1 ‘ASIAN DOOR 2018’ FAIR KICKS OFF WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      2 BEYOND BITCOIN: THE OTHER CRYPTOCURRENCIES YOU SHOULD KNOW TOO WWW.CNN.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      3 ATTRACTING INVESTMENT FROM FRANCE TO AGRICULTURAL SECTOR WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      4 MONGOLIA AND RUSSIA TO EXPAND COOPERATION IN TRANSPORT SECTOR WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      5 NEWLY-OPENED CHINA-MONGOLIA FRIENDSHIP CULTURAL CENTER TO BOOST TIES WWW.CHINA.ORG.CN PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      6 UN APPRECIATES MONGOLIA’S CONTRIBUTIONS FOR NORTHEAST ASIA WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      7 BHP OFFICIALLY DROPS 'BILLITON' FROM NAME WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      8 THE NOTICE: WWW.MONGOLIANBUSINESSDATABASE.COM PUBLISHED:2018/11/21      9 IRKUTSK REGION SUPPLIES USD 31 MILLION PRODUCTS TO MONGOLIA WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/20      10 27 PARLIAMENT MEMBERS SUBMIT PETITION ON CABINET DISSOLUTION WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2018/11/20      ОРОН СУУЦНЫ БАРИЛГЫН ӨРТГИЙН ИНДЕКС III УЛИРАЛД ЖИЛИЙН ДҮНГЭЭР 15 ХУВИАР ӨСЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     САЙЖРУУЛСАН ТҮЛШНИЙ БОРЛУУЛАЛТ УДААШИРЧЭЭ WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     ЗАСГИЙН ГАЗРЫН ТОГТВОРГҮЙ БАЙДЛААС ҮҮДЭЖ “ГЭРЭГЭ” БОНДЫН ХАНШ БУУРЧЭЭ WWW.MEDEE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     ЭДИЙН ЗАСГИЙН ӨСӨЛТ 7.1 ХУВЬД ХҮРНЭ ГЭВ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     ТӨРИЙН ҮЙЛЧИЛГЭЭ ЦАХИМД ШИЛЖЛЭЭ WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     УЛААН БУУДАЙ, ТӨМСНИЙ ДОТООДЫНХОО ХЭРЭГЦЭЭГ БҮРЭН ХАНГАНА WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     "ГУДАМЖ" ТӨСЛИЙН 14 БАЙРШЛЫН, 50 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙН БАЙГУУЛАМЖИЙГ НИЙСЛЭЛИЙН ӨМЧИД БҮРТГЭЖ АВЛАА WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     САНАМЖ: WWW.MONGOLIANBUSINESSDATABASE.COM НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/21     ЭРЧИМ ХҮЧНИЙ ИХ АЧААЛАЛ 973 МВТ-Д ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/20     ЗАСГИЙН ГАЗРЫГ ОГЦРУУЛАХ БИЧИГ ӨРГӨН БАРЬСНЫ ДАРАА "ГЭРЭГЭ" БОНДЫН ХАНШ БУУРЛАА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/11/20    

Events

Name organizer Where
Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018" Frontier Securities Tokyo Japan
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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List of new laws taking effect in July www.montsame.mn

Starting from July 1, following laws will come into effect.

Criminal Code /Revised version/
Criminal Procedure Code /Revised/
Law on Offence /Revised/
Offence Procedure Law /Revised/
Law on the Elderly /Revised/
Law on Social Welfare Allowance for the Elderly with State Merit /Revised/
Law on Youth
Law on Auto Road /Revised/
Maritime Law /Revised/
Law on Decision of Civil Cases in the Court /Revised/
Law on Prosecutor /Revised/

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"Mongolia have probably the biggest gold resources globally" www.miningmetalnews.com

Already on 10 February 1922, the People’s Government of Mongolia signed a landmark resolution that brought a significant coal deposit in Nalaikh city under state control. By the end of the year, exploration on the deposit was complete, ushering in what is today considered the birth of the mining sector in the country.

In the 96 years that have followed, the mining industry has undergone a number of transformations as its role in Mongolia’s economy has steadily grown into one of its leading sectors of growth, responsible for producing 21 percent of its GDP, 70 percent of its total industrial output and 90 percent of its export product.

Coal, copper and gold form the principle reserves that are mined in abundance across Mongolia. The country hosts approximately ten percent of the world’s known coal reserves at an estimated 162 billion tonnes.

