1 COPPER MINER'S $10B BET COMES TO LIFE IN PANAMA JUNGLE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      2 TRADE UNIONS REQUEST PM TO FOCUS ON INTEREST RATE CUT WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      3 MONGOLIA’S HOURLY WAGE TO REACH USD 1 WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      4 US NARCOTICS BY POST TO MONGOLIA! THREE ARRESTED WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      5 WRITER D.URIANKHAI NOMINATED FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      6 MONGOLIA-CHINA-RUSSIA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR BENEFITS ALL SIDES: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      7 SOLAR EMPOWERMENT OF NOMADS IN RURAL MONGOLIA WWW.GREENOPTIMISTIC.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      8 MONGOLIA, CUBA TO BOOST BILATERAL RELATIONS WWW.PLENGLISH.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      9 GOOGLE OUTLINES $13BN US INVESTMENT WWW.BBC.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/14      10 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY TO COOPERATE WITH JAPAN’S MIZUHO BANK WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/14      “ОЮУ ТОЛГОЙ” КОМПАНИ 570 ТОННЫ ДААЦТАЙ CAT БРЭНДИЙН ГИДРАВЛИК ЭСКВАТОРООР ХҮЧЭЭ СЭЛБЭЛЭЭ WWW.GOGO.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ӨРХИЙН САРЫН ДУНДАЖ ОРЛОГО 78,000 ТӨГРӨГӨӨР ӨССӨН Ч ЗАРЛАГА ДАВСАН ХЭВЭЭР БАЙНА WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АВСТРАЛИЙН ЭЛЧИН САЙД ДЭВИД МЭТЬЮ ВОСЭН ИТГЭМЖЛЭХ ЖУУХ БИЧГЭЭ ӨРГӨН БАРИВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2018 ОНД МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ЭДИЙН ЗАСАГ 6.9 ХУВИАР ӨСЛӨӨ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МХБ: II/15-НЫ БАЙДЛААР 8 КОМПАНИ ХЭХ-ЫН ТОВОО ГАРГААД БАЙНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2017 ОНД 1.9 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АЛДАГДАЛТАЙ АЖИЛЛАСАН “УЛААНБААТАР БҮК” 2018 ОНД 566 САЯ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АШИГТАЙ АЖИЛЛАВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ОРХОН ТҮҮХИЙ НҮҮРСНЭЭС ТАТГАЛЗСАН АНХНЫ АЙМАГ БОЛНО WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АТГ-ААС НЭР БҮХИЙ 6 ШҮҮГЧИЙГ ШАЛГАЖ ЭХЭЛЖЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МОНГОЛ УЛС ДЭЛХИЙН 77 ОРОНД БАРАА ЭКСПОРТОЛСНООС ХЯТАДАД 93%-ИЙГ НЬ НИЙЛҮҮЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14     АВТО МАШИНЫ ИМПОРТ 2018 ОНД 30% ӨСӨЖ, 86,296-Д ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Alibaba bringing Belt, Road benefits to SMEs www.chinadaily.com

The marketing and technological power of e-commerce giant Alibaba Group is working with President Xi Jinping's signature global economic vision to bring smaller firms into global commerce on a huge scale.

The budding marriage of one of China's commerce powerhouses and the Belt and Road Initiative is bolstering China's ability to expand global trade for small businesses.

Alibaba is marching into North America by cohosting a trade fair with small merchants from Canada and China in September, Canadian Ambassador to China John McCallum said on Sunday on the sidelines of the 2017 China Green Companies Summit in Henan province.

Jack Ma, Alibaba executive chairman, attending the same meeting, said such moves are part of a broader goal to "expand in line with the Belt and Road Initiative".

"We have plans for Canada, India and Japan, and we have plans for the Belt and Road Initiative," Ma said, without elaborating. Ma said policymakers and business leaders need to come up with new rules and laws to strengthen trade and development.

To build e-commerce infrastructure and enhance regional connectivity, Alibaba has launched a virtual hub with easier entry for smaller firms in Malaysia, and also plans a hub in Thailand. Alibaba payment affiliate Ant Financial plans Alipay-like mobile payment services this year in other economies related to the Belt and Road.

