1 FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MONGOLIA’S ROAD TRANSPORT SECTOR BROADENING WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      2 MONGOLIA EXPRESSES READINESS TO CONTRIBUTE TO STRENGTHENING ASIA-EUROPE COOPERATION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      3 OYU TOLGOI FUNDED 35.1 KM ROAD OPENS IN KHANBOGD WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      4 POLYMER BITUMEN TO BE DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      5 KHURELBAATAR CHIMED: 319 ENTITIES DREW LOANS FROM TWO FUNDS WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      6 CONSTRUCTION OF TAVANTOLGOI-GASHUUNSUKHAIT ROAD TO BE INTENSIFIED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      7 OVER 30 MEASURES PLANNED FOR REDUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      8 MONGOLIA SAYS IT EARNS OVER 169 MLN USD FROM COAL EXPORTS TO CHINA IN JAN WWW.HELLENICSHIPPINGNEWS.COM  PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      9 RUSSIA’S GAZPROM TO START CHINA GAS PIPELINE BY DECEMBER 1 WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      10 MONGOLIA'S FOREIGN TRADE UP 41.6 PCT IN JAN. WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      УГСАРМАЛ ОРОН СУУЦНЫ ДУЛААЛГАД ЗОРИУЛЖ 12.7 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙГ УЛСЫН ТӨСВӨӨС ГАРГАХААР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018ОНД ЦАГААН БУДАА , ЭЛСЭН ЧИХЭР , ТАХИАНЫ МАХНЫ ИМПОРТ 24-32 ХУВИАР ӨСЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДЦС IV: 2018 ОНД НИЙТ АШИГ 4.7 ДАХИН ӨСӨЖ , 4.48 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ БОЛСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ТУСГАЙ САНГУУДААС ГАРГАСАН ЗЭЭЛИЙН 100 ОРЧИМ ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ ХУГАЦАА ХЭТЭРСЭН ӨР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН БОРЛУУЛАЛТЫН МЕНЕЖЕРҮҮДИЙН ИНДЕКС СҮҮЛИЙН 12 САРД АНХ УДАА УНАЛТЫН БҮСЭД ШИЛЖИВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018 ОНД ХАМГИЙН ЧИНЭЭЛЭГ БҮЛГИЙН ХЭРЭГЛЭЭ ЯДУУ БҮЛГИЙНХНЭЭС 5.1 ДАХИН ИХ БАЙВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ХОВД ГОЛД ОСОЛДСОН 6 НАСТАЙ ХҮҮХДИЙН ЭРЛИЙГ ЗОГСООЛОО WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДБНХ-НООС П.ОРХОНЫ БАРИЛДАХ ЭРХИЙГ 4 ЖИЛЭЭР ХАСАВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     УУХҮЯ: II САРЫН БАЙДЛААР НИЙТ НУТАГ ДЭВСГЭРИЙН 5.6 ХУВЬД АШИГТ МАЛТМАЛЫН ЛИЦЕНЗ ОЛГОСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     300 ОРТОЙ ТӨРӨХ ЭМНЭЛГИЙН БАРИЛГЫН АЖИЛ 80%-Д ХҮРЧ ГУРАВДУГААР САРЫН 1-НЭЭС ДУЛААНД ХОЛБОГДОХООР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

64x64

Apple aims for more control, less cost as it accelerates in chip design www.reuters.com

 
Apple Inc's decision to stop licensing graphics chips from Imagination Technologies Group Plc is the clearest example yet of the iPhone maker's determination to take greater control of the core technologies in its products - both to guard its hefty margins and to position it for future innovations, especially in so-called augmented reality.
 
The strategy, analysts say, has already reduced Apple's dependence on critical outside suppliers like ARM Holdings Plc, now owned by SoftBank Group Corp. Apple once relied heavily on ARM to design the main processor for the iPhone, but it now licenses only the basic ARM architecture and designs most of the chip itself.
 