It took Mongolia a while to shake down since shaking off Soviet influence in 1990 and ceasing to call itself a people's republic, but today this huge, sparsely populated country is democratic, peaceful and stable. Its readily accessible mineral wealth has started to attract major mining companies seeking new resources and with copper and gold prices firming up following a four-year downturn.

Since it floated on the Australian Stock Exchange in May 2010, the Australian exploration company Xanadu Mines has been single-mindedly pursuing its goal of adding value to its properties in the South Gobi district of Mongolia.

Its Managing Director and CEO Dr Andrew Stewart has long held the view that Mongolia had the edge on other comparable regions:

“We like Mongolia because it is a very under-explored exploration location, even though it has been shown to host some of the biggest copper deposits in the world,” adds Stewart.

He points for evidence to Rio Tinto's massive Oyu Tolgoi project, only 100 kilometres from Xanadu's flagship Kharmagtai project in the south of the country. With the cost of bringing it into production estimated at close to $10 billion, the Oyu Tolgoi mining project represents the largest financial undertaking in Mongolia’s history.

“Mongolia is God's gift to explorers! A junior company like Xanadu can explore relatively cheaply,” he says.

There are comparable reserves in the world, but most of these are located in remote jungle, at high altitude, places with high rainfall or, like the beleaguered Grasberg mine in Indonesia, beset with political disruption.

While Xanadu's peers are drilling at a cost of up to $600 a metre, Xanadu's costs come in at around $100, thanks to the open nature of the terrain plus the fact that all of the roads, power, water and other services that are required are already in place.

“Particularly at Kharmagtai, this is the benefit gained from the infrastructure that goes in when one of the world's biggest mining companies builds a tier one asset next door to our project,” he admits.

All three projects that Xanadu is developing are in highly prospective deposits. The gold element is a critical differentiator between these Mongolian resources and others in South and Central America for example.

“These porphyry copper resources we see in Mongolia are probably the biggest gold resources globally,” he says.

These are precisely the type of deposit that the major mining companies are turned on by at a time when there is a scarcity of new resources on the one hand while on the other global economic uncertainties are encouraging investors to take refuge in gold.

Kharmagtai, with a 30-year mining licence and a registered water resource, is the most active currently, and he estimates that it will take another year to define.

The deposit starts at the surface, giving the opportunity for early production upside from an open pit, but in the longer term there is a great deal more value deeper down. Xanadu’s local drilling contractor Litho Resources has already gone down 650 metres, with some excellent intercepts, but by mid-2018 he expects it to reach as far as a kilometre.

The demand for copper from Japan, China and Russia, with ready logistical access to all of these markets, boosted by the global thirst for gold, will make Xanadu Mines a tempting target for the majors, though the company does not by any means rule out the possibility that the they might build its own mines either alone or in partnership.

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Japan's Megabanks Vie for Top Role as Backers of Clean Energy www.bloomberg.com

Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc. and Mizuho Financial Group Inc. are in a neck-and-neck race to be the biggest lead arrangers of lending to the renewable energy industry in the first half of the year, highlighting the more active financing role for Japanese banks in clean energy.

Tokyo-based MUFG has the edge over Mizuho in writing project finance loans to clean-energy developers for the period, according to data compiled by Bloomberg New Energy Finance. As of Thursday, MUFG was credited with $1.697 billion of asset financing, compared with $1.662 billion for Mizuho, the BNEF data show.

Japan’s support for renewables since the Fukushima disaster in 2011 and the search for steady yields outside the country have helped push the nation’s lenders into the top tiers among their global rivals. In 2011, only MUFG was in the top five lenders exposed to asset finance deals in clean energy, according to BNEF. Last year, three of the five biggest lenders were Japanese.

“Japan’s megabanks have been expanding on the back of heightened interest in renewables such as solar after the earthquake and tsunami in Tohoku,” said Takashi Miura, an analyst at Credit Suisse Group AG in Tokyo. “And they’re also doing more because they can secure relatively good margins.”

MUFG’s focus on lending to solar, wind and geothermal projects in the first half has helped solidify its hold on the top position among global financial institutions that it assumed last year when it passed Banco Santander SA. Mizuho, which was fifth in lending to clean-energy developers in 2016, is aiming to challenge MUFG with a push beyond solar and wind into other areas such as biomass.