Wang Jian, an economics professor at the University of International Business and Economics, said: "Small and medium-sized enterprises contribute to 95 percent of global economic growth. Through the initiative, the private sector can play its part in revisiting and potentially revising rules of world trade through business practices."

The initiative aims to unlock the potential of SMEs by enhancing connectivity, and e-commerce is a critical channel to reach that goal, said Zhao Lei, a professor at Institute for International Strategic Studies at the Central Party School of the Communist Party of China.

The initiative is important for the world, said Paul Kavanagh, Ambassador of Ireland to China. "It is a very open-minded cooperation initiative that welcomes all partners ... . It is very flexible, rather than building strict structures and protocols that constrain cooperation," Kavanagh said.

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Euro jumps as Macron emerges as favorite to lead France www.cnn.com

Investors breathed a sigh of relief after pro-European reformer Emmanuel Macron emerged as the front runner to become the next French president.
The former economics minister and investment banker beat far-right leader Marine Le Pen into second place in the first round of voting Sunday. They will face off in a second round on May 7.
The euro jumped against the dollar to its highest level since November as investors bet that the chances of Le Pen winning power were fading. Stocks got a lift too -- futures markets indicated gains of more than 0.5% for the main Dow Jones and S&P indexes.
Deutsche Bank's director of foreign exchange strategy Sebastien Galy called Sunday's vote the "perfect scenario for the market."

Le Pen, leader of the National Front, campaigned on a threat to dump the euro and pull France out of the European Union.
Losing its second biggest member could spell the end of the eurozone, and tip the region into recession, economists had warned before the vote.
Analysts say the fact that opinion polls had consistently predicted a Macron-Le Pen run-off could boost market confidence because the polls suggest Macron should win easily in a second round.
"That's what the foreign exchange market is going to trade off in the days ahead and indeed is already doing," said Kit Juckes, strategist at Societe Generale.
euro dollar chart france election
Macron has already won pledges of support from two defeated rivals -- center right candidate Francois Fillon and Benoit Hamon, the candidate of outgoing President Francois Hollande's Socialist Party. Together Fillon and Hamon won about 25% of the vote in Sunday's first round.
That mainstream backing could be crucial for Macron in the second round of the election, given he is running without the support of an established political party.
And assuming he wins the presidency on May 7, he will need broad support in the French parliament to turn his policy promises into legislation.

"Chances are that France will get the economic reforms it needs to revive its fortunes and catch up with Germany," said Holger Schmieding, chief economist at Berenberg bank. Europe could benefit too from a renewed effort by France and Germany to strengthen the cohesion of the eurozone, he added.
Macron has promised to cut corporate tax rates gradually to 25% from the current 33%. He also wants to make France's 35-hour work week more flexible, and slash housing taxes for most people.

What to know about Emmanuel Macron
He has pledged to cut public spending by €60 billion ($64 billion) a year, and plans an economic stimulus package worth €50 billion over five years.
Macron is a free trade supporter and campaigned in favor of the EU's new agreement with Canada.

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Local, global security firms in race along China's 'Silk Road' www.reuters.com

By Brenda Goh, Michael Martina and Christian Shepherd | SHANGHAI/BEIJING
Global security companies and their smaller Chinese rivals are jostling for business along Beijing's modern-day "Silk Road", the grandiose plan for land and sea routes connecting the world's second largest economy with the rest of Asia and beyond.

Representing investments of hundreds of billions of dollars, the pet project of Chinese President Xi Jinping is seen boosting economic growth at home, and as positive for everything from steel prices to cement makers.

Security firms also expect to tap the rush, offering to protect thousands of Chinese workers - and the pipelines, roads, railways and power plants they build - as they fan out across the world under the "One Belt, One Road" (OBOR) initiative.

It won't be easy, however, with executives warning that state-owned enterprises running or planning projects from Africa to Vietnam sometimes prefer to deal with fellow Chinese, treat safety as an afterthought and try to keep costs to a minimum.