More recently, when Apple bought the headphone company Beats Electronics, part of a $3 billion deal in 2014, it ripped out the existing, off-the-shelf communications chips and replaced them with its own custom-designed W1 Bluetooth chip.
 
"Apple clearly got rid of all the conventional suppliers and replaced about five chips with one," said Jim Morrison, vice president of TechInsights, a firm that examines the chips inside electronics devices.
 
"Today we do much more in-house development of fundamental technologies than we used to," Apple Chief Financial Officer Luca Maestri said at a February conference. "Think of the work we do on processors or sensors. We can push the envelope on innovation. We have better control over timing, over cost and over quality."
 
Most vendors of consumer electronics products rely on outside suppliers for chip design and development, primarily because it is extremely expensive. That has created huge opportunities for companies like ARM, Qualcomm Inc and Nvidia Corp, which have developed core technologies for processing, communications and graphics that are used by scores of vendors.
 
Now, though, Apple is so big that it can economically create its own designs, or license small pieces of others' work and build on it. As with ARM and Qualcomm, the actual manufacturing of the chips is still contracted out to a semiconductor foundry, such as those run by Samsung Electronics and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd.
 
MOVE FAST, SAVE MONEY
 
Bringing more of the design work in-house cuts complexity, people familiar with the processes say. Instead of managing one or more design teams and then a fabricator, Apple has only to manage the fabricator.
 
It may also help the company move faster - and save money - as it focuses on new technologies such as virtual and augmented reality. Apple CEO Tim Cook has indicated that Apple plans to integrate augmented reality into its products, which makes 3-D sensors and graphics chips like Imagination's especially important.
 
Even before formally cutting off Imagination, Apple had given hints that it was preparing to design its own graphics processors. Specifically, it introduced a piece of its own code called Metal for app developers. App developers use Metal to make their apps talk to the graphics chip on the iPhone.
 
By putting a piece of Apple-designed code between app developers and the phone's chip, Apple has made it possible to swap out the chip without interrupting how the developers work. That could also make it easier to bridge the gap for developers between the graphics chips on Apple's phones and its desktop computers, which currently require some separate coding.
 
“By promoting Metal instead of relying on other existing standards, Apple is not only able to control what graphics chip functionality is exposed at its own pace, but also blur the line for developers between coding for desktop and mobile GPUs," said Pius Uzamere, the founder of a virtual reality startup called Ether.
 
Taking control of the iPhone's chips can also help Apple keep costs down, which is especially important as it gears up for a feature-laden new iPhone this fall. Timothy Arcuri of Cowen & Co said in a research note that he thinks the curved screens expected on the new phone could add as much as $50 in cost, for example.
 
Shebly Seyrafi, an analyst at FBN Securities, estimates that the average price of an iPhone increased only 1 percent to $695 last quarter, while costs increased 8 percent to $420, resulting in an iPhone gross margin of 39.6 percent. That is down from the 44 percent average gross margin for iPhones in 2015, according to Seyrafi's estimates.
 
Apple spends only $75 million a year on licensing fees for Imagination's chips. But licensing fees to chip designers, taken together, are a significant cost for the iPhone. Apple recently sued Qualcomm for $1 billion over licensing terms for its communications chips - which Apple would have trouble designing in-house because of patent issues.
...


64x64

Chinese firm BYD opens electric bus factory in Hungary www.chinadaily.com.cn

 
KOMAROM, Hungary - Chinese vehicle manufacturer BYD opened its first European electric bus factory in the northern Hungarian city of Komarom on Tuesday.
 
BYD is expected to invest a total of 20 million euros ($21.3 million) in the project to 2018.
 
Currently, there are 32 employees, but the company plans to employ around 300 people to assemble up to 400 electric buses a year on two shifts, which will be exported to customers across continental Europe.
 
After producing electric buses and coaches, the company will begin making electric forklift trucks and light commercial vehicles.
 
"They(BYD)have chosen Komarom and Hungary amongst many competitors from not only Europe, but also many parts of the world," Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Peter Szijjarto said here at the opening ceremony.
 
