|“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ||Mongolian Business Database||London UK|
|SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA||The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW)||Plano Texas June 17-18 2019|
|"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award||ICC WTO||London|
A high-level meeting on the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade deal will take place in Japan later this month.
The 2-day conference will be held following an agreement reached at a meeting in Vietnam in May, which was attended by ministers of the 11 parties to the TPP deal. The United States withdrew from the pact in January.
By making as few revisions to the deal as possible, the Japanese government hopes to reach a broad agreement before the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in November.
But government officials say that, while countries such as Canada and Australia are positive, Malaysia and Vietnam are cautious about implementing the pact without the US.
Germany's biggest bank has rejected a request by US House Democrats to provide details of President Donald Trump's finances. Deutsche Bank is citing privacy laws.
The bank provided multimillion dollar loans to Trump’s real-estate business before his political career.
"We respectfully disagree with the suggestion that Deutsche Bank freely may reveal confidential financial information in response to requests from individual members of Congress," Deutsche's counsel said in a letter seen by Reuters.
Maxine Waters and four fellow Democrats have demanded Deutsche disclose the information about Trump’s bank account.
"Trump has made it entirely clear that he has a lot to hide, and it appears that Deutsche Bank is willing to cover for him," Waters wrote to the news agency.
"Efforts by Trump, his family members and associates, and Deutsche Bank to avoid scrutiny only intensify our resolve to follow the Trump money trail,” she added.
In June, a disclosure document published by the US Office of Government Ethics showed liabilities for Trump of at least $130 million to Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas.
The Democrats don’t have the power to make Deutsche Bank disclose the information. The Financial Services Committee can issue a subpoena, but the Republicans, who are in the majority, would have to agree.
Ikh Uul soum in Khuvsgul Province opened Mongolia’s first mobile factory for milk powder on June 24 through a campaign for meat and milk production, launched in January 2017 by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry.
Within the scope of the campaign, MDM LLC initiated the Mongolian Milk Powder project to build mobile dairy factories in 60 soums of 19 provinces in Mongolia. The new factory opened in Ikh Uul soum is the first factory constructed through the project. The project executors predict that they will be able to create up to 2,000 new full-time jobs and increase income of over 20,000 herders through better milk supply chains.
According to MDM LLC, the factory is capable of drying 80 liters of milk in an hour and producing 1.5 tons of milk powder a day.
“There’s a need to utilize unused milk in soums, meet the national demand for milk and dairy products through domestic production, substitute dairy imports and boost exportation. Active participation of the private and public sectors and their cooperation is greatly significant to developing the dairy sector, which would help resolve the issue at hand,” said D.Sovd, a monitoring specialist at the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry.
“The ministry started collaboration with Mongol Dry Milk LLC to carry out the Mongolian Milk Powder project to meet domestic milk and dairy product demands using milk resources in soums and ultimately increase dairy exports.”
Prime Minister J.Erdenebat testing the milk drying machine
Prime Minister J.Erdenebat testing the milk drying machine
The project will be carried out through 2025, according to Director of Mongol Dry Milk LLC E.Erdenebileg, who says he is confident that the mobile factories to be built through the project will play a big role in the development of Mongolia.
“Drying milk will not only cut transportation cost of milk by tenfold but also provide the opportunity to store and supply milk to domestic dairy factories throughout the year,”said E.Erdenebileg.
Data-sharing business Dropbox Inc is seeking to hire underwriters for an initial public offering that could come later this year, which would make it the biggest U.S. technology company to go public since Snap Inc (SNAP.N), people familiar with the matter said on Friday.
The IPO will be a key test of Dropbox's worth after it was valued at almost $10 billion in a private fundraising round in 2014.
Dropbox will begin interviewing investment banks in the coming weeks, the sources said, asking not to be named because the deliberations are private.
Dropbox declined to comment.
Several big U.S. technology companies such as Uber Technologies Inc and Airbnb Inc have resisted going public in recent months, concerned that stock market investors, who focus more on profitability than do private investors, would assign lower valuations to them.
Snap, owner of the popular messaging app Snapchat, was forced to lower its IPO valuation expectations earlier this year amid investor concern over its unproven business model. Its shares have since lingered just above the IPO price, with investors troubled by widening losses and missed analyst estimates. It has a market capitalization of $21 billion.
Still, for many private companies, there is increasing pressure to go pubic as investors look to cash out.
