Transit freights on the rise amid growing trade between Russia and China www.zgm.mn
Mongolia’s shipping link with the shortest route from the West to the East has risen the transportation turnover. Last year, the number of transit containers passing through Mongolia increased by 53 percent to 855 freight trains. It is almost five times more than two years ago.
Officials reported that transit transportation reached 3.4 million tons a year. In recent years, exports and imports are continuing to increase and transportation volume is on the rise, railway transportation has grown by 15 percent to MNT 616 billion as of 2018.
However, the capacity of Mongolia’s transportation has reached its peak and the spokesman of the Ulaanbaatar Railway JV said “Our capacity to receive and transport reached its peak. Now it is time to make technological innovations”. The international delegations also acknowledged this. “The transit route was relatively slow in 2017 but increased sharply after the 2018 Beijing meeting. However, we are worried that there will not be enough capacity to receive this while the freight is increasing. The volume of transit cargo from Russia to China is rapidly rising,” said the Secretary-General of the International Railtransport Committee.
Certain proportion of trade turnover has to come to Mongolia
In 2018, the number of transit transportation routes from Russia to Asia to the port of Erlian via Mongolia hiked; Mongolia accounts for 90 percent of the total transit shipping order. It is expected to increase continuously.
The length of the railway line connecting Mongolia to Russia and China is 110 km long. It is 533 km shorter than the Kazakhstan transit railway and 748 km closer than the Trans-Manchurian corridor. Therefore, a certain proportion of trade turnover has to come to Mongolia, which has led to the peak load.