1 US TRADE WAR COULD COST GLOBAL ECONOMY $430 BILLION, IMF WARNS WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      2 US PLANS G7 TALKS ON CHINA WWW.NHK.OR.JP PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      3 GOOGLE HIT WITH RECORD EU FINE OVER SHOPPING SERVICE WWW.BBC.COM PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      4 TURQUOISE HILL ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2018 PRODUCTION AND COMPLETION OF SHAFT 5 WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      5 DEVELOPMENT OF BILL ON CIVIL SERVANT CODE OF CONDUCT FINALIZED WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      6 CRUDE OIL EXPORTS GENERATED 94.3 BILLION WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      7 MONGOLIAN PRESIDENT SUMMONS IRREGULAR PARLIAMENTARY SESSION WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/18      8 JEFF BEZOS IS NOW WORTH MORE THAN BILL GATES AND LARRY PAGE COMBINED WWW.CNN.COM PUBLISHED:2018/07/17      9 APARTMENT COMPLEX FOR YOUNG FAMILIES UNDER CONSTRUCTION IN ERDENET WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/17      10 NUM GRADUATES INVITED TO WORK FOR TOSHIBA CORPORATION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/07/17      ГЕРМАНЫ “ЧИНГИС ХААН” ХАМТЛАГ ИРЭХ ОНД МОНГОЛД ТОГЛОЛТОО ХИЙНЭ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     АНУ, ОХУ ХҮЙТЭРСЭН ХАРИЛЦААНДАА ЦЭГ ТАВИЛАА WWW.UBINFO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     ХУДАЛДААНЫ ДАЙН ХЯТАДЫН КОМПАНИУДАД НӨЛӨӨЛЖ ЭХЭЛЖЭЭ WWW.NEWS.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     МОНГОЛД 92 ОРНЫ 9.6 МЯНГАН ГАДААДЫН ИРГЭН АЖИЛЛАЖ БАЙНА WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     ГАДААД ХУДАЛДААНЫ НИЙТ БАРАА ЭРГЭЛТ 6,3 ТЭРБУМ АМ.ДОЛЛАРТ ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.DNN.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     ЕВРОПЫН ХОЛБОО ЯПОН УЛСТАЙ ЧӨЛӨӨТ ХУДАЛДААНЫ ГЭРЭЭ БАЙГУУЛАВ WWW.MEDEE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     АЖ ҮЙЛДВЭРЖИЛТИЙН ЭРЧ СУЛАРЧЭЭ WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     МӨНГӨНИЙ НИЙЛҮҮЛЭЛТ 3.8 ИХ НАЯД ТӨГРӨГӨӨР НЭМЭГДЖЭЭ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/18     ОЛОН УЛСЫН ИННОВАЦИЙН ИНДЕКСЭЭР МОНГОЛ УЛС 53-Т ЖАГСЧЭЭ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/17     ШАДАР САЙД НҮБ-ЫН ӨНДӨР ТҮВШНИЙ УУЛЗАЛТАД ОРОЛЦОЖ БАЙНА WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/07/17    

Events

Name organizer Where
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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BCM 1st Annual Summit Proceeding www.mongolianbusinessdatabase.com

BCM organized the 1st Annual Summit in April 2016 to identify common interests and concerns within the business community to contribute to the policy agenda that will be adopted by the new government. As a result of this event BCM has developed a Summit Proceeding paper, which is comprised of comments from over 200 private sector representatives and experts in the various areas expressing their views about common issues they face and the possible solutions as a recommendation. The key three messages from the business community to the Government of Mongolia are to maintain stability, improve capacity and business environment. Personal views and issues expressed by member organizations were incorporated in this document anonymously. A summary of the speeches and presentations from the Summit with comments from the panel discussion and questions & answer sessions were included without attribution, and together comprise a statement and set of recommendations for government to consider. This paper is used as main document of BCM advocacy efforts aiming to have private sector interests addressed in the new Government Agenda as much as possible. �

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These capital cities are a brake on their economies www.cnn.com