Proceeds from technology IPOs slumped to $6.7 billion in2015 from $34 billion in 2014, and shrunk further to $2.9 billion in 2016, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Dropbox's main competitor, Box Inc (BOX.N), was valued at roughly $1.67 billion in its IPO in 2015, less than the $2.4 billion it had been valued at in previous private fundraising rounds.
San Francisco-based Dropbox, which was founded in 2007 by Massachusetts Institute of Technology graduates Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowsi, counts Sequoia Capital, T. Rowe Price and Greylock Partners as investors.
Dropbox started as a free service for consumers to share and store photos, music and other large files. That business became commoditized though, as Alphabet Inc's (GOOGL.O) Google, Microsoft Corp (MSFT.O) and Amazon.com Inc (AMZN.O) started offering storage for free.
Dropbox has since pivoted to focus on winning business clients, and Houston, the company's CEO, has said that Dropbox is on track to generate more than $1 billion in revenue this year.
The company has expanded its Dropbox Business that requires companies to pay a fee based on the number of employees who use it. The service in January began offering Smart Sync, which allows users to see and access all of their files, whether stored in the cloud or on a local hard drive, from their desktop.
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Mongolia has started exporting meat to Iran in the frames of ‘Meat and Milk Campaign I’.
A 4000 tons of mutton, the first batch of meat to be exported to the county in scope of an agreement reached between ‘Eco Food Trading’ LLC and ‘Darkhan Meat Foods’ LLC, was thus transported to Iran last Friday.
The meat export to Iran expands Mongolia’s foreign export market, noted the authorities of the two companies.
Mongolia is capable of exporting more than 100 thousand tons of meat per annum. If Mongolia can fully utilize this capability, the quality of Mongolian meat will be widely acknowledged in international market which will improve the livelihood of herders, the corresponding Ministry sees.
Just when you thought coal was out, the fossil fuel appears to be back on the burner.
In a sharp reversal of 2016, the world's biggest coal producers – China, the U.S and India – are mining more coal, despite efforts by the 2015 Paris climate accord to rein in carbon dioxide and other emissions believed to cause global warming. President Donald Trump recently announced he is pulling the U.S. out of the agreement.
The Associated Press reports that coal production through May is up by at least 121 million tonnes for the top 3 coal producers – a 6% increase from the same period last year. The most dramatic rise is in the United States, where coal mining rose 19% in the first five months of the year.
The reasons for this year’s turnaround include policy shifts in China, changes in U.S. energy markets and India’s continued push to provide electricity to more of its poor, industry experts said. President Donald Trump’s role as coal’s booster-in-chief in the U.S. has played at most a minor role, they said.
The up-turn in coal use contrasts with a report released two weeks ago from BP Plc, which said that in 2016, U.S. demand for coal plummeted 33.4 million tons of oil equivalent to 358.4 million – a level not seen since the 1970s. China, the world's largest energy consumer, burned the least coal in six years. Consumption of coal fell in every continent except Africa last year.
Other recent coal news continues to support the thesis that the fossil fuel is in decline. Three days ago the Chinese government announced that it will not allow coal imports at small ports from July 1, in a move likely to tighten supply of the fuel during summer and support a further rally in prices. Coking coal futures in China soared almost 8 percent last Thursday.
And on June 21, Coal India, the world’s largest producer, said it is closing 37 mines before March next year as it said they are no longer economically viable due to increasing competition from renewable energy sources.
China has committed to capping its greenhouse gases by 2030 and last year shut down hundreds of coal mines, while also forcing others to reduce hours. The measures were aimed at reducing coal supply and boosting prices, though the Chinese government has since relaxed that policy and production is rebounding, states AP.
After an inconclusive vote in Mongolia’s June 26 presidential election, candidates from the north Asian country’s two most prominent political parties will face off in a second round on July 7.
Mongolia’s relationship with China, particularly regarding its economy, has been a major topic in the election. Ninety percent of Mongolia’s exports go to its southern neighbor, with the main export products being coal and minerals including gold and copper. China wants to invest in infrastructure to mine and move these exports quicker, but can only do so if allowed by the Mongolian government.
Battulga Khaltmaa, candidate for the conservative-leaning Democratic Party and former transport minister, has expressed concern about growing Chinese economic involvement in Mongolia.
In an emailed statement to Reuters, Battulga said that while China “must be a great partner of [Mongolia]”, “rail and transportation for any country is both a national security and an economic issue”.