"OBOR is a lifetime (of work) for us," said John Jiang, managing director of Chinese Overseas Security Group (COSG).

The small consortium of security providers was set up early last year and operates in six countries: Pakistan, Turkey, Mozambique, Cambodia, Malaysia and Thailand.

"In eight years' time, we want to run a business that can cover 50-60 countries, which fits with the One Belt One Road coverage," Jiang told Reuters.

Chinese personnel are essentially barred under Chinese law, and that of many host nations they work in, from carrying or using weapons.

Instead, COSG and its rivals usually work with and train local staff and focus on logistics and planning.

In Pakistan, for example, where attacks by militants and separatist insurgents are considered a serious threat, COSG has a joint venture with a local security firm with links to Pakistan's navy.

The Pakistani army also plans to provide 14-15,000 armed personnel dedicated to guarding Chinese projects, according to local media reports.

The $57 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, the largest single project under the OBOR banner, envisages roads, railways, pipelines and power lines that link China's western reaches with the Arabian Sea via Pakistan.

CHINESE VERSUS INTERNATIONAL

Major international security operators hope their scale and experience can convince China's price-conscious state-owned giants to pay for foreign expertise.

Firms like Control Risks and G4S (GFS.L) offer staff with military backgrounds and decades of experience in risky regions around the world.

G4S said it had seen an acceleration of interest in its services since OBOR began gaining traction.

Michael Humphreys, a Shanghai-based partner at Control Risks, said around a third of the security consultancy's work in China was related to OBOR.

Hong Kong-based logistics firm Frontier Services Group (0500.HK), co-founded by Erik Prince who created the U.S. military security services business Blackwater, announced in December it was shifting strategy to capitalize on OBOR.

It plans to set up an office in the southwestern province of Yunnan, which adjoins Southeast Asia, and another base in Xinjiang in China's west, the starting point for the CPEC project crossing Pakistan.

Smaller Chinese firms like COSG, Shanghai-based Weldon Security and Dewei Security, meanwhile, see their advantage over multinationals in state-owned enterprises' preference for hiring Chinese to handle sensitive projects.

Only a handful of the estimated 5,800 Chinese security companies operate overseas, with the vast majority focusing on the domestic market.

"For Chinese firms, especially with security work, they (state companies) want to speak with another Chinese person. We can also one hundred percent reflect their thinking when we work," said Dewei general manager Hao Gang.

NO EASY SELL

Security risks facing Chinese workers abroad are varied and often unpredictable.

Yu Xuezhao, a former soldier working in Kenya for Dewei, is helping to train hundreds of local guards to protect Chinese contractors operating there, including oil giant Sinopec (600028.SS) and China Road and Bridge.

Africa, where China invested long before OBOR was formally created, is considered a part of the initiative.

"The most common incidents we encounter are thefts and strikes," 27-year-old Yu said, speaking from a training compound in the Kenyan capital Nairobi he has managed since 2015. "We train security guards to inspect cars and do ground patrols."

Events can quickly escalate.

In 2015, for example, an attack on a hotel in Mali killed three workers at a Chinese state firm, leading to calls by Beijing for beefed up security.

Officials revealed then that 350 security incidents had occurred between 2010-2015 involving Chinese firms abroad.

Such concerns do not easily translate into lucrative contracts, however.

In some cases, security companies are called in to deal with an emergency rather than to coordinate a long-term strategy.

"For a lot of companies, they come to us when they've (already) got a problem," said Humphreys of Control Risks.

"They've started the project and they can't move it forward because they have a labor dispute or someone is throwing petrol bombs at their trucks."

Hao and other Chinese security executives added that most state-owned enterprises were building their overseas security capabilities from a low base.

"A lot of the larger state-owned enterprises have only just started to go out in the last few years. As such, overseas security work remains a blank space for those firms who had not gone out before," he said.Some Chinese experts said companies operating abroad were beginning to think more about the importance of safety.

"This is something Chinese companies need to study more," said Lu Guiqing, general manager of private builder Zhongnan Group and former chief economist at China State Construction Engineering Corporation.