New research from the Institute for Economic Research in Cologne said Germany would generate a little more national income per person -- 0.3% more to be precise -- without its capital city.
Berlin produces less GDP per capita than the rest of the economy despite its vibrant tech scene and trendy status.
"Berlin was a bit of a surprise," said Henry Goecke, one of the researchers at the institute. "Economically, Berlin is more or less not important at all, to put it harshly."
capital cities economics berlin
He said Berlin suffered by comparison with some of Germany's other regions such as the Rhineland, where much of the country's manufacturing industry is based, and Bavaria, home to automakers such as BMW (BAMXF).
Berlin is not the only capital city that is lagging behind. Canada's per capita GDP -- one measure of national wealth -- would be 0.2% higher if it wasn't for Ottawa, the researchers found.
"This is because of the economic strength of the oil producing region of Alberta, which has 11% of the people, but produces 17% of all GDP," Goecke said.

If Berlin and Ottawa are the brakes, then Paris and London are the engines.
France's per capita GDP would be more than 17% lower without its capital city.
That makes the "City of Love" even more important to France than London is to the U.K.
But the British capital, home to the country's all important finance sector, is also vital for prosperity -- the country would see its GDP per head drop by nearly 13% if it wasn't for London.
That contribution is now under threat.
"After the U.K. voted for Brexit, there will likely be consequences for London, and the question is whether the city can remain as connected to the EU financial services industry as it is now," Goecke said.

The United States would also be worse off if it wasn't for Washington D.C., although the drop in GDP per capita wouldn't be too dramatic -- just over 1%.
That kind of balance is good for an economy, Goecke said.
"You don't want to put all the eggs into one basket," he added.

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Premier urges OT to reach 100% national procurement www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Rio Tinto’s chief officer for copper and diamond division, Mr Arnaud Soirat paid a courtesy call on the Prime Minister of Mongolia, Mr J.Erdenebat, to present the progress of Oyu Tolgoi Underground Mine Development, on August 30.

The Prime Minister underlined that the Government has already set out the policy to work with Rio Tinto on OT project, and reminded that the benefit from the project will not only be measured by the tax revenue, but also by the numbers of workplaces created, capacities built and livelihoods improved.

Mr Soirat informed that about 1,400 Mongolian nationals are working for the underground development, and the number is growing. The weight domestic purchase reached 80 percent of the total purchase of the OT project, and the Rio Tinto group will make efforts in promoting Mongolia’s image as a favorable business partner for investors, he said. In scope of this, the board members of Rio Tinto have been invited to pay a visit to Mongolia this October.

“Mongolia needs investment. Oyu Tolgoi LLC is obliged to supply its power from Mongolia, as per the agreement, and the Government has been taking some actions on this. Our private companies have been working toward producing international standard cement for OT supply”, said the PM and noted that the project procurement should entirely be made in Mongolia.

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Pacific grim: Australia torn between US and China www.bbc.com

In a recent Australian-made TV political thriller called Secret City, a cyber-attack paralyses the country's air traffic control system. Authorities immediately (and incorrectly) point the finger at Chinese hackers.
It's a storyline that's telling about Australia's attitude to Asia's pre-eminent power. On the one hand, China is the country's biggest trading partner, but it also poses a potential regional military threat that's drawing the attention of the US, Australia's closest defence ally.
China, for its part, appears keenly aware of Australia's apparent reluctance to embrace it fully. In recent months, a series of bilateral irritations have sent relations between the two countries plunging to their lowest point for nearly a decade.
China has rebuked Australia for opposing its military build-up in the South China Sea. Australia has blocked Chinese investment bids, ostensibly on national security grounds. A Chinese newspaper denounced Australia as a "paper cat that won't last". Even the countries' Olympians are fighting with one another.
Troubled relationship
When Australia's census website crashed this month, throwing the national survey into chaos, speculation about a Chinese cyber-attack ran rife. Peter Cai, a research fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy, says it is another illustration of the "troubled state of the relationship",
While the US has been Australia's main ally in the Asia-Pacific since World War Two, China has been central to the country's prosperity and its weathering of two global recessions.
But the balancing act which Australia has managed to perform has grown increasingly tricky of late. The US has switched its focus to the Asia-Pacific just as China asserts sovereignty over much of the South China Sea.
Last month, Beijing accused the US, Australia and Japan of "fanning the flames" of regional tensions, after the three issued a forthright statement urging China to respect an international court ruling rejecting those claims.