“Mega solar has been our focus since 2012,” Toshikazu Tanaka, head of the project finance team at Mizuho, said in an interview at the bank’s Tokyo headquarters. “The business environment for power producers is changing and solar may not expand as much as it did before. We will work on expansion into new fields.”

Solar Cuts

Mizuho’s focus on other clean-energy sources comes after tariffs for solar power producers in Japan dropped by nearly half since 2012 to 21 yen a kilowatt-hour this year. A change in government backing is also underway since the introduction of new rules in April, with photovoltaic projects of 2 megawatts in capacity or larger now subject to auctions.

In February, Mizuho provided a $586.5 million loan for a wind portfolio in Texas and Oklahoma, the largest loan the bank provided so far this year, according to BNEF data. Mizuho was the sole lender to the 700-megawatt projects sponsored by Duke Energy Corp., according to the bank.

“The ratio of renewables in global power demand is steadily increasing and clean energy is also expanding outside developed countries,” Kazunobu Takahara, a spokesman for MUFG said. “We will continue our active financing for renewables projects.”

As for Mizuho, five of the 11 projects it financed were for solar projects in Japan this year as of Thursday. The bank also funded two photovoltaic stations in the U.S. and the 80-megawatt Muara Laboh geothermal plant by Engie SA, Sumitomo Corp., and PT Supreme Energy.

Mizuho is betting on continuing developments of offshore wind projects in Europe, according to Toru Miyabe, head of the power team at the bank’s global project finance department. 

Currently, offshore wind capacity totals more than 13 gigawatts worldwide, with nearly 90 percent of installations in Europe. Offshore capacity is expected to reach 174 gigawatts by 2040, according a BNEF forecast released on June 15.

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Rio Tinto shareholders greenlight sale of Aussie coal assets to Yancoal www.mining.com

Rio Tinto (ASX, LON:RIO) shareholders have backed management on the decision to sell the firm’s Australian coal assets to China-backed Yancoal Australia (ASX:YAL) for $2.69 billion, ending a three-week bidding war with Glencore.

The deal was approved by 97% of Rio’s shareholders in the UK and Australia, leaving the Swiss commodity trader — already the world's No.1 exporter of sea-traded thermal coal — out of the race.

Glencore first tried and failed buying Coal & Allied in 2015, when Rio declared coal a non-core asset, hence no longer part of its growth strategy.

In January this year, Rio agreed to sell its interest in Coal & Allied to Yancoal for $2.45 billion. The terms of that deal allowed Rio to engage in negotiations with another party if it made a better offer.

Along came Glencore, with a bid made up of $2.05 billion upfront and $0.5 billion in instalments over five years, plus an offer to buy Mitsubishi’s stake in the Hunter Valley operations for $920 million cash. But the Japanese firm also chose Yancoal.

Both Glencore and Yancoal later sweetened their bids for Rio’s assets, but the Anglo-Australian company always made clear that Yancoal was its preferred buyer.

Coal asset sales stalled last year when prices for the commodity climbed up to almost five-year highs and companies raised their expectations on bids for their assets. But there's movement in the market once again.

Mitsubishi announced that is considering selling a stake in Clermont coal mine in Australia. If sold, the company would be left with a stake in just one thermal coal mine.

Other Japanese trading houses have also been cutting or freezing investments in thermal coal.

Mitsui & Co said last month it would invest mainly in iron ore, LNG and oil and had no plans to consider acquiring or developing new thermal coal mines. The announcement followed last year’s decision to cut its exposure to coal by a third within three years.

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200 parking spaces on Sukhbaatar square open www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ On June 29, a 200-car parking space was put into operation on the south side of the central square of the capital-the Sukhbaatar Square, with a view to reduce traffic congestion in the central area of the city and create a comfortable environment for citizens, domestic and foreign tourists and travelers.

Drainage system, lighting, pedestrian and chair installation works were made besides soil stripping and asphalt works were carried-out on 6650 sq.m of land from June 5-23. The new parking space has 6 bus stops, 3 parking lots for disabled persons’ vehicles and 193 normal parking spaces.

One of the most pressing issues of Ulaanbaatar is traffic congestion. Insufficiency of parking in the capital city increases traffic jam by 25 percent. Therefore, the capital authority considers it proper to increase the number of parking spaces to reduce traffic jam.