"When you 'go out' safety is the most important. What's the point if you end up losing people?"

(Additional reporting by Joseph Campbell in BEIJING and George Ng'ang'a in NAIROBI; Editing by Mike Collett-White)

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IFC International Finance : and CGDC Launch Corporate Secretary Club in Mongolia to Promote Good Governance www.4-traders.com

 
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, April 24, 2017-IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, and the Corporate Governance Development Center (CGDC) have launched a corporate secretary club to promote best governance practices so that members can better advise their company board and management on governance matters.
More than 30 corporate secretaries from leading Mongolian commercial banks and other corporations attended the launch in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, on Wednesday. The club provides a venue for corporate secretaries to network, discuss governance challenges and international trends, and undergo training to become senior governance professionals.
'Traditionally people view a board secretary as the CEO's assistant, but the role is evolving and we see a need to improve public recognition and understanding of what a corporate secretary does,' said Tsend-Ayush Tuvshintur, Chief Executive Officer of the Corporate Governance Development Center. 'The club offers professional growth opportunities to help our members become champions of corporate governance in their companies. We believe the club will greatly contribute to improving corporate governance practices in Mongolia.'
Since 2015, IFC has been cooperating with CGDC to increase market awareness of corporate governance, improve governance-related regulations, and advise individual companies on enhancing their corporate governance practices.
'IFC has been working with both regulators and the private sector to strengthen corporate governance standards in Mongolian companies,' said Tuyen D. Nguyen, IFC Resident Representative in Mongolia. 'We believe this initiative will further enhance corporate leadership and governance, making Mongolian companies more competitive and attractive to global investors.'
Since 2009, IFC has been supporting Mongolia's efforts to enhance corporate governance practices, including the development of a corporate governance scorecard in 2013 and regulations governing related-party disclosures to protect the interests of minority investors. These efforts are part of the broader IFC Corporate Governance Program in East Asia and the Pacific, which is funded by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs of Switzerland.
Globally and across the region, IFC leverages its private sector development expertise to promote good governance practices at different levels of a market and help attract investment. The program helps regulatory bodies strengthen laws and regulations, builds the capacity of local partners and market intermediaries, advises individual firms on corporate governance improvements, and supports various awareness-raising activities. In East Asia Pacific, direct engagements with companies facilitated more than $852 million in financing due in part to corporate governance improvements and over 7,300 executives were trained through workshops conducted by IFC partners as of December 2016.
 
 
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Mongolia: Petro Matad awarded PSC extensions for Mongolia Blocks IV and V www.energy-pedia.com

 
Petro Matad has been awarded extensions to the PSC exploration periods for Blocks IV and V to 29 July 2019. The Company is also in active drilling rig contract and farmout negotiations, with two exploration wells planned for 2017.
 
PSC Extensions - Blocks IV and V
 
The Company has received an official letter from the Mining Resources and Petroleum Authority of Mongolia (MRPAM), dated 20 April 2017, confirming MRPAM's intent to extend the PSC exploration periods for Blocks IV and V by 2 years to 29 July 2019. The letter states that MRPAM sees no objections or issues in the extension and is currently undergoing the administrative process of the extension.
 
Petro Matad is of an opinion that the administrative process is in advances stages and expects the formal extension to be issued by MRPAM within the next month.
 
Drilling rig and services tender
 
As referenced in earlier announcements, the Company continues to negotiate the terms of the drilling rig and services contract. The Company expects to be able to announce the name of the successful bidder within the next two-weeks. Rig-mobilization to the first drilling site will commence within four-weeks of contract award. The Company remains on track to drill two exploration wells in 2017.
 
Farmout
 
The Company's farmout and funding processes are ongoing and the Company continues to be in active discussion with a number of parties.
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Mitsubishi Heavy doubling down on Areva with fresh investment www.asia.nikkei.com

TOKYO -- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries has reached a broad agreement to purchase about 15% of French nuclear energy giant Areva's reactor unit, venturing deeper into a business with uncertain prospects that has sent others pulling out.