Tensions have spilled out beyond the diplomatic world. During the Rio Olympics, thousands of Chinese took to social media to lambast Australian swimmer Mack Horton, who branded China's Sun Yang a "drug cheat" after the latter splashed him during a training session.
Power games
And then there's the issue of direct Chinese investment in Australia. Treasurer Scott Morrison has rebuffed two foreign investment bids - one from Chinese government-owned State Grid, the other from Hong Kong-based Cheung Kong Infrastructure - for a 50.4% stake in Ausgrid, which operates the electricity network in New South Wales state.
Mr Morrison insists domestic political considerations played no part in his decision, which followed his earlier rejection of a Chinese bid for the massive Kidman cattle station.
However, some have noted that following the federal election in July the Senate contains seven pro-protectionist crossbenchers. And although Australia signed a free trade agreement with China last year, there is growing popular antipathy to Chinese ownership of Australian agricultural land and real estate.
Workers from the Anna Creek cattle station, part of the Kidman empire, take a break on the Oodnadatta Track in outback South Kidman cattle empire to Chinese buyers
Mr Morrison declined to spell out the security concerns behind the Ausgrid decision, which left some observers scratching their heads - not least because the two Chinese companies already own parts of the power grid in other states. As the news website Crikey observed, in relation to State Grid: "If it's a national security risk, as Morrison claims it is, then we're already screwed."
Toxic mindset
China's official Xinhua news agency warned in an English-language editorial that the Ausgrid knockback could lead to "a toxic mindset of China-phobia", adding: "To suggest that China would try to kidnap the country's electricity network for ulterior motives is absurd and almost comical."
Australian-Chinese relations have not yet plumbed the depths to which they fell in 2009, when Australian businessman Stern Hu was arrested in China on spying charges. But Mr Cai believes they could deteriorate further if, for instance, Australia joins the US in freedom of navigation exercises in the South China Sea.
Professor Richard Rigby, a veteran China-watcher at the Australian National University, notes that Australia has two China narratives: the economic one, which saw two-way trade increase ten-fold to A$100bn (£58bn) between 2002 and 2012, and the national security narrative.
"But we've not been good at all at bridging them," he said.

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Apple ordered to repay record €13 billion to cover the unpaid taxes www.rt.com

"Selective treatment" from Dublin allowed Apple to pay tax rate of one percent on EU profits in 2003 down to 0.005 per cent in 2014, reports Irish state broadcaster RTE. The Irish government may be obliged to repay up to €13 billion to cover the unpaid taxes.
Apple is facing its biggest tax avoidance fine ever. The EU is expected to rule on Tuesday that the US tech company was receiving illegal tax help from Ireland, allegedly allowing the company to pay just one percent tax.

The EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager has prepared a 130-page ruling on Apple's Ireland operations which is due to be released Tuesday. The investigation has been going on for three years.

According to a FT source familiar with the matter, Apple would have to restate its accounts as a result of the ruling. The US company allegedly paid tax at a rate of one percent, well below Ireland’s then official 12.5 percent corporate tax.

The investigation was accompanied by strong warnings from Washington not to fine American companies. The US Department of Justice accused the European Commission of becoming a “supranational tax authority” overriding the tax codes of its member countries. The Obama administration warned the EU that the investigation could “create an unfortunate international tax policy precedent.”

The European Commission accused Ireland in 2014 of dodging international tax rules by allowing Apple to funnel tens of billions of dollars of European profits into the country in return for maintaining jobs. Apple and Ireland reject the allegations and say they will appeal should there be an unfavorable ruling.

The possible multibillion dollar penalty for Apple will be much bigger than fines on other US companies such as Starbucks and Fiat Chrysler. The European watchdog had previously ordered the Netherlands and Luxembourg to recover €30 million in unpaid taxes from the coffee company and car maker.

The biggest penalty to date involved EDF, the French energy group, which was ordered to repay €1.4 billion.

In the worst case should Ireland be forced to collect the unpaid taxes, Apple may have to pay a $19 billion fine.

