|Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018"||Frontier Securities||Tokyo Japan|
|"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award||ICC WTO||London|
Chief of Cabinet Secretariat Zandanshatar Gombojav presented the results of Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa’s visit to Tuv, Selenge and Darkhan-Uul aimags during the Cabinet meeting yesterday and ordered to study the opportunities to grant interest rate discount to flour producers on wheat purchase. In case a situation emerges to set quota on wheat and flour imports, the Cabinet decided to favor domestic flour production. Related ministers were also ordered to involve greenhouse farmers to the nighttime electricity tariff discount, enable rail transport to grain and increase the number of harvest trucks. Furthermore, the Cabinet resolved to repair the harvest route road of Selenge aimag from the Government’s reserve fund and mobilize military units for harvesting. Minister of Health Sarangerel Davaajantsan will be responsible for funding the current and fixed costs steered from the increased workplaces following the completion of Health Care Center expansion of Bayangol soum, Selenge aimag.
ADVANCE PASSENGER PROCESSING TO BE INSTALLED AT NEW AIRPORT
Later on, the Cabinet decided to install the Advance Passenger Processing (APP) system at the new airport in Khushig Valley. Officials viewed that APP will improve border inspections, information exchange of public bodies and national capacity to fight against terrorism. The APP confirms the passenger’s information from the Wanted Persons List of Interpol, No Fly List and other databases, such as visa, and send the information to local law enforcers within three seconds once the passenger purchases the flight ticket. The system is used in over 70 countries around the globe.
COMPLETION OF GOVERNMENT ACTION PROGRAM STANDS AT 47 PERCENT
As of the first half of this year, the completion of the Government’s Action Plan for 2016-2020 stood at 47.2 percent.
Particularly: Policy on Overcoming Economic Difficulties-55 percent;
Policy on Sustainable Economic Growth-39.8 percent;
Social Policy-46.5 percent;
Environmental and Green Development Policy-44.1 percent;
Governance Policy - 49.7 percent
All government bodies were ordered to intensify the sluggish actions and complete the target level by the end of this year. Additionally, actions that are slowing due to lack of investment will be financed from the state budget, foreign loan aids, as well as private sector investment.
NUSA DUA, Indonesia (Reuters) - International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde on Thursday warned countries of the perils of a trade or a currency war, saying they could be detrimental to global growth and hurt “innocent bystanders.”
Lagarde urged countries to “de-escalate” trade frictions and fix global trading rules, rather than abandon them.
“We certainly hope we don’t move in either direction of a trade war or a currency war. It will be detrimental on both accounts for all participants, Lagarde told a news conference during the annual meetings of the IMF and World Bank in Indonesian resort island of Bali.
“And there would also be lots of innocent bystanders.”
China and the United States have slapped tit-for-tat tariffs over the past few months, rattling financial markets as investors worried the escalating trade war could knock global trade and investment.
On recent yuan declines, Lagarde said they were mainly driven by the strength of the dollar, noting that it has not depreciated as much against a basket of currencies.
“We’re seeing more and more countries, China included, let their currencies fluctuate,” Lagarde said.
The yuan currency CNY=CFXS has faced strong selling pressure this year, losing over 8 percent between March and August at the height of market worries, though it has since pared losses as authorities stepped up support.
A U.S. Treasury official on Monday repeated that the Trump administration was concerned about the yuan’s recent weakening as the department prepares a semi-annual report on currency manipulation due out next week.
US President Donald Trump has accused China of deliberately manipulating its currency to gain a trade advantage, claims Beijing consistently rejected.
“We have supported the move of China toward (currency) flexibility,” she said, adding that the IMF has encouraged Chinese authorities to “go down that path.”
Lagarde urged China to follow through on the IMF’s recommendation to continue moving toward a system that allows the yuan to move flexibly.
She declined to comment on the recent market rout, but said U.S. equities and overall stock prices “in general have been extremely high.”
Additional reporting by Yawen Chen; Editing by Shri Navaratnam
IndustriALL and Rio Tinto conduct joint mission at Oyu Tolgoi mine in Mongolia www.industriall-union.org
Global social dialogue between IndustriALL Global Union and Rio Tinto took a significant step forward when both parties undertook a joint mission to Rio Tinto’s massive Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold operations and underground expansion in the remote South Gobi desert of Mongolia.