Szijjarto underlined that the Hungarian government made every measure possible to turn the country into a target for not only production companies, but also those that want to make Hungary the location of their research and development center.
 
Hungary has the lowest corporate tax in the European Union, Szijjarto said.
 
Chinese Ambassador to Hungary Duan Jielong hoped that the BYD investment project could achieve mutual benefits and common development, and promote bilateral cooperation.
 
China's investment in Hungary has reached $4.1 billion in chemistry, financing, communications, logistics and automotive industry, Duan added.
 
Isbrand Ho, managing director at BYD Europe, said that his firm had chosen Hungary and Komarom because of its central location and its long tradition of engineering excellence.
 
"We are very conscious of the country's strong heritage of bus making in this immediate region," he said.
...


64x64

Mongolia-Canada roundtable meeting result introduced www.en.montsame.mn

 
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ During the Cabinet meeting took place on April 4, Ts.Dashdorj, Minister of Mining and Heavy Industry introduced a result of the seventh roundtable meeting between Mongolia and Canada, which was held in Ottawa, Canada last month.
 
At the roundtable meeting, the sides reviewed the current situation of bilateral cooperation in the fields of politics, economy, investment, defense, education, culture and science and defined further tendency of ties. The Cabinet obliged the Minister of Mining and Heavy Industry to approve a working plan to be carried out in accordance with the roundtable meeting and to put the implementation under control.
...


64x64

Toshiba forced to buy 40% of UK's NuGen www.bbc.com

 
Toshiba has been forced to buy the 40% of the UK nuclear energy company NuGen that it does not already own.
NuGen has the contract to build a new nuclear power plant in Cumbria.
The French utility company Engie said it was exercising its "contractual rights" to sell its shares because NuGen was "facing some significant challenges".
Last week, Toshiba's Westinghouse in the US, which was to build the plant's reactors, sought bankruptcy protection.
The troubled Japanese giant said that only Westinghouse's US operations would be affected by the bankruptcy.
However, at the time media reports suggested bankruptcy could delay the project at Moorside in West Cumbria or even put its future in limbo.
'Action'
It is estimated that the Moorside plant would eventually provide as much as 7% of the UK's energy needs.
In Tuesday's statement Toshiba said the bankruptcy filing was "an action that meets the definition of an 'event of default' under the terms of the agreement" with Engie.
"Engie has accordingly exercised its rights to require Toshiba to buy its holding."
Toshiba is paying about 15.3bn yen ($138.5m; £111.2m) for the stake.
The added that it would "continue to look for investors interested in investing in NuGen, and seek to sell off its holding in the company".
Dispute
The problems at Westinghouse have dragged on Toshiba.
In December it emerged that it faced a heavy one-off loss linked to a deal done by Westinghouse, which had bought a nuclear construction and services business from Chicago Bridge & Iron (CB&I) in 2015.
But assets that it took on are likely to be worth less than initially thought, and there is also a dispute about payments that are due.
In February it emerged that the loss would be about $6.3bn (£5.05bn).
Toshiba's chairman resigned, the firm delayed releasing its full financial figures - initially for a month - and then even longer.
To plug the gap, Toshiba is set to sell a majority stake in its NAND flash-memory business to get it through its continuing financial turbulence.
All this came on top of Toshiba's struggles to turn the corner after a profit-inflating scandal.
In a statement, the Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy said: "The NuGen consortium has always planned to bring in other partners to deliver the project and we engage regularly with a range of developers and investors.
"The Secretary of State is currently in South Korea for talks on future collaboration between our two countries, including on potential civil nuclear projects."
...


64x64

Banks won’t quit France if it’s out of euro – Le Pen www.rt.com

 
French presidential candidate Marine Le Pen who’s known for her anti-euro stance said on Tuesday investors won’t pull their money from France if it gives up the EU single currency.
 
"There's so much liquidity in the world that they are not going to pull their chips out of France, above all when France will once again be back on the road to economic growth," she told French Sud Radio and TV channel Public Senat.
 