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Banks getting ready for ‘economic nuclear winter’ www.rt.com

Weak corporate earnings, a banking crisis, and the Brexit vote are forcing banks to prepare for the worst case scenario in the second half of the year. According to CNBC quoting a major lender, banks are "preparing for an economic nuclear winter situation.""This could mean triggering Article 50, a referendum in other European nations leading to a break-up of the euro or sterling hitting below $1.20 or lower. The banks are ready for anything now," the source in the bank told the broadcaster.
 
After the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union in June, there have been talks a similar referendum may be held in France, the Netherlands and other countries.
 
"Markets hate uncertainty and the events this year have unfortunately created a lot of mystery around what is going to happen next," the source added.
 
Shares in the biggest banks have been plummeting. Deutsche Bank has lost almost 45 percent, Credit Suisse has lost 41 percent and the Royal Bank of Scotland went down 35 percent in 2016. Uncertainty and volatility has been spotted in all areas of the economy from mining to car production.By far, Brexit has been the biggest uncertainty on the global financial agenda, but analysts urge companies to keep on working despite the unclear future and make steps to "de-risking and simplifying their businesses."
 
"I think the main problem for the second half of the year is the uncertainty caused by Brexit, though that's likely to persist for two years or more, so I suspect companies are likely to roll up their sleeves and get on with their business," Laith Khalaf, senior analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown told CNBC.
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BEST PRACTICES IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT www.mongolianbusinessdatabase.com

BEST PRACTICES IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Third International Conference and Workshop
Learn. Network. Be Global

mongolianbusinessdatabase.com 2016 08 30

Project Management Institute (PMI®) Mongolia Chapter is inviting project management professionals, CEOs, business analysts to 2 day International Project Management Conference under the theme of ‘Best Practices in Project Management’ to be held on October 7-8, 2016, Blue Sky conference hall, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. 
This is an opportunity to hear 24 honored guest speaker case presentations from Mongolia and Asia Pacific, attend 12 workshops and interactive sessions, network with over 300 project managers, meet with PMI’s top Directors and Managers from Hong-Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. 
PMI® is the world’s largest non-profit association for project managers, with over 700,000 members and credential holders in over 190 countries. The PMI Mongolia Chapter® is a local chapter officially chartered by PMI®and is aimed to support the project management community based in Mongolia.

CONFERENCE REGISTRATION AND FEES

Organizing Committee
| 9901-7317 | 9994-7237
| registration@pmimongolia.mn
www.pmi.org | www.pmimongolia.mn
www.facebook.com/pmimongoliachapter
www.twitter.com/pmimongolia

Early Bird Registration:
| “PMI Mongolia Chapter” member -50,000₮ 
| Individuals or company representatives -175,000₮ 
| Student -50,000₮ 
| Group (> 5 төлөөлөгчид) -150,000₮

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Apple facing record bill for Irish tax www.bbc.com

Apple could be ordered to pay billions of euros in back taxes in the Republic of Ireland by European Union competition officials.
The final ruling, expected on Tuesday, follows a three-year probe into Apple's Irish tax affairs, which the EU has previously identified as illegal.
The Financial Times reports that the bill will be for billions of euros, making it Europe's biggest tax penalty.
Apple and the Irish government are likely to appeal against the ruling.
Under EU law, national tax authorities are not allowed to give tax benefits to selected companies - which the EU would consider to be illegal state aid.
According to EU authorities, rulings made by the Irish government in 1991 and 2007 allowed Apple to minimise its tax bill in Ireland.Apple's company structure enabled it to legally channel international sales through Ireland to take advantage of that tax deal.
On Tuesday EU competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager is expected to give an estimate of how much Apple will have to pay back.
But it will be up to Irish authorities to calculate the exact amount.
US warning
The investigation into Apple and similar probes into other US firms have been criticised by US authorities.
Last week the US Treasury Department said the European Commission was in danger of becoming a "supra-national tax authority" overriding the tax codes of its member states.
Brussels was using a different set of criteria to judge cases involving US companies, the US Treasury warned, adding that potential penalties were "deeply troubling".
BBC North America technology reporter Dave Lee says that the US Treasury is concerned that if there is a big EU tax bill for Apple, as expected, then Apple will set off at least some of that against the tax it would be paying in the US.
"So it's essentially shifting billions of dollars from the US economy, from the US tax-pot, into Europe. The US says Europe simply doesn't deserve that money, because all the hard work that goes into creating the iPhone and other Apple products... takes place in the US, and not in Europe."
Apple is not the only the company that has been targeted for securing favourable tax deals in the European Union.
Last year, the commission told the Netherlands to recover as much as €30m (£25.6m) from Starbucks and Luxembourg was ordered to claw back a similar amount from Fiat.
Apple is potentially facing a much bigger bill, but with cash reserves of more than $200bn (£153bn), the company will have little problem paying up.
Nevertheless, Apple may have to restate its accounts following the ruling.
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Oil prices rise as dollar comes off two-week high www.reuters.com

