1 VOLKSWAGEN TO SPEND $50 BILLION ON ELECTRIC CAR 'OFFENSIVE' WWW.CNN.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      2 HABITABILITY OF MONGOLIA UNDER THREAT FROM CLIMATE CHANGE WWW.ADELAIDENOW.COM.AU PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      3 THE SURPRISE FUEL FLOWS SPARKED BY A RAGING U.S.-CHINA TRADE WAR WWW.BLOOMBERG.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      4 MONGOLIA’S COAL EXPORTS IN FIRST 10 MONTHS UP 10PC WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      5 ABOUT 100 THOUSAND PASSENGERS PASSED THROUGH MONGOLIA-XINJIANG BORDER WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      6 CHINA'S ‘ONE BELT, ONE ROAD’ GLOBAL INVESTMENT PLAN MAPPED OUT WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      7 ASIA SUMMIT ENDS IN HISTORIC FAILURE WWW.CNN.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      8 INAUGURATION OF SHERAB KYETSEL LING INSTITUTE WWW.DALAILAMA.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/19      9 US-MONGOLIA 'THIRD NEIGHBOR TRADE ACT' ON THE WAY WWW.THEDIPLOMAT.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/17      10 CHINA'S FIGHT AGAINST SMOG MAKES PALLADIUM 2018'S BEST METAL WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/17      БНХАУ-ЫН ОЛОН УЛСЫН ИМПОРТЫН ҮЗЭСГЭЛЭН БНХАУ-ОХУ-ЫН БИЗНЕСИЙН ХАРИЛЦААГ ӨРГӨЖҮҮЛЛЭЭ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     АМЧАМ МОНГОЛ 2018 ОНЫ ЖИЛИЙН ТАЙЛАНГИЙН ХУРЛАА АМЖИЛТТАЙ ЗОХИОН БАЙГУУЛЛАА WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     ЗЭСИЙН ЗАХ ЗЭЭЛД ЦОЙЛУУЛАХ ХАРМАГТАЙ WWW.DNN.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     ГАШУУНСУХАЙТ АВТО ЗАМ ХХК: БЯМБА ГАРАГТ ГАШУУНСУХАЙТ-ГАНЦМОД БООМТООР НҮҮРС ТЭЭВРИЙН 99 АВТОМАШИН НЭВТЭРСЭН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     НЭГ АЖИЛТАНД НОГДОХ ДНБ III УЛИРЛЫН БАЙДЛААР 3.7 САЯ ТӨГРӨГ БОЛЖ ӨСЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     ХЯТАДЫН ХЯЗГААРЛАЛТ $300-450 САЯЫГ ГАЦААНА WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     АЗЕРБАЙЖАН УЛС МАНАЙД ДАРС НИЙЛҮҮЛЭХЭЭР БОЛЛОО WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     ШУУДАН, ХАРИЛЦАА ХОЛБООНЫ САЛБАРЫН ОРЛОГО ОНЫ ЭХНИЙ 9 САРД 21.4 ХУВИАР ӨСӨВ WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/19     БНСУ-ЫН АЖ АХУЙН НЭГЖҮҮДИЙН АУТСОРСИНГ ЗАХИАЛГЫГ ГҮЙЦЭТГЭХ ЗАЛУУЧУУДЫГ СОНГОН, ШАЛГАРУУЛНА WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/17     НҮҮРСНИЙ ЭКСПОРТ 10 ХУВИАР ӨСӨЖ, 31.3 САЯ ТОНН БОЛОВ WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/17    

Events

Name organizer Where
Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018" Frontier Securities Tokyo Japan
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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October 19, 2017 trading report www.mse.mn

On October 19, 2017, 136,396 shares of 26 firms listed as Tier I, II, and III were traded. 13 firms’ shares increased in price, 9 decreased and 4 remained unchanged. Monnoos JSC /MNS/ was the top performer, increasing 12.16 percent, whereas Ar Bayarkhangai JSC /ABH/ was the worst performer, decreasing 12.00 percent.

On the secondary market for government securities, 1,584 bonds worth MNT158.2 million were traded.

The MSE ALL Index rose 0.18 percent to stand at 1,167.92 . The MSE market cap stands at MNT 2,287,585,337,317.

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Recession in Russia over & economy moving to growth - World Bank www.rt.com

The Russian economy has overcome the recession and returned to moderate growth this year, according to the latest report from the World Bank.

“The countries of Central Europe and the western part of the Balkan Peninsula continue to record steady GDP growth, while Russia and Belarus have emerged from the recession,” said the bank in its report on European and Central Asian economies.
It explained the Russian economy was supported by higher oil prices and macro stabilization.

The World Bank forecasts the economy will grow by 1.7 percent this year and next, and by 1.8 percent in 2019.