The Japanese engineering firm and Electricite de France, the state-backed utility that has agreed to acquire reactor maker Areva NP, have reached a deal that will have Mitsubishi Heavy invest 40 billion yen ($366 million) for the stake. This would boost Mitsubishi Heavy's total investment in the Areva group to more than 70 billion yen.

EDF has turned to Mitsubishi Heavy, an existing Areva partner, for help pulling the nuclear energy company out of a financial pit. Areva had logged total losses equivalent to more than 1 trillion yen through 2016, marking its sixth year in the red amid mounting challenges such as delays in a Finnish nuclear power plant project.

China's state-owned China General Nuclear Power, which is developing reactors based on French technology and runs 19 power plants, is also in talks to take around a 15% stake in Areva NP. Sources close to the matter say a basic agreement is targeted for May, and that other companies could join the effort.

Areva recently cut money-losing operations loose and brought nuclear fuel cycle operations, including the fuel recycling business, together under NewCo. Mitsubishi Heavy and Japan Nuclear Fuel each paid 250 million euros ($268 million at current rates) for a 5% stake in the unit, in which the French government also holds a hefty interest. EDF is poised to acquire more than 51% in Areva NP, which handles such operations as large nuclear reactors.

In deep

Mitsubishi Heavy and Areva have been business partners since 2006, creating a joint venture that exports midsize nuclear reactors to developing nations. But the two have not broken ground on a new-model reactor since the meltdowns at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi power plant in March 2011, which spurred worldwide efforts to improve nuclear safety.

Mitsubishi Heavy President Shunichi Miyanaga has called further investments "safe," as "all risk has been isolated" with the spinoff of unprofitable businesses. But the Japanese partner may also be doubling down out of a sense that it is in too deep to pull out: "If we withdraw at this stage, we would be throwing away all of the money we spent developing new reactors," a source at the company said.

With large losses on its cruise ship operations and severe delays on delivery of its Mitsubishi Regional Jet, Mitsubishi Heavy hardly has money to spare toward risky investments. If the company is to expand involvement in the nuclear business, it will need to make sure the move pays off.

Recent developments are not encouraging for the industry. Vietnam last year scrapped plans for nuclear plants thought to be a sure win for Japanese builders. The feasibility study for a planned Turkish project is dragging on far longer than anticipated. Toshiba apparently was driven into negative net worth by enormous losses at its U.S. nuclear unit Westinghouse Electric. Germany's Siemens has pulled out of the nuclear business entirely, and others could do the same.

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China opens new freight train service to Moscow www.chinadaily.com

XIAMEN - A new freight train service started on Friday linking the east China port city of Xiamen with Moscow, making it the newest China-Europe freight train route.

At 9:30 am, the train with 40 containers left the station from Xiamen Free Trade Zone carrying goods worth $363,000 including granite, lighting supplies, artificial flowers and shoes for Moscow.

A single trip on the 10,920-km route takes 13 to 14 days. Without the direct train service, it used to take at least 25 days to transport goods.

The train route connects the eastern and northeastern Chinese cities of Nanchang, Nanjing, Jinan and Jinzhou, and crosses the border via Manzhouli Port in North China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region.

Jiang Jingdong, assistant general manager of Xiamen Haicang Free Trade Port Zone Investment and Construction Management Co Ltd, said the service is still in trial operations with three trips from Xiamen to Moscow per month. The freight train service will be normalized in the second half of this year.

Huang Changhong, manager of Trans-China Logistics Co Ltd, said that trade between Xiamen and Russia is complementary. Xiamen and its surrounding cities are export-oriented with machinery equipment and shoemaking industries, while it imports wood, paper pulp and vegetable oil from Russia.

Lin Jiangfan, an official with Xiamen Haicang Free Trade Port Zone, said that as the host city of the 2017 BRICS Summit slated for September, Xiamen welcomes a closer partnership with Russia, one of the BRICS countries. The Xiamen-Moscow freight train service could also strengthen the Belt and Road Initiative, driving trade in Xiamen.