The joint mission took place from the 17th - 22nd September 2018. Michael Gavin, Rio Tinto’s group head of employee relations, and Glen Mpufane, IndustriALL’s mining director, led their respective delegations. The IndustriALL delegation included regional staff, representatives of local unions, and journalists from Dagens Arbete, the magazine of Swedish affiliate IF Metal.
A major objective of the mission was to evaluate Rio Tinto’s environmental, social and governance strategies. The operation has not been without controversy. During the mission, consultation was held with the herder community and their elders, the local community, the governor of Khanbogd sum, permanent and contractor employees, and NGOs critical of the operation.
Mongolia is richly endowed in natural resources and is heavily dependent on mining for its economic prospects. Oyu Tolgoi is the jewel in Rio Tinto’s crown, providing the company with an opportunity to demonstrate its commitment to responsible mining. Rio Tinto took the opportunity provided by the results of the Responsible Mining Index (RMI) to invite IndustriALL to Oyu Tolgoi.
IndustriALL participates in the RMI, which defines responsible mining as “…mining that demonstrably respects the interests of people and the environment, and contributes discernibly and fairly to broad economic development of the producing country.” Rio Tinto achieved one of the ten strongest results in four different areas: economic development, business conduct, working conditions and environmental responsibility.
IndustriALL held a workshop with Mongolian affiliate, the Federation of Energy, Geology and Mining Workers' Unions, for the leadership and over 40 representative shop stewards.
There are 16,117 workers at Oyu Tolgoi, split between a permanent Mongolian workforce of about 3,000 and a largely Mongolian and expatriate contractor workforce, involved in the underground expansion project. A major skills transfer from expatriates to Mongolians is a defining feature of skills development and training.
A large percentage of the Mongolian contracted workforce is set to be made permanent when the underground production comes on line. Evidence of the skills transfer is the large percentage of women operating massive hauling trucks at the open pit mine, and Mongolians holding critical senior management positions.
Glen Mpufane observed:
“The social license to operate is not a given, but must be earned, through transparency and trust in dialogue. Responsible mining is the pathway to obtaining that license”.
The conversation with Rio Tinto over its sustainability performance continues to include other global operations, for example QMM in Madagascar, RBM in South Africa, and the Rössing Uranium mine in Namibia....
The FINANCIAL -- The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of Mongolia marked the beginning of a $1.4 million technical assistance project with a workshop aimed to strengthen water governance at the river basin level and scale up lessons learned for application across Mongolia.A total of 70 people attended the workshop in Ulaanbaatar, including Ministry of Environment and Tourism Director General Ms. Bulgan Tumendemberel.
The technical assistance project will help strengthen water governance and river basin water planning in Mongolia, empowering authorities to address water challenges and improve decision making on strategic investments necessary to support growth, health, and the well-being of communities.
The Government of Mongolia, through the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, will help develop the capacity of the river basin council and river basin authority, as well as other key stakeholders to manage water resources better through environmentally sustainable and disaster resilience efforts.
The technical assistance project is funded by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) and the High-Level Technology (HLT) Fund. Financed by the Government of Japan, JFPR was established in May 2000, providing direct grant assistance to the poorest and most vulnerable groups of ADB’s developing member countries while fostering long-term social and economic development. Over the past 17 years, JFPR has supported over 48 projects in Mongolia dealing with poverty alleviation, livelihoods, and the environment.
Since its inception in 2017, the HLT Fund has been providing grant support to 15 projects, including three in Mongolia. It seeks to address various development challenges in ADB’s developing member countries by promoting the integration of technology and innovative solutions into ADB-financed and administered projects.
ADB is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2017, ADB operations totaled $32.2 billion, including $11.9 billion in cofinancing.
ULAN BATOR, Oct. 9 (Xinhua) -- Mongolian oil importers have hiked the retail prices of gasoline and diesel from Saturday amid a rapid depreciation of the country's national currency the tugrik against the U.S. dollar.