According to Le Pen, investors "are worried because they know they will no longer be able to make the profits they made previously."
 
“The world has changed, and that's what's worrying them. The world is moving away from free trade and laissez-faire policy," she added.
 
The 48-year-old candidate said she will negotiate to restore French national sovereignty and will call a referendum where French voters would decide on the EU and euro membership.
 
Le Pen who has promised to take France out of what she called "the prison" of European Union politics earlier warned of a so-called ‘Frexit’ if the EU doesn’t transfer powers back to Paris.
 
During Sunday's political rally in Bordeaux she said the euro currency was like a knife in the ribs of the French people. The politician has pledged to restore the national franc currency if elected.
 
"We are at the mercy of a currency adapted to Germany and not to our economy. The euro is mostly a knife stuck in our ribs to make us go where others want us to go," Le Pen said.
 
The leader of the National Front has promised to curb migration, expel all illegal migrants and restrict certain rights now available to all residents (including free education) to French citizens.
 
Opinion polls suggest Le Pen will make it through the April 23 first round vote but will lose the May 7 run-off.
...


64x64

Boeing signs first major deal with Iran under Trump administration www.rt.com

 
Boeing has signed a $3.4 billion deal with Iran's Aseman Airlines to supply 30 737 MAX aircraft to the carrier. It’s the first Boeing deal with Tehran since President Donald Trump took office pledging to take a harder stance with the country.
 
Aseman is owned by Iran's civil service pension fund and operates as a private company. It is the third-largest carrier in Iran.
 
The 30 jets are to be delivered as part of a larger deal, which implies a possible delivery of another 30 planes to Aseman. Boeing described the deal as a "memorandum of agreement."
 
At current prices, the 30 jets are worth $3.4 billion. However, carriers usually enjoy about 50 percent discount for such deals. The deliveries will start in 2022.
 
President Trump has said he opposes the cancellation of Iranian nuclear sanctions. However, he has not talked about the aircraft sales reached after the nuclear deal, which are saving thousands of American jobs.
 
"According to the US Department of Commerce, an aerospace sale of this magnitude creates or sustains approximately 18,000 jobs in the United States," Boeing said in a statement on Tuesday.
 
The new agreement comes on top of the $16.6 billion deal Boeing signed with Iran under Barack Obama’s administration. Boeing has agreed to sell 80 aircraft to flag carrier IranAir under the contract.
 
In January, Iran signed a deal with Airbus to buy 118 jets from Airbus for an estimated €22.8 billion ($25 billion). Iranian officials later said the contract would be cut to 112 planes.
...


64x64

DP working group established to assess budget amendment bill www.en.montsame.mn

 
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Today, DP group in parliament announced that it has established a working group to assess and make conclusion regarding a bill on amendments to 2017 state budget. The bill is scheduled to be discussed at the parliamentary spring session, to be opened tomorrow and DP group has an opposing position to increase budget expenditure and some tax rates.
 
“- The International Monetary Fund has made conclusion that current difficulties were caused by price drop of mining products, which is main column of the economy and foreign investment fall. Current economic condition should be reviewed again and income from mining should be calculated realistically. Price of mining products is increasing and the situation turns positively in favor of Mongolian economy.
 
Today, one ton of coal costs USD150 and copper USD6000 at the world market, while coal price was USD30 and copper USD3000, when DP was in power. Money is flowing into Mongolia. In this time, Mongolians should accurately consider what for to spend money. We must not transfer our financial rights to foreigners” said head of the DP group D.Erdenebat, who also chairs the working group.
...


64x64

Transit Mongolia 2017 to be held in Beijing www.en.montsame.mn

 
Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Ministry of Road and Transport Development in cooperation with Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Venture Company is going to organize a forum named ‘Transit Mongolia -2017’ on April 7 in Beijing, China, assembling government, transport and customs organizations and companies that are part of Mongolia-China-Russia rail transport to discuss the existing problems insightfully,
 
With the rail corridor through Mongolia being one of the international transportation corridors connecting Asia with Europe, the forum is considered highly significant due to its importance to development of transit transport between China and Russia and China and Europe.
 