In 2016, exports from Xiamen to Russia reached more than 5 billion yuan ($727 million), and imports from Russia totaled 1.9 billion yuan.

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Coking coal price correction turns into crash www.mining.com

The price of coking coal plunged again on Friday with the industry benchmark price tracked by the Steel Index dropping 9% or $26.10 to $263.40 a tonne as supply disruption following tropical storms in Australia begin to ease.

Last week the price of Australia free-on-board premium hard coking coal jumped to highest since the second quarter of 2011. That price spike was also the result of flooding in Queensland that saw quarterly contract prices negotiated at an all time high of $330.

While coking coal is returning to more expected levels, iron ore's unnerving decline appears to have been arrested
Cyclone Debbie caused serious damage to key rail lines serving mines in the state of Queensland and while three lines have now reopened according to operator Aurizon, but large sections of the Goonyella railroad in the centre of the network is only be expected to be up and running in a week's time.

Earlier expectations were that roughly 12–13 million tonnes of Australian met coal cargoes destined for China, India and Japan could be delayed, but Aurizon said this week up to 21 million tonnes have been affected.

A total of 221 million tonnes of coal was exported last year from Queensland, according to the Queensland Resources Council quoted by Reuters and of that at least 75% be steelmaking coal. The global met coal market is around 300 million tonnes per year with premium hard coking coal or PHCC constituting more than a third of the total market. More than half of PHCC seaborne coal come from Australian producers according to TSI data.

A survey of economist and investment bank analysts by FocusEconomics show prices are expected to decline substantially later this year. The median forecast is for met coal to average $146 per tonne in Q4 2017 and $130 during the final quarter next year. Coking coal averaged $121 a tonne in 2016.

Coking coal price correction turns into crash
While coking coal is returning to more expected levels, iron ore's unnerving decline – a third over just the last month – has now turned around.

The Northern China import price of 62% Fe content ore advanced for a third day on Friday trading at $67.40 a tonne, up 4.2% on the day and just into positive territory for the week. The steelmaking raw material after dipped to a six-month low of $61.50 per dry metric tonne on Tuesday according to data supplied by The Steel Index.

 
 
 
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Oyu Tolgoi to make US$ 800 million investment this year www.mongolia.gogo.mn

 
Bank of Mongolia today introduced macroeconomic situation in the first three months of 2017.
At the meeting, positive changes in the economic sector were highlighted.
- Oyu Tolgoi LLC to make US$ 800 million investment this year.
- Prices for coal, Mongolian major export product sharply increased in China.
- Government released Khuraldai bond worth US$ 600 million in order to pay Development bank bond. At that time, foreign investors ordered 30 times more US$ 600 million which proves that foreign investors are positively seeing our economy.
- Unemployment rate declined compared to last two years.
- Evaluation of credit rating agencies to Mongolian is stable.
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Vehicle emissions to be identified using remote sensing device www.montsame.mn

 
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has started measuring emissions of vehicles to identify their toxic contents. Some surveys show that 10 per cent of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar is caused by vehicle emissions. Therefore, the Minister of Road and Transportation Development issued an order to establish a working group in charge of studying air pollution, making conclusions and developing proposals on solving the problem. With a request by the working group and the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, the JICA team started the survey, experimentally placing Remote Sensing Device (RSD) nearby to the Bayanzurkh checkpoint on April 17.
The Remote Sensing Device (RSD) is a system that enables to individually measure the emissions of vehicles in motion (i.e. car, bus, truck, ship and train). Based on this technology, it is possible to create an inventory of the emission level of fleets and implement specific measures to improve the environment. RSD is placed at fixed locations or in mobile units to measure specific vehicle emissions using low-intensity infrared and ultraviolet beams. The device collects emissions data as vehicles are driven in normal everyday use without the need for a vehicle stop or even slow down.
The RSD system detects hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide and Oxides of Nitrogen. The data collected by the RSDs are used for a wide variety of high value applications focused on improving air quality and motor vehicle compliance. The recorded data generates an accurate snapshot of the traffic emission in a given timeline, allowing the creation of efficient mobility policies.
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