Alexey Druzginin / Anton Denisov / Russian Presidential Press OfficeRussian economy to grow steadily in next 5 years, but has capacity for more – IMF
"The medium-term growth forecast for Russia has slightly improved after a faster-than-expected recovery in demand on the domestic market and due to higher exports,” said the report.

“Structural reforms are required for the improvement of the Russian economy’s long-term growth.”

The bank’s experts have attributed economic risks to "low oil prices and the possible negative consequences” of the expansion of anti-Russian sanctions.

Last week, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) raised its forecast for Russia's 2017 GDP growth to 1.8 percent from its previous estimate of 1.4 percent. The IMF sees next year’s growth at 1.6 percent.

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Implementation of Vienna program of action for LLDCS discussed at UNGA session www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Director of the Multilateral Cooperation Department of the Mongolian Foreign Ministry O.Enkhtsetseg attended a meeting of the 72nd Session of United Nations General Assembly Second Committee, which discussed the facing issues of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs).

The UN members presented an implementation course of the Vienna Program of Action for LLDCs (2014-2024) in their countries and highlighted the necessity of making efforts in improving infrastructure, business environment, strengthening private and public entities, producing VAT included products, financing infrastructure sector and increasing studies on investment and technical assistance.

O.Enktsetseg informed about the Mongolian Government’s policies and actions for implementing in the frameworks of the Vienna Program of Action and presented the national implementation progress and its priorities.
"Mongolia aims to join international and regional agreements to facilitate trade and transport, actively participating in regional economic integrations, and is cooperating with the two neighbors within the frames of ‘Belt and Road’ initiative, said O.Enkhtsetseg. She then informed that the Government decided to establish the Investment and Research Center for the Economic Corridor program and the National Committee on Trade Facilitation to ensure the implementation of WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement.

O.Enkhtsetseg further noted that the Mongolian Government of Mongolia is holding an international forum entitled 'Regional Transport and Logistics Cooperation' on October 19-20 in cooperation with United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.

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World’s First Floating Wind Farm Begins Operating in Scotland www.bloomberg.com

The world’s first floating offshore wind farm started delivering electricity to the grid in the north of Scotland.

The Hywind project, built by Norwegian oil company Statoil ASA and Masdar Abu Dhabi Future Energy Co., has five turbines floating 25 kilometers (16 miles) off the coast of Peterhead, near Aberdeen. The project has a capacity of 30 megawatts and cost about 200 million pounds ($263 million) to construct.

“This marks an exciting development for renewable energy in Scotland,” said First Minister Nicola Sturgeon. “Hywind will provide clean energy to over twenty thousand homes and will help us meet our ambitious climate change targets.”

Wind turbines have been installed on seabeds since the 1990s. Taking them offshore typically increases wind speeds and reduces complaints from neighbors, but it has also been limited to relatively shallow seas. Floating turbines are expected to open the industry up to new markets like Japan, the U.S. west coast and Mediterranean, where seabeds drop off steeply from the coast.

“Hywind can be used for water depths up to 800 meters, thus opening up areas that so far have been inaccessible for offshore wind,” said Irene Rummelhoff, executive vice president of the New Energy Solutions business area at Statoil.

Batteries

Some of the energy generated by the turbines in the sea will be stored in batteries. Statoil has installed one of its Batwind lithium devices, which can store 1 megawatt-hour of power. This will help steady the flow of power generated by the wind farm.

The cost of conventional offshore wind farms has been plummeting in recent years. The U.K.’s latest renewable energy auction saw prices drop to 57.50 pounds per megawatt-hour, less than a third the cost of new nuclear in the U.K. Rummelhoff expects floating offshore wind to follow a similar trajectory.

“Statoil has an ambition to reduce the costs of energy from the Hywind floating wind farm to 40 to 60 euros per megawatt-hour by 2030,” she said in a statement. “Knowing that up to 80 percent of the offshore wind resources are in deep waters where traditional bottom fixed installations are not suitable, floating offshore wind is expected to play a significant role in the growth of offshore wind going forward.”

The Hywind project receives government support in the form of renewable obligation certificates. It gets 3.5 ROCs, which currently adds up to about 140 pounds per megawatt-hour, according to Statoil spokeswoman Elin Isaksen. This is on top of the U.K.’s wholesale power price which has averaged 48.75 pounds per megawatt-hour over the past year.

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National forum to be organized to reduce air pollution www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar/MONTSAME/ At the initiative of the Mongolia’s President, a national forum on reducing air pollution will take place in Ulaanbaatar on October 23.

The Government and non- governmental organizations, unions, activists and scientists as well as companies producing eco-products will participate in the event.

The event will concentrate on activating actions to respond air pollutions in urban places, increasing public involvement, determining long, medium and short-term policies and actions that have to be implemented by the Government and on drawing up a proposal of actions in ensuring citizens’ right to live safely.