Main Mongolian oil importing companies, including Shunkhlai LLC and Magnai Trade LLC have raised their retail prices of gasoline and diesel by 50-250 Mongolian tugriks (0.02-0.10 U.S. dollars) per liter, local media reported on Tuesday citing the Mongolian Petroleum Consumer's Association.
Currently, the retail price for a liter of gasoline brands AI-92 and AI-95 in Mongolia is at 1,890 and 2,220 Mongolian tugriks (0.74 and 0.87 U.S. dollars), respectively. The diesel fuel in the country is at a cost of 2,250 Mongolian tugriks (0.88 U.S. dollars) per liter.
The importers have raised the retail prices of both gasoline and diesel for the third time so far this year.
The latest hike is directly related to the depreciation of the tugrik against the U.S. dollar, according to oil importing companies.
The U.S. dollar exchange rate against the tugrik has reached a historical high in the past few days, with the exchange rate standing at more than 2550.
According to governmental data, the East Asian country imported nearly 1.5 million tons of oil products last year.
LAUNCESTON, Australia, Oct 9 (Reuters) – Coal-fired power has to end by 2050 to save the planet. That seemingly simple but bold sentiment is likely to set much of the political, social and economic agenda for the coming decades, but in the end it will come down to what China does.
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in a report on Monday that "unprecedented" changes will have to take place to limit the rise in the Earth's temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), warning of devastating weather events and species loss if the target is exceeded.
In order to achieve the goal, the IPCC said coal burning would have to drop to between zero and 2 percent by 2050, while even natural gas, coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS), would have to decline to 8 percent of electricity generation by the middle of this century.
While coal has long been the bogeyman of climate activists, the IPCC has effectively thrown down the gauntlet and given world leaders a little over 30 years to phase it out entirely.
Initial reaction to the IPCC report has been predictable, with supporters of renewable energy cheering it, and backers of fossil fuels resorting to the familiar arguments that somehow the science is either wrong or a hoax.
Australia's Environment Minister Melissa Price told ABC radio on Tuesday that the IPCC was "drawing a long bow" by calling for an end to coal by 2050, and touted new technologies as a way of saving the polluting fuel.
Australia is the world's largest exporter of coal and relies on the fuel for more than 70 percent of its electricity generation.
Price isn't alone in touting CCS and other technologies, with the World Coal Association responding to the IPCC report by saying in a statement on its website that CCS is "vital" and that the coal lobby group will push for it to be adopted.
However, elsewhere on the group's website it acknowledges that currently progress of CCS "is too slow to allow necessary emissions reductions goals to be achieved".
Its solution is to spend more on research and development. But it's here that the coal lobby will run into problems.
Already renewable technologies, which have benefited from subsidies, are becoming cheaper than conventional coal-fired power generation, a trend likely to continue.
Coal-fired generation with CCS would likely require huge subsidies in order to be cost-competitive and selling such largesse with public money will be incredibly hard for governments in democracies.
It's therefore likely that the scenario currently being played out in Europe will be extended to other parts of the world, with coal-fired power being replaced by a combination of renewables, battery storage, gas-fired back-up and even nuclear.
Coal will further be hamstrung by the flight of capital from the sector, with commercial and development banks, insurers and trading companies starting to retreat from financing and insuring mines and power plants.
Debate should switch to Asia
While it's likely that the developed world will witness ongoing bitter debates over policy toward fossil fuels, the actual key to the IPCC target is China, and to a lesser extent the rest of developing Asia.
China is the world's largest producer, consumer and importer of coal and any genuine attempt to remove coal from the world's energy mix by 2050 will require massive commitment from Beijing.
While the Chinese government has a policy of limiting the use of coal and of boosting the use of renewables and natural gas, it's well within the realms of wishful thinking to imagine the world's second-largest economy is on track to abandon the use of coal by 2050.
According to the Global Coal Plant Tracker, China currently has 957 gigawatts (GW) of coal-fired power operating – more than four times India's 219 GW.
The positive news for both China and India, the world's second-biggest coal importer, is that the pipeline of coal-fired plant construction has been consistently shrinking and retirements of older units has been accelerating.
But given that once built, coal-fired plants generally operate for at least 30 years, it would be imperative that virtually all construction is halted now, and no new plants commissioned.