In 2016, Ulaanbaatar Railway Joint Venture Company transported 2.3 million tons of transit freight which constitutes 11 percent of total freight transport and 24.5 percent of transport revenue.
 
The Transit Mongolia forum is being organized so as to increase the number of trains passing through Mongolian rail lines and amount of freight transported between Russia and China. The forum will see promotion of Mongolian rail corridor to transport companies from Russia and China and introduction of measures and policies being observed under the scope of ‘Mongolia-Russia-China Economic Corridor Program’.
...


64x64

Amazon brings its business marketplace to Britain www.reuters.com

 
Amazon.com Inc on Tuesday launched its business marketplace in Britain, selling products like office supplies, power tools, cleaning materials and lab equipment targeting an online sector worth $120.44 billion a year.
 
Amazon started its business marketplace in the United States in April 2015, achieving $1 billion of sales in its first year, before launching in Germany four months ago.
 
It said Amazon Business would serve enterprises ranging in size from sole traders to multinationals, as well as universities, hospitals and charities.
 
The business-to-business online market in Britain was worth 96.5 billion pounds in 2015, according to Office for National statistics data.
 
 
...


64x64

Hyundai Motor, Kia Motors cut China output amid diplomatic tensions: sources www.reuters.com

 
South Korea's Hyundai Motor Co and Kia Motors Corp have slashed vehicle production in China, sources said, as diplomatic tensions and competition from Chinese brands play havoc on sales and threaten earnings.
 
China, the world's biggest auto market, accounted for over a quarter of the pair's 2016 overseas sales but their March sales there were smashed by anti-Korean sentiment and competition from the likes of Geely Automobile Holdings Ltd.
 
Hyundai and Kia saw their combined China sales slump by 52 percent in March from a year earlier, Yonhap news agency reported on Tuesday, endangering not only the automakers' earnings but those of South Korean suppliers.
 
Political tensions have soared since late February when South Korea's Lotte Group agreed to provide land for a U.S. missile defense system outside Seoul. The move angered Beijing, although Seoul says the system is a response to North Korea's nuclear threat and is not aimed at China.
 
South Korean firms including Lotte Group have been targeted in a Chinese backlash involving boycott calls in state media, protests and suspensions of operations.
 
But analysts and sources said the row was just another headache for the South Korean carmakers, whose long-term challenge has been how to compete in China and the United States where their mainstay sedans have lost market share to sport utility vehicles.
 
"China is not the goose that lays the golden egg for Hyundai anymore,” said Lee Hang-koo, a senior research fellow at Korea Institute for Industrial Economics & Trade.
 
Hyundai's problems were a result of its "failed global strategy", he added.
 
SHIFT CUTS
 
Kia Motors has cut production shifts at its China factories, two of the sources familiar with the matter told Reuters. Hyundai also had eliminated a second shift from its three factories in Beijing starting mid-March, one of the people said.
 
The sources declined to be identified because the matter was not public. The automakers declined to comment on Tuesday.
 
Hyundai had already suspended output at its factory in Hebei from March 24 to April 4. It was unclear how the shift cuts would affect employment.
 
Hyundai Motor has four passenger car factories in China, with one more plant scheduled to commence production later this year. Kia, Hyundai's smaller affiliate, has three.
 
Poor consumer sentiment towards South Korean products in China had likely dragged down overseas sales in March, the companies said on Monday without putting a number on the falls. One source said Kia Motors' China sales likely more than halved in March from the year prior.
 
In the United States, Hyundai Motor posted a sales fall of 8 percent and Kia Motors slumped 15 percent in March from a year earlier. The U.S. market declined 2 percent in March.
 
Hyundai Motor shares fell 2.6 percent and Kia Motors declined 0.8 percent in the wider market, which was down 0.1 percent as of 0310 GMT.
...