completed, the site is restored as far as possible to its original status. Unavoidable harm should be offset and/or compensated. When done correctly, this process can and should result in benefits not only for the country as a whole, but also for the local communities directly affected by the mining.
More importantly he urged Mongolia to protect indigenous land rights activists, noting recent attacks and threats of violence leveled against environmentalist and human rights defenders.

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UN expert criticizes Mongolian 'Gold' programme www.news.mn

Mr John Knox, a UN independent expert on human rights and the environment has visited Mongolia for the first time. The UN expert met Mongolian government officials and visited the Zaamar soum.

Mr Knox noted that Mongolia has better statistics than many countries on human rights and environment, but still has some problems. He said, ‘Air-pollution in Ulaanbaatar, water and soil-pollution along the banks of the River Tuul have become very serious problems in Mongolia. Generally, Mongolians are known as having a positive attitude to the environment, nevertheless coal ash and rubbish has been scattered along River Tuul.

During his visit to Zaamar soum, the UN expert warned that environmental pollution is reaching a critical level. Also, Mr Knox criticized the ‘Gold’ programme, implemented by the Mongolian government over the environment situation.

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The 2nd China-Mongolia Expo held in Hohhot www.china.org.cn

The second China-Mongolia Expo and High Level Forum on China-Mongolia-Russia Cooperation kicked off in Hohhot, capital of north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, on Sept. 26, 2017.

The 2nd China-Mongolia Expo and High Level Forum on China-Mongolia-Russia Cooperation kicks off in Hohhot, on Sept. 26, 2017. [Photo by Zhao Shan /China.org.cn]

Under the theme "Construct the China-Mongolia-Russia (CMR) Economic Corridor, embrace global win-win cooperation," this biennial event serves as an important platform and provides a new possibility of foreign exchange between China and its neighboring countries.

Li Jiheng, Secretary of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region & Director-General of the Standing Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony on Tuesday morning which stated that Inner Mongolia would actively pursue the neighborhood diplomacy of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness put forward by China's President Xi Jinping.

"As the host of the China-Mongolia Expo, Inner Mongolia will make full use of its advantages to create a sound environment to actively incorporate itself into the Belt and Road Initiative, enhancing cooperation between China, Mongolia and Russia," Li Jiheng said.

"This Expo is vital for developing a China-Mongolia comprehensive strategic partnership. Mongolian delegates will further understand China and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region's industrious developments, advanced technologies and experience; Chinese delegates and foreign delegates can also know more about Mongolian economic and social developments," Sanjmyatav, Vice Chairman of the State Great Hural (Parliament) of Mongolia, said.

Before the opening ceremony, the leaders of China and Mongolia inspected the exhibition at Inner Mongolia International Convention and Exhibition Center and talked with worldwide exhibitors. "It's my second time to attend the China-Mongolia Expo. This Expo provides me opportunities to expand distribution channels. I plan to set up a factory in Hohhot later," said Erdenechuluun Ochir, a Mongolian exhibitor.

Russia is invited as the special guest to promote the influence of the Expo. Their involvement will speed up the construction of the CMR Economic Corridor, expand multilateral cooperation and promote progress in international exchanges.

This year's expo, the main venue of which covers a total exhibition area of 49,000 square meters, will end on September 30.

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Safe zones to be established to export meat www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ During its regular meeting, the Acting Cabinet resolved to take following measures on creating a segregated zone safe from infectious diseases in domestic animals.

- The Acting Cabinet met Wednesday and assigned the Governors of Arkhangai, Bayankhongor, Bulgan, Gobi-Altai, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgobi, Uvurkhangai, Umnugobi, Zavkhan, Tuv, Uvs, Khuvsgul and Selenge aimags to segregate safe zones from which meat will be exported, allocate fodder lands in compliance with relevant laws and regulations and support foreign and domestic investment and initiatives.

- Acting Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry P.Sergelen and Director of General Agency for Specialized Inspection N.Tsagaankhuu and corresponding Governors were tasked to take necessary measures to create and quarantine the safe zones and monitor the movement of domestic animals.

- Moreover, the corresponding officials were ordered to establish safe zones near border stations with foreign and domestic investment based on an agreement with specialized bodies of the neighbor countries.

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Canadian steel producer Stelco plans $150-million IPO www.mining.com

Stelco Holdings Inc. announced today that it has filed a preliminary prospectus with the securities regulatory authorities in each of the provinces and territories of Canada and obtained a receipt in respect of its proposed initial public offering of common shares.