In reality, China currently has 126 GW of coal-fired power in construction and 76 GW either announced, in pre-permit phase or with permits already in place. India has 39 GW being built and 63 GW in the approval process.
There are also new coal plants being built or planned in numerous other Asian countries, including Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines.
What the IPCC report may do is accelerate pressure on those countries to re-think their power generation plans, especially if renewables can be shown to be as cheap and as reliable.
It's also likely that any technological advances in energy in the next decades will not be in favour of coal, given that vast sums are being invested in renewables and comparatively little in CCS or other coal-friendly technologies.
The IPCC report highlights that coal now has its back very much against the wall, but equally that the real power for change lies in Beijing.
Natural gas also tends to get off lightly in much of the media reporting about climate change, especially given the obvious target of coal.
But like silent flatulence in an elevator, eventually natural gas will be unable to avoid the attention that is making life so difficult for the coal industry.
(By Clyde Russell; Editing by Kenneth Maxwell)...
The global coal mining market is growing, with a CAGR of close to 2% from 2018-2022, according to a coal mining report published by Technavio.
Technavio states the industry is largely driven by coal requirements and a rise in electricity generation, and has seen an overwhelming response due to an increase in mining techniques and developing coalmine sites.
The global market is witnessing upward traction as the industry scope is exhibiting vast labor, but market challenges such as illegal possession, fraud and government policies are obstacles.
While the industry is segmented as North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa, Asia-Pacific's industry is the most lucrative market, due to high population rates and heavy dependence on coal energy.
The report identifies key industry players: Arch Coal Inc, Consol Energy Inc, Cloud Peak Energy, Coal India Ltd, BHP Billiton Ltd, Rio Tinto Group, ShenHua Group, China Coal Energy Co Ltd and Peabody Energy Corporation.
The European market is home to several mining industries with extraction and refinery processes at large, while the North American industry thrives owing to a rise in sources of energy. The report maintains a key market driver is bettering electricity technology.
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The 42nd Session of the Management Committee of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT) is being held in Ulaanbaatar on October 9-12. Over 100 high-ranking officials of public and private organizations in ICT sector of APT member countries are taking part in the event.
The session aims to overview the organization’s operational and financial performance in 2018 and to approve a strategic plan for the year of 2019-2020. Moreover, reports of APT preparatory groups for Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union and World Radiocommunication Conference will be discussed along with a number of important matters including preparation for the Asia-Pacific ICT Ministerial Meeting in 2019 and the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the APT. The delegates also make decision on the date and place of the 43rd Session of the Management Committee of the APT.
The Parliament is currently discussing the draft bill on 2019 State Budget. As expected of a pre-election year, a significant amount of financing has been allocated to local budgets. On the other hand, the mining revenue, which is expected to account for 27 percent of total budget revenue, was increased by 76.4 percent compared to 2018 budget. Considering the external environment, the World Bank and Asian Development Bank recently upgraded their outlook on Mongolia’s economy; however, both banks warned the Government to remain wise on expenditure. “In some senses, the revenue performance has increased, so it does give the Government more flexibility. What they have got to do is to use that flexibility wisely. I would say to them that the best course of action going forward is to continue the focus on building up the buffers and keeping control of current expenditure,” said Declan Magee, Senior Economist at ADB. As for the World Bank, the recent regional economic report stated that the “Growing political uncertainty could induce a sudden relaxation of the government’s commitment to structural reforms. Mongolia’s growth prospects could be adversely affected by the consequences of an escalating trade war and a potential reduction in global demand-mainly from China-for coal, copper and other commodities and the resultant decline in global commodity prices. Weather related shocks, resumption of non-trade barriers at the border with China, could also significantly affect Mongolia’s coal exports.”
The draft of 2019 budget allocated MNT 2.08 trillion on construction and another MNT 1.2 trillion on 877 development projects. Both the allocations double the last year’s amount. These will be spent on constructing 117 schools, 143 kindergartens, 62 extension of primary care centers and 34 dormitories. As the Prime Minister highlighted, the local budgets have been increased dramatically. A total of MNT 189 billion will be financed for local budget. The amount triples the 2018 budget, which was only about MNT 59 billion. Furthermore, allocation to the Local Development Fund raised by 62 percent, to MNT 144 billion, compared to MNT 89 billion in 2018.