When resources run out, “there will definitely be conflict between the Mongolians and the Chinese”, he said in a 2014 interview.
Enkhbold Miyegombo of the ruling Mongolian People’s Party is less suspicious of Chinese motives for investment.
The People’s Party was once known as the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and served as the Soviet-backed communist regime in Mongolia from the 1920s to the end of the Cold War. The MPRP of today split off from the People’s Party and was represented in the initial vote by candidate Ganbaatar Sainkhuu.
According to one party official in a Reuters interview, he is “open to foreign investment from all countries, that of course includes investment from China”.
The official also said that “the reality for today is we have the supply, China has the demand,” but added that Mongolia needed to diversify and “reduce inappropriate dependence” on one country.
There have been several political conflicts between the two countries in recent years. About a week after the exiled Tibetan religious leader, the Dalai Lama, visited Mongolia in 2016, China reportedly closed an important border crossing that left hundreds of truck drivers stuck at the border for hours and even days.
Al Jazeera reported that a loan deal Mongolia was negotiating with China to ease its financial situation had been cancelled by China, also because of the Dalai Lama’s visit. Mongolia is “paying a very heavy economic price for putting religious freedom ahead of economic necessity,” Al Jazeera reported.
A 2014 agreement with China’s Shenhua Group was blocked by the Mongolian parliament the following year because of disputes about the width of the track. According to a Business News Europe report, then-transport minister Battulga argued that “tanks can easily penetrate into Mongolia in no time if we build a railway with a [narrower] gauge track, the same used in China.”
In the initial vote on June 26, Battulga won 38.1 percent, while the People’s Party’s Enkhbold won 30.3 percent. Ganbaatar Sainkhuu of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party gained 30.2 percent....
Starting from July 1, following laws will come into effect.
Criminal Code /Revised version/
Criminal Procedure Code /Revised/
Law on Offence /Revised/
Offence Procedure Law /Revised/
Law on the Elderly /Revised/
Law on Social Welfare Allowance for the Elderly with State Merit /Revised/
Law on Youth
Law on Auto Road /Revised/
Maritime Law /Revised/
Law on Decision of Civil Cases in the Court /Revised/
Law on Prosecutor /Revised/
Already on 10 February 1922, the People’s Government of Mongolia signed a landmark resolution that brought a significant coal deposit in Nalaikh city under state control. By the end of the year, exploration on the deposit was complete, ushering in what is today considered the birth of the mining sector in the country.
In the 96 years that have followed, the mining industry has undergone a number of transformations as its role in Mongolia’s economy has steadily grown into one of its leading sectors of growth, responsible for producing 21 percent of its GDP, 70 percent of its total industrial output and 90 percent of its export product.
Coal, copper and gold form the principle reserves that are mined in abundance across Mongolia. The country hosts approximately ten percent of the world’s known coal reserves at an estimated 162 billion tonnes.
It took Mongolia a while to shake down since shaking off Soviet influence in 1990 and ceasing to call itself a people's republic, but today this huge, sparsely populated country is democratic, peaceful and stable. Its readily accessible mineral wealth has started to attract major mining companies seeking new resources and with copper and gold prices firming up following a four-year downturn.
Since it floated on the Australian Stock Exchange in May 2010, the Australian exploration company Xanadu Mines has been single-mindedly pursuing its goal of adding value to its properties in the South Gobi district of Mongolia.
Its Managing Director and CEO Dr Andrew Stewart has long held the view that Mongolia had the edge on other comparable regions:
“We like Mongolia because it is a very under-explored exploration location, even though it has been shown to host some of the biggest copper deposits in the world,” adds Stewart.
He points for evidence to Rio Tinto's massive Oyu Tolgoi project, only 100 kilometres from Xanadu's flagship Kharmagtai project in the south of the country. With the cost of bringing it into production estimated at close to $10 billion, the Oyu Tolgoi mining project represents the largest financial undertaking in Mongolia’s history.
“Mongolia is God's gift to explorers! A junior company like Xanadu can explore relatively cheaply,” he says.
There are comparable reserves in the world, but most of these are located in remote jungle, at high altitude, places with high rainfall or, like the beleaguered Grasberg mine in Indonesia, beset with political disruption.
While Xanadu's peers are drilling at a cost of up to $600 a metre, Xanadu's costs come in at around $100, thanks to the open nature of the terrain plus the fact that all of the roads, power, water and other services that are required are already in place.