Oil futures edged up on Tuesday as the U.S. dollar backed off a two-week high hit the day before, although doubts that crude producers would agree next month to an output freeze continued to drag on prices.
 
The U.S. dollar has retreated from Monday's peak as investors look ahead to jobs data this week that Federal Reserve Vice Chair Stanley Fischer has said will be important to whether the U.S. central bank raises interest rates soon.
 
A weaker dollar makes oil purchases cheaper for buyers using other currencies, potentially spurring demand.
 
Yet doubts of agreement in talks on an output freeze among members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) continues to weigh on prices.
 
"There's a feeling that the OPEC production freeze talks might result in something positive, but it's just talk," said Robert Nunan, risk management director at Mitsubishi Corporation.
 
Brent crude futures LCOc1 were trading at $49.38 per barrel at 0505 GMT, up 12 cents from their previous close.
 
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude was up 17 cents at $47.15 a barrel.
 
Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih told Reuters last week he does not believe an intervention in oil markets is necessary since the "market is moving in the right direction".
 
This was followed by the United Arab Emirates energy minister Suhail bin Mohammed al-Mazroui saying OPEC's current share of the oil market is "at a good level".As well, Iraq - which increased crude exports this month from its southern ports compared with July - will continue ramping up output, its oil minister said on Saturday.
 
"Either way, despite some increases in Saudi Arabia and Iraq, OPEC production seems to be flattening with the outages in Libya, Nigeria and Venezuela, knocking out some 3 million barrels of daily production and no one is holding their breath they'll return soon," said Nunan.
 
In addition to output disruptions stemming from years of conflict, budgetary delays from Libya's new government are now also undermining oil production, said the head of the state energy company on Monday.
 
Meanwhile, a Nigerian militant group has said it has ended attacks on the nation's oil and gas industry that have reduced the OPEC member's output by 700,000 barrels a day to 1.56 million bpd.
 
(Reporting by Roslan Khasawneh; Editing by Joseph Radford and Tom Hogue)
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Saudi Arabia continues to burn through foreign reserves www.rt.com

Riyadh’s foreign reserves dropped to $555 billion, down $6 billion in July, as low oil prices continue to eat up the country's assets abroad.Saudi Arabia’s foreign holdings are 16 percent down on the same month in 2015 and are at their lowest level since February 2012. The holdings peaked in August 2014 at $737 billion falling with oil prices.
 
The assets are likely to consist of US dollars, securities like US Treasury bonds and deposits with banks abroad. The deposits reduced by $8 billion to $125 billion in July, but holdings in foreign securities grew by $2 billion to $371 billion after 10 straight months of contraction.
 
In an attempt to corner the global market and oust high-cost oil producers like US shale, Saudi-dominated OPEC introduced predatory prices for its oil, pushing crude from $114 a barrel in the summer of 2014 to the current $50.
 
Last year, the Saudi budget deficit hit an historic high of $98 billion. Riyadh expects this figure to drop to $87 billion. To cover some part of the deficit, the government has been borrowing domestically and abroad.Despite this, the Kingdom has no plans to cap production, pumping a record 10.67 million barrels of oil per day in July.
 
Saudi Arabia also expects to issue its first international bonds in October to raise at least $10 billion. Citigroup, HSBC and JPMorgan Chase were hired as global coordinators for the sale, according to Bloomberg.
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