Under the tax reform, the budget expects MNT 8.58 trillion in tax revenue, which was MNT 6.2 trillion in the 2018 budget. Additionally, the mining revenue is facing a heavy criticism as the 2019 budget is in plan to collect MNT 3 trillion from mining. This is around 76.4 percent higher than 2018 expectation of MNT 1.7 trillion. The draft expects to fulfill this amount by exporting 42 million tons of coal and 1.4 million tons of copper. As of August 2018, Mongolia exported 23.4 million tons of coal, 960,000 tons of copper ores.
Monitoring the implementation of child protection actions, President of Mongolia Battulga Khaltmaa held the second meeting with the related officials yesterday as scheduled during the previous meeting on August 30. After studying their reports, the President inquired the related agencies for faults and delays.
1335 SIX-YEAR OLDS WERE UNABLE TO ENROLL INTO SCHOOL
President: -I ordered the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sport (MECSS) to prepare the standards for child protection and conduct safety inspections. What has been done in this regard and why hasn’t the standards prepared yet?
MECSS: -We have approved the standards of preschool education institutions in cooperation with the UNICEF. The implementation guidelines have been sent to every kindergartens nationwide. They have started sending their ability to install the standard with their own assets. The study is expected to finalize next month.
President: -11 percent of secondary schools have high risk, 31 percent - medium risk and 57 percent - low risk according to the Environmental Safety Assessment. There are no riskfree schools. The potential victims to the risk is children. Are there any opportunity to make them risk-free?
MECSS: -There are 65 secondary schools under high risk, of which 15 are in the Capital and the rest being in local areas. Majority of the current secondary schools were constructed in the 1970’s. Some buildings are aged over 50 years. We will focus on renovating constructions under the risk assessment.
President: -Enrollment of sixyears olds is becoming a growing problem in local areas. Several parents have already issued complaints on school accessibility. How are you planning on solving this?
MECSS: -As stated by the Law on Education, we are delaying the enrollment of six-year old children by one year. The enrollment of a total of 1335 children were postponed in this regard.
President: -This is not a solution. Every single six-year old child will not live in dormitories. This has to be settled within legal frames. Another problem is daycare centers. Who is responsible for their standards?
MECSS: -There was a decision to operate day-care centers at schools. The ministry cannot monitor private day-care centers. We have submitted a request to the National Authority for Children and the Cabinet and are revising the standards and requirements.
PRIOR NOTICES CAUSE INEFFECTIVE INSPECTIONS
President: -I have received several complaints about retail stores selling expired and/or unidentified products. General Agency for Specialized Investigation (GASI) inspection concluded that they were “unable to settle”. Aren’t there any surprise inspections?
GASI: -Law on State Inspection and Examination identifies planned and unplanned inspections. The planned inspection has to be notified near the end of the previous year, while the unplanned inspections require complaints or requests, as well as five-days of prior notice
President: -Prior notices will result in ineffective inspections. The law has to be reviewed.
GASI: -This is also our facing issue. It is impossible to find any violations with prior notices. Our inspectors are willing to conduct unplanned inspections if the law is revised.
700 PEOPLE BECAME VICTIMS OF CAR ACCIDENTS SINCE JANUARY, OF WHITCH 40 PERCENT WERE CHILDREN
President: -A serious incident occurred on social media last week. How is the action on cybercrime prevention?
National Police Agency (NPA): -The UNFRIEND movement against cybercrime reached over 6.1 million people in a double counting. In cooperation with the Communication and Information Technology Authority, the preparatory works of an influence campaign is currently underway. Also, the NPA has established a unit to fight against cybercrime.
President criticizes Cabinet's lack of response to capital punishment
At the end of the meeting, the President concluded the reports of Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, Authority for Family, Child and Youth Development, MECSS and Education Department of the Capital as inadequate and complimented the GASI, NPA and Traffic Police Authority for their effective actions. He then highlighted the growing numbers of child abuse and its recurrence, which is around 2-3 cases per day, and warned to focus on the issue. He remarked, “I submitted a request to revive capital punishment on child abusers; however, the Cabinet did not respond yet.”