Ulaanbaatar City Mayor and Mayor S.Batbold stated " - Professional organizations have defined that there are about 70 locations available for parking space in Ulaanbaatar. Constructing open and underground parking spaces at these locations estimated to reduce traffic jam by 25 percent. The issue on how to use this part of the Sukhbaatar square was controversial for many years. This was discussed by the city authorities and decided to use it according to the general plan”.

"ESTO" LLC executed the construction work of the parking.

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Fed stress tests give $1.6bn boost to Buffett www.ft.com

 
Warren Buffett’s backing of beaten-down US banks is poised to pay big dividends in the wake of the industry’s stress test success — $1.6bn of dividends, to be precise.
 
The revered investor is to become one of the largest individual beneficiaries of the Federal Reserve’s green light to banks to make their biggest cash distribution to shareholders since the financial crisis.
 
The splurge that the Fed has permitted includes a 60 per cent dividend increase at Bank of America, where Mr Buffett’s company Berkshire Hathaway is likely to become the largest shareholder under the terms of a deal he struck with the lender’s board six years ago.
 
The deal granted Berkshire preferred stock but Mr Buffett has previously said he will swap it for BofA’s common shares if their dividend becomes more attractive. Berkshire is in line for an annual dividend of $336m if it makes the conversion, $36m more than it is paid on the preferred stock.
 
Mr Buffett’s biggest source of dividend income from the sector, meanwhile, will come from Wells Fargo, which confounded some on Wall Street this week when regulators waved through its capital distribution plan despite a mis-selling scandal that rocked the industry.
 
Mr Buffett stuck with Wells last year while it was plunged into crisis. Regulators found staff set up hundreds of thousands of fake customer accounts. Wells is increasing its dividend by a little under 3 per cent and Berkshire, the bank’s biggest shareholder, is in line for an annual dividend of about $837m.
 
Many investors shunned US banks in the wake of the 2008 market meltdown as persistent legal difficulties, rock-bottom interest rates and toughened regulation constrained their profits.
 
Yet Berkshire stuck with his favoured investments in financials and also lent support to other banks amid the turmoil.
 
Berkshire ploughed $5bn into Goldman Sachs about a week after the collapse of Lehman Brothers. It made its investment in Bank of America, again for $5bn, in 2011 when the lender was struggling with legal woes related to subprime mortgages.
 
“The banks’ post stress-test liberation is a vindication of his earlier judgment,” said Lawrence Cunningham, law professor at George Washington University and an author of books on Mr Buffett.
 
The banking payout plans cleared by the Fed are seen by some on Wall Street as an inflection point in the industry’s fortunes, a sign it is shaking off its post-crisis shackles.
 
Dividends are not the only source of capital returns. The Fed’s clean bill of health has also paved the way for bank share buy backs.
 
In total, Berkshire is set to receive about 12 per cent more in dividends from its seven largest financial investments than the year before, according to Financial Times research based on Bloomberg holdings data and RBC Capital Markets dividend calculations.
 
Still, the dividend increases from his chosen banks are smaller than several others. Goldman got permission for an increase of about 11 per cent and US Bancorp for 7 per cent. In contrast Citigroup was cleared to double its dividend.
 
Regulators also required American Express, in which Berkshire is the biggest shareholder, to rethink its original capital distribution plan. In the end they gave their blessing to a 9 per cent dividend increase.
 
Known as the Sage of Omaha for his investment record over almost five decades, Mr Buffett himself is known to be somewhat ambivalent about dividends. 
 
He has noted that reinvesting profits back into a business can be a better use of shareholder cash, although he also recognises consistent and increasing payouts can be of value to investors. Berkshire itself has not paid a dividend in over half a century.
 
Mr Buffett continues to give selective backing to hard hit financial companies. Last week he tossed a lifeline to the stricken Canadian lender Home Capital with a C$2.4bn (US$1.8bn) financing package.
 
Bank stocks have already got a boost from higher interest rates, as well as hopes of lower taxes and financial deregulation in the wake of Donald Trump’s election. S&P 500 financial stocks up 35 per cent in the past year, twice as much as the index. Even so, some — including Bank of America — still trade at a discount to book value, a sign of investor caution.
 
 
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Bitcoin accepted at New York pre-school www.bbc.com

The head of two Montessori schools in New York won't let parents pay by credit card - but he is accepting Bitcoin.