Prior to the forum, three panel meetings take place in Ulaanbaatar, namely; ‘Air-pollution in ger districts and decisive actions’ on October 18, ‘Motor vehicle emissions and decisive actions’ on October 19, and ‘Decentralization and decisive actions’ on October 20.

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Step ahead in realisation Mongolian Northern Rail Corridor www.railfreight.com

The Australian company Aspire Mining and its Mongolia-registered Northern Railways (NR) subsidiary have signed an agreement with China Gezhouba Group International (CGGC) for carrying out the final stage of a feasibility study into the Erdenet – Ovoot line in northern Mongolia.

The Erdenet-Ovoot line is part of the Northern Rail Corridor, a project connecting the national rail network from Erdenet to Aspire’s Ovoot Coking Coal Project and onto the Mongolian-Russian border town of Arts Suuri. Through the connection with the existing national railway, it also provides a direct route to the Chinese market for Russian freight forwarders. Moreover, the Russian government plans to link the rail from Arts Suuri to the Trans-Siberian Railway at Kyzyl, creating a potentially vital international rail link.

Contract
The first stage of the feasibility study was completed in January this year. In conclusion, the costs of the project were estimated at 1 billion Euros, minus contingencies. The second and last stage of the study is expected to be completed by the end of March 2018. In addition to the line between Erdenet and Ovoot, the study also paves the way for the eventual extension of the line to Arts Suuri.

As part of the contract, NR has committed to considering CGGC for the design, procurement and construction phases and if it does not award these contracts, to compensate the Chinese company. CGGC will in turn assist NR in the search for investors for the Northern Rail Corridor and planning for the extension.

International Economic Corridor
Aspire has said the Northern Railway will open up significant new opportunities for various industries, small business, the community and local economy in northern Mongolia, while in the meantime integrating Russian rail planning, China’s Silk Road and Mongolia’s rail policy to create an international Economic Corridor, facilitating increased levels of trade between the three nations and the wider Asia-European economies. The 1,520 millimeter-gauge line will be open for bulk and intermodal freight trains, but could also be used for passenger services.

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Goldman Sachs prefers gold to bitcoin www.rt.com

Gold is better than cryptocurrencies due to its durability and intrinsic value, explains American banking giant Goldman Sachs.

“Precious metals remain a relevant asset class in modern portfolios, despite their lack of yield,” analysts at Goldman Sachs wrote, as quoted by Bloomberg.

“They are neither a historic accident or a relic,” and are still relevant despite new assets like cryptocurrencies, they said.

As uncertainty in markets grows, the price of gold rises, they explained. In the long term, gold will gain because of the continuing demand in emerging markets, particularly in China.

Goldman analysts used several criteria to compare gold and bitcoin, including durability, portability, intrinsic value and unit of account. In three categories gold is better, losing to bitcoin only in portability.

“While both require expertise for correct long-term storage, gold wins because cryptocurrencies are vulnerable to hacking through online wallets or the user’s computer or smartphone, are subject to regulatory risk, and network and infrastructure risk during a crisis,” they said.

“Transferring bullion can be expensive, given its weight, need for a high level of security and high import taxes in some countries, such as India. In contrast, it’s much faster and cheaper to move bitcoins,” Goldman analysts added.

Gold has a limited amount, while it is difficult to control supply in case of cryptocurrencies; gold is better at keeping its purchasing power, and has much lower daily volatility, they said.

This year, bitcoin has rallied about 600 percent, starting the year at less than $1,000 and jumping to near $6,000. Gold prices have risen 12 percent. Bitcoin’s total values is approaching $100 billion, more than the market cap of corporations like Bayer, Goldman Sachs and Nike.

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Political party financing in Mongolia: A road to grand corruption? www.politicsofhope.com

While true that Mongolia’s economy is heavily dependent on fluctuating coal and copper prices, it is also true that the country’s political parties increasingly influence economic outcomes.

According to The Asia Foundation’s annual survey on perceptions of corruption in Mongolia, in 2010, political parties ranked fifth on a list of the 16 most corrupt entities. By 2017, political parties had reached second place, just behind the Land Affairs Authority. The findings point to a worrying trend: as the amount of money needed to win an election increases, political parties are looking to “secret, private” donors, giving rise to questions of transparency and fairness in the electoral process. Economists argue that if this pattern continues, it will negatively affect Mongolia’s investment patterns and economic performance.

On September 21, Mr. Jargalsaikhan, a renowned TV host, economist, and good governance activist, popularly known as “Jargal Defacto,” explored The Asia Foundation’s latest corruption perception survey findings in the country’s first-ever public debate on corruption before a live television audience.