“Particularly at Kharmagtai, this is the benefit gained from the infrastructure that goes in when one of the world's biggest mining companies builds a tier one asset next door to our project,” he admits.
All three projects that Xanadu is developing are in highly prospective deposits. The gold element is a critical differentiator between these Mongolian resources and others in South and Central America for example.
“These porphyry copper resources we see in Mongolia are probably the biggest gold resources globally,” he says.
These are precisely the type of deposit that the major mining companies are turned on by at a time when there is a scarcity of new resources on the one hand while on the other global economic uncertainties are encouraging investors to take refuge in gold.
Kharmagtai, with a 30-year mining licence and a registered water resource, is the most active currently, and he estimates that it will take another year to define.
The deposit starts at the surface, giving the opportunity for early production upside from an open pit, but in the longer term there is a great deal more value deeper down. Xanadu’s local drilling contractor Litho Resources has already gone down 650 metres, with some excellent intercepts, but by mid-2018 he expects it to reach as far as a kilometre.
The demand for copper from Japan, China and Russia, with ready logistical access to all of these markets, boosted by the global thirst for gold, will make Xanadu Mines a tempting target for the majors, though the company does not by any means rule out the possibility that the they might build its own mines either alone or in partnership....
Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc. and Mizuho Financial Group Inc. are in a neck-and-neck race to be the biggest lead arrangers of lending to the renewable energy industry in the first half of the year, highlighting the more active financing role for Japanese banks in clean energy.
Tokyo-based MUFG has the edge over Mizuho in writing project finance loans to clean-energy developers for the period, according to data compiled by Bloomberg New Energy Finance. As of Thursday, MUFG was credited with $1.697 billion of asset financing, compared with $1.662 billion for Mizuho, the BNEF data show.
Japan’s support for renewables since the Fukushima disaster in 2011 and the search for steady yields outside the country have helped push the nation’s lenders into the top tiers among their global rivals. In 2011, only MUFG was in the top five lenders exposed to asset finance deals in clean energy, according to BNEF. Last year, three of the five biggest lenders were Japanese.
“Japan’s megabanks have been expanding on the back of heightened interest in renewables such as solar after the earthquake and tsunami in Tohoku,” said Takashi Miura, an analyst at Credit Suisse Group AG in Tokyo. “And they’re also doing more because they can secure relatively good margins.”
MUFG’s focus on lending to solar, wind and geothermal projects in the first half has helped solidify its hold on the top position among global financial institutions that it assumed last year when it passed Banco Santander SA. Mizuho, which was fifth in lending to clean-energy developers in 2016, is aiming to challenge MUFG with a push beyond solar and wind into other areas such as biomass.
“Mega solar has been our focus since 2012,” Toshikazu Tanaka, head of the project finance team at Mizuho, said in an interview at the bank’s Tokyo headquarters. “The business environment for power producers is changing and solar may not expand as much as it did before. We will work on expansion into new fields.”
Mizuho’s focus on other clean-energy sources comes after tariffs for solar power producers in Japan dropped by nearly half since 2012 to 21 yen a kilowatt-hour this year. A change in government backing is also underway since the introduction of new rules in April, with photovoltaic projects of 2 megawatts in capacity or larger now subject to auctions.
In February, Mizuho provided a $586.5 million loan for a wind portfolio in Texas and Oklahoma, the largest loan the bank provided so far this year, according to BNEF data. Mizuho was the sole lender to the 700-megawatt projects sponsored by Duke Energy Corp., according to the bank.
“The ratio of renewables in global power demand is steadily increasing and clean energy is also expanding outside developed countries,” Kazunobu Takahara, a spokesman for MUFG said. “We will continue our active financing for renewables projects.”
As for Mizuho, five of the 11 projects it financed were for solar projects in Japan this year as of Thursday. The bank also funded two photovoltaic stations in the U.S. and the 80-megawatt Muara Laboh geothermal plant by Engie SA, Sumitomo Corp., and PT Supreme Energy.
Mizuho is betting on continuing developments of offshore wind projects in Europe, according to Toru Miyabe, head of the power team at the bank’s global project finance department.
Currently, offshore wind capacity totals more than 13 gigawatts worldwide, with nearly 90 percent of installations in Europe. Offshore capacity is expected to reach 174 gigawatts by 2040, according a BNEF forecast released on June 15....