Marco Ciocca, co-founder and chairman of the Montessori Schools in Flatiron & Soho, added the option in June, after growing inquiries from parents.
The decision comes as an increasing number of places - including universities in London and Greece - take the digital currency as payment.
About 10 parents of the roughly 300 students have opted to pay in Bitcoin so far, Mr Ciocca said.
He predicts that number will rise in coming years.
"If we talk about just the sort of transactional ease... I think this form of payment will continue to grow," he said.
Bitcoin is a digital currency that was first used in the real world in 2010. As acceptance has grown, so has its value.
Bitcoin's worth has more than doubled since the start of the year and tops $2,500 (£1,900) today, according to CoinDesk, which tracks the currency.
Parents who invested early and have ridden the currency's rise get something like a discount on the school's hefty $31,000 tuition.
But Mr Ciocca said the school won't profit from up-and-downs in the market. Tuition payments in Bitcoin - they also accept some other digital currencies - get converted to cash instantly.
The decision to accept digital currencies matched the schools' identity as "forward-thinking" and appealed to a pool of families drawn from tech and finance worlds, Mr Ciocca said.
(Google and Facebook are among the firms with large offices not far from the schools.)
Bitcoin is also an easier way to process money than other kinds of payments, such as credit cards, he said.
"It's just a much more seamless transaction," he said.
More growth?
Mr Ciocca, who has followed the currencies for some time as an investor, plans to be part of that growth.
He's working to offer the option to parents at two sister schools run by his family in Miami, Florida, in September.
Angela Ciocca, Mr Ciocca's sister, is headmistress of the schools there. She said she's not expecting a lot of takers.
"It hasn't hit us yet," she said. "But I do see it a lot when I go to Manhattan."

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Mongolia: Petro Matad announces final results - updates Mongolian operations www.energy-pedia.com

Petro Matad, the AIM quoted Mongolian oil explorer, has announced its audited final results for the year ended 31 December 2016.

Operational and Financial Highlights
The net profit after tax for the Group for the 12 months ended 31 December 2016 was $10.90 million (31 December 2015: Loss $0.19 million).
During the year the Group focused on exploration activities on its Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs) with the Mineral Resources and Petroleum Authority of Mongolia (MRPAM) on Blocks IV, V and XX in Mongolia.
After year-end:
In February 2017, reassignment of Blocks IV and V following Shell's affiliate exit; 100% now held by the Group;
In May 2017, financing agreement with Bergen to provide up to $43.2 million through staged private placements over 15 months, together with a $2 million convertible loan note;
In May 2017, letter of intent with Sinopec for drilling rig for 2017 drilling campaign; and
In June 2017, 2-year PSC extensions received from MRPAM for Blocks IV and V.
As at 31 December 2016 the Group's cash position was $6.48 million (31 December 2015: $5.34 million. Following receipt of the final exit payment from Shell in February 2017 and first financing tranches from Bergen, the Group current cash position is $11.18 million.
No dividends have been paid or are proposed in respect of the year 2016 (2015: Nil).

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Limerick FC announce novel partnership with Mongolian Football Federation www.limerickleader.ie

LIMERICK FC has announced an innovative Community Partnership with the Mongolian Football Federation which they believe will be beneficial for both sides.

After year-long discussions, Mongolian Football Federation manager Enkhjin Batsumber arrived in Limerick this week as the deal was formally agreed.

Sixteen-year-old central defender Belgutei Batjargul, who has spent time at the academies of Arsenal and Chelsea is the first player to come to Limerick as part of a planned exchange programme.

Batjargul will spend time training at Limerick FC's Academy as well as beginning education here.

Batsumber and his colleagues had spent time in the UK last year searching for a potential partner with strong community links.

However, Limerick’s community work impressed the Mongolian FF so much that the pair have now linked up. The partnership will see players, coaches and community staff travel from Mongolia to Ireland and vice-versa, with the potential for Mongolian National Team squads to come and train in Limerick.

Limerick FC Chairman Pat O’Sullivan explained: “Football is the fastest-growing sport in Mongolia, and they would address a lot of issues through sport – that was their concept, which is really a lot like what we do.

“The idea is that the Mongolian Football Federation will send people here to look at our community programmes, some will come over to develop coaching techniques and they will also send some young players to train in our Academy.

“On the other side of it, we will look at sending some of our community staff and students to Mongolia.”

O’Sullivan added: “They would like to experience our football culture with the idea that some National Team squads would come to Limerick and base themselves here for a couple of weeks as part of their training and development.