The Hamilton-based company, which emerged from bankruptcy protection three months ago and is owned by U.S. restructuring firm Bedrock Industries Group LLC, plans to raise $150-million in the share sale that could have a total market value of about $1 billion.

Goldman Sachs & Co. and BMO Capital Markets are acting as joint bookrunners for the offering, while the company is preparing an IPO marketing campaign that targets Canadian and U.S. investors.

Besides making early payments to its pension plans, the money would be injected into the company’s mills that produce galvanized and galvannealed products, primarily used for construction and automotive applications.

The century-old steelmaker operates two facilities in Ontario, one in Nanticoke that processes 3.7 million tonnes a year, and another one in Hamilton, whose capacity is of 2.8 million tonnes of steel annually.

In a recent restructuring, Stelco was able to eliminate $3-billion in debt and $1.4-billion in pension and benefit obligations. Previous to Bedrock’s takeover, the company had already filed for bankruptcy and finally emerged from protection in 2007 when U.S. Steel Corp bought it for $1.1 billion.

According to the Globe and Mail, as of June 30, the company’s only red mark on its balance sheet was $68-million drawn on a $375-million asset-backed credit facility.

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Baby boom in Mongolia leads to ballot system for kindergarten spots www.straitstimes.com

ULAN BATOR (AFP) - Mongolia's baby boom is pushing its schools to breaking point, with desperate parents facing the stark choice of relying on a lottery system or paying for pricey private classes in capital Ulaanbaatar.

Spots in coveted government-funded kindergartens, for children aged two to five, are determined by an online ballot. Those who miss out risk being left out of the early years education system altogether - unless they can afford a fee-paying option.

Mr Sukhbaatariin Boldbaatar and his wife cannot afford a private nursery for their two-year-old son - he is looking for work, while she cares for their one-month-old infant at home."We thought we would win and we were going to buy his school material," Mr Boldbaatar said. "But we received a text message saying he was not selected. At that moment I thought, 'how could they treat a two-year-old based on luck'."

The city's publicly funded kindergartens have space for just half of the 146,000 children between the ages of two and five who live there, according to the municipal education department.

Experts blame the shortage on bad government policy and poor long-term planning. The majority of Mongolia's state-run schools were built during the Soviet era, and relatively few new facilities have been added since the country became democratic in 1990.

Those who do get in face crammed classrooms and overburdened teachers as resources are stretched.

Fed up with having to work in jammed classes for low pay, public school teachers went on strike on Sept 21 and on Sept 26.

The 122nd kindergarten of Bayanzurkh has 660 students, double its capacity.

"We had to adapt to working with over 60 pupils (per classroom)," said teacher Tsergiin Bayalag.

"This double workload doesn't just affect teachers. The cooks must make twice as much food. I want the government to pay a good enough salary for teachers," he added.

The overcrowding also poses health risks, with germs and the flu being passed around, leaving hospitals struggling to attend to a high number of sick children.

Those with a high enough income no longer even bother with the ballot as the private options offer better learning environments.

Poorer families, who do not secure a place in the public system, have little choice but to keep their children at home until age six, as kindergarten is not compulsory.

Mongolia's birth rate has soared from 18.4 babies per 1,000 population in 2006 to 25.4 per 1,000 last year, according to the national statistics office. There were some 49,000 births a decade ago, compared to around 80,000 last year.

A possible explanation is that a generation from a previous baby boom in the 1980s has reached reproductive age.

In the capital, where half of the country's population lives, internal migration of jobless herders from rural areas has added to the problem.

Executive director Batkhuyagiin Batjargal of the Mongolian Education Alliance NGO, said the crisis is the result of bad public policy. "There were enough warning signs, but not enough measures taken."

Birth rates soared in the Year of the Golden Pig in 2007, as Mongolians believe that year brings wealth, but little was done in anticipation of the extra demands on resources as those babies grew up.

The government is building schools in the ger, or slum, districts of Ulaanbaatar, but the country's debt problems have restricted spending.

Secondary schools are also packed but there is no lottery to enrol as the constitution guarantees free education to all children from the age of six.

Ms Lkhagvasurengiin Oyunchimeg, who has 44 students in her class at School Number 65, cannot find empty classrooms to give extra classes to children who lag behind.

"Sometimes, we work with those kids in the corridors," Ms Oyunchimeg said, "but the corridor is not a proper study area and they get easily distracted."

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