While true that Mongolia’s economy is heavily dependent on fluctuating coal and copper prices, it is also true that the country’s political parties increasingly influence economic outcomes.

According to The Asia Foundation’s annual survey on perceptions of corruption in Mongolia, in 2010, political parties ranked fifth on a list of the 16 most corrupt entities. By 2017, political parties had reached second place, just behind the Land Affairs Authority. The findings point to a worrying trend: as the amount of money needed to win an election increases, political parties are looking to “secret, private” donors, giving rise to questions of transparency and fairness in the electoral process. Economists argue that if this pattern continues, it will negatively affect Mongolia’s investment patterns and economic performance.

On September 21, Mr. Jargalsaikhan, a renowned TV host, economist, and good governance activist, popularly known as “Jargal Defacto,” explored The Asia Foundation’s latest corruption perception survey findings in the country’s first-ever public debate on corruption before a live television audience.

On the other side of this argument was Ms. Erdenedalai, who teaches at the University of Finance and Economics. She argued that financing political parties from the state budget is unfair, and that it is doubtful that doing so enhances oversight. She elaborated by saying that tighter oversight will make the true sources of financing even more hidden. Furthermore, she said that she believes the public lack the platform needed to demand transparency and hold political parties accountable for their actions. She noted that if only parties holding parliamentary seats are publicly financed, then smaller parties would be at a disadvantage and that democratic pluralism would suffer. Another risk, she argued, is that the larger political parties with seats in parliament would become disconnected from society because, at present, they need to listen to people and work with them to build trust when they later need to seek donations from them. Finally, she noted that political parties do receive small amounts of funding from the national budget but that this is not disclosed to the public. While the existing law on Political Parties requires that political parties report on their finances, but no parties publish these reports.

The debate stirred a great deal of interest on one of Mongolia’s most critical issues today, and raised a number of new questions, including how the country can follow international best practices in light of the economic slump. Mongolia’s current economic crisis and growing foreign debt will preclude it from providing full government financing to political parties at this juncture. But there may be ways to open up the system and provide some level of public financing while better regulating and limiting private donations. For example, the public budget could cover some of the costs associated with radio and television coverage of party candidates. Other measures could include allowing political parties to use billboards free of charge and offering reduced taxes to those who make donations. But most importantly, the public needs to truly know who they are voting for and how their campaign is being financed.

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About 1000 teachers in Mongolia intend to go on hunder strike over low salaries www.akipress.com

AKIPRESS.COM - 1000 teachers intend to go on hunger strike claiming the Government has not responded to their demand for a better pay, Mongolian media report Wednesday. 

Representatives of teachers from 21 aimags and 5 teachers from every secondary schools and kindergartens of the capital city intend to join hunger strike, Gogo Mongolia reported.

"A temporary committee to increase teachers' salary has demanded to raise monthly base salaries of teachers by the end of 2017. However, the Government has not responded clearly to this demand for the past two months," the news agency reported.

"If this issue arises in another country, it will be a national security issue. Therefore, we want the government to discuss this issue for 15 days. If the government does not accept our requirements, teachers will go on strike," says BoD member of the temporary committee to increase teachers' salary A.Sanjmyatav.

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UK banks exposed to money laundering in South Africa www.bbc.com

UK banks may have been used to launder money stolen from South Africa, a former cabinet minister has alleged in a letter to Chancellor Philip Hammond.

Lord Peter Hain said a South African whistle-blower had indicated the banks "maybe inadvertently have been conduits for the corrupt proceeds of money".
The Labour peer is due to raise the issue in the House of Lords later.
The Treasury said it had sent his letter to financial regulator the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
"We take allegations of financial misconduct very seriously, and have passed Lord Hain's letter on to the Financial Conduct Authority and relevant UK law enforcement agencies, including the National Crime Agency and Serious Fraud Office, to agree the right action," a spokesperson said.
'Corruption and cronyism'
A spokeswoman for the FCA said it was already in contact with the banks named by Lord Hain and would "consider carefully further responses received".
The money laundering accusation rests on alleged ties between the country's President Jacob Zuma and a wealthy business family, the Guptas.
Lord Hain, a leading anti-apartheid campaigner who grew up in South Africa, urged UK authorities "to track that stolen money down and make sure that British financial institutions help return it to South African taxpayers".
The former Northern Ireland secretary alleged the issue was "a result of the corruption and cronyism resided over by President Zuma and close allies the Guptas".
Brothers Ajay, Atul and Rajesh Gupta have interests in computer, mining, media, travel, energy and technology and employ about 10,000 people through their company Sahara Group.
The Guptas have been accused in the past of wielding influence in South African politics under President Jacob Zuma's administration.
Both President Zuma and the Guptas deny wrongdoing, and say they are victims of a "politically motivated witch-hunt".

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