“We’re creating a structure where they will come over here. Bruff becomes very important in that aspect because we’d like to think the cost-base would be low in Bruff and it would be able to facilitate a lot of what is required.

“We discussed the importance of the youth structure we have here now. I explained that we only had a handful of players from Limerick playing with our senior team. We want our whole senior team to be from Limerick. We discussed the initiation of our Academy at the time and the fruits of that now.

“The Mongolian Football Federation want to follow a similar pathway which is great. We are having a very open relationship to see how we can help each other.”

On the partnership, Mongolian Football Federation manager Enkhjin Batsumber said: “What Mr O’Sullivan is doing in Limerick is an ideal model of what we are trying to achieve in Mongolia; basically, bringing football into the community from grassroots level all the way to the top by focussing on and developing young players.

“We want to incorporate football as a social tool to guide youth to a better path and keep them out of trouble. Football is the fastest-growing sport in Mongolia. Mongolians in general are very athletic people – despite our small population we’ve won gold medals in very tough sports like judo and boxing.

“What we need is good management, good investment in infrastructure and to bring people into football at every level, either at grassroots or elite level.

“We are in discussions to bring young Mongolian players to train in Ireland to see if they can go all the way to the top at professional level. Some kids are already signing professional contracts in Europe, so the potential is there.

“This is an amazing opportunity. I can’t thank Limerick FC and Mr. O’Sullivan enough. We are really looking forward to building this relationship and making it long-term.

“We hope to organise a National Team Programme where we can come here, train and stay in Bruff. I’m really happy that I had the opportunity to visit here to see it for myself. It has been an amazing experience already.”

Belgutei Batjargul – known as Billy – has attended the academies of Arsenal and Chelsea as well as the Bobby Charlton Soccer & Sports Academy, and he will now spend time training in Limerick’s Academy.

Batsumber said: “Billy is a young player who wants to develop his football skills. It will be a great experience for his future, not only because of football but learning the western culture and interacting with different people and young players here.

“He can become a proper player, get a proper education and gain invaluable experience at a very important age as he moves towards adulthood.”

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Mongolian milk producer issues country's largest-ever corporate bond www.reuters.com

A Mongolian dairy producer has issued the local stock exchange's largest ever corporate bond, testing market appetite following an economic bailout and the potential election of an unpredictable new president.

Suu, which means milk in Mongolian, sold 6 billion tugrik ($2.55 million) of debt as it aims to boost production and refinance dollar-denominated debt accumulated during the country's short-lived economic boom. The one-year bills have an annual interest rate of 17.5 percent.

Investors were drawn to the bond because of the stability brought to the local currency, the tugrik, following a $5.5 billion rescue package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), said Dashdorj Bilguun, who worked on the underwriting at Golomt Capital.

"It stabilises the currency," said Bilguun of the IMF deal.

The tugrik was in free fall last year, declining by nearly a quarter as a result of falling investment and weak Chinese demand for commodities.

Coal and copper sold to China were leading drivers of Mongolian growth, but the IMF is now encouraging the landlocked Asian nation to diversify and develop agriculture and tourism in order to protect it from boom-bust cycles.

Suu is eyeing China as a potential customer for its dairy products, but Mongolian agriculture remains underdeveloped because of a lack of infrastructure and the remote location of herders.

About 30 percent of Mongolia's population still practices a traditional nomadic livelihood that can be traced back to the 13th century, when Genghis Khan was building history's largest empire.

Bilguun said the bills were 12.6 percent oversubscribed despite investor concerns about the potential victory of presidential candidate Khaltmaa Battulga from the opposition Democratic Party, who won the most votes in an inconclusive first round of elections this week.

Before the election, Battulga was calling for more state control in mining, including the Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold mine run by Rio Tinto.

Shares in Mongolia-based firms plunged this week after the election, with Turquoise Hill Resources and Aspire Mining falling by around 5 percent and the Mongolian Mining Corp losing 14 percent since Monday.

An analyst with a Hong Kong investment firm familiar with Thursday's bond deal said the government had turned a corner after the IMF agreement was secured.

"The atmosphere has changed," said the analyst, who asked not to be named because he was not authorised to speak to the media. "There will still be pains, but hopefully the worst has passed." (Reporting by Terrence Edwards; Editing by Amrutha Gayathri)

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