1 COPPER MINER'S $10B BET COMES TO LIFE IN PANAMA JUNGLE WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      2 TRADE UNIONS REQUEST PM TO FOCUS ON INTEREST RATE CUT WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      3 MONGOLIA’S HOURLY WAGE TO REACH USD 1 WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      4 US NARCOTICS BY POST TO MONGOLIA! THREE ARRESTED WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      5 WRITER D.URIANKHAI NOMINATED FOR THE NOBEL PRIZE WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      6 MONGOLIA-CHINA-RUSSIA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR BENEFITS ALL SIDES: OFFICIAL WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      7 SOLAR EMPOWERMENT OF NOMADS IN RURAL MONGOLIA WWW.GREENOPTIMISTIC.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      8 MONGOLIA, CUBA TO BOOST BILATERAL RELATIONS WWW.PLENGLISH.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/15      9 GOOGLE OUTLINES $13BN US INVESTMENT WWW.BBC.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/14      10 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY TO COOPERATE WITH JAPAN’S MIZUHO BANK WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/14      “ОЮУ ТОЛГОЙ” КОМПАНИ 570 ТОННЫ ДААЦТАЙ CAT БРЭНДИЙН ГИДРАВЛИК ЭСКВАТОРООР ХҮЧЭЭ СЭЛБЭЛЭЭ WWW.GOGO.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ӨРХИЙН САРЫН ДУНДАЖ ОРЛОГО 78,000 ТӨГРӨГӨӨР ӨССӨН Ч ЗАРЛАГА ДАВСАН ХЭВЭЭР БАЙНА WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АВСТРАЛИЙН ЭЛЧИН САЙД ДЭВИД МЭТЬЮ ВОСЭН ИТГЭМЖЛЭХ ЖУУХ БИЧГЭЭ ӨРГӨН БАРИВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2018 ОНД МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ЭДИЙН ЗАСАГ 6.9 ХУВИАР ӨСЛӨӨ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МХБ: II/15-НЫ БАЙДЛААР 8 КОМПАНИ ХЭХ-ЫН ТОВОО ГАРГААД БАЙНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     2017 ОНД 1.9 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АЛДАГДАЛТАЙ АЖИЛЛАСАН “УЛААНБААТАР БҮК” 2018 ОНД 566 САЯ ТӨГРӨГИЙН АШИГТАЙ АЖИЛЛАВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     ОРХОН ТҮҮХИЙ НҮҮРСНЭЭС ТАТГАЛЗСАН АНХНЫ АЙМАГ БОЛНО WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     АТГ-ААС НЭР БҮХИЙ 6 ШҮҮГЧИЙГ ШАЛГАЖ ЭХЭЛЖЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/15     МОНГОЛ УЛС ДЭЛХИЙН 77 ОРОНД БАРАА ЭКСПОРТОЛСНООС ХЯТАДАД 93%-ИЙГ НЬ НИЙЛҮҮЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14     АВТО МАШИНЫ ИМПОРТ 2018 ОНД 30% ӨСӨЖ, 86,296-Д ХҮРЧЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/14    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Mongolia’s immigration officials visit South Korea www.akipress.com

Delegates led by D. Murun, Chairman of Mongolia Immigration Agency, paid an official visit to Seoul, the Republic of Korea from July 29 to August 1 at the invitation of Korea Immigration Service of the Ministry of Justice, Montsame reports.
Alongside seeing activities of Korea Immigration Service, the delegates held several official meetings and exchanged views on multilateral issues, including expansion of further cooperation and improvement of travel conditions of people.

During the meetings, Mongolian side put requests forward Korean side to resolve some matters, such as to study possibilities to facilitate issuance of Korean visa to family members of Mongolians working in South Korea under the employment contract; to issue multiple entry visa to Mongolians under the 2012 intergovernmental agreement as well as to eliminate practices of rejecting Mongolians who obtained Korean visa according the applicable regulations to enter Korea at the border. The Korean side accepted the requests positively.

Moreover, the sides signed a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between Mongolia Immigration Office at ‘Chinggis Khaan’ International Airport and Immigration Service at Gimhae International Airport of Busan.

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BoM Vice President meets authorities of Mongolian Gold Producers' Association www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Vice President of the Bank of Mongolia (BoM) B.Lkhagvasuren held meeting with representatives of the Mongolian Gold Producers' Association (MGPA) within the framework of the ‘National Gold to the Fund of Treasures’ campaign.

During the meeting the gold producers pointed out some difficulties they face. Tax rate for an economic entity incorporated in Mongolia is ten per cent for the first MNT3 million and MNT300 million, plus 25 percent for all income exceeding MNT3 billion (the Article No.17.1 of the Law on Corporate Income Tax). The tax rate burdens gold mining companies and revoking licenses in some instances slows down gold mining process, too many unnecessary inspections are carried out from relevant authorities, complained the gold miners, noting the necessity of citizens and civil servants' correct understanding on gold mining.

Vice President of BoM B.Lkhagvasuren informed on the planned measures to be taken by the Mongolbank. The BoM has developed a bill and is cooperating with relevant government agencies to extend the term of the Article 47.3.3 of the Minerals Law, ‘Royalty for gold sold to the BoM and authorized banks, as stipulated in article 47.3.2 of this Law, is equal to 2.5 percent, additional fees set forth in Article 47.5 of this Law is equal to 0 percent’ until January 1, 2024.

Mr. B.Lkhagvasuren also pledged to meet with relevant government organizations on the issues of overlapping inspections conducted by aimag and soum authorities, special inspection offices, environmental inspectors and police officers, reducing the red tape and supporting responsible mining. Moreover, he emphasized the preparation work for establishing precious metals assay laboratory in rural areas and works for supporting mining and export of ecological gold.

Within the framework of the ‘National Gold to the Fund of Treasures’ campaign, the parties agreed to organize a joint meeting to improve awareness of gold mining to relevant officials of public organizations, local administrations and citizens in October this year.

B.Misheel

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Nearly 30,000 people opened brokerage accounts since beginning of 2018 www.gogo.mn

In the first seven months of 2018, roughly 30,000 individuals and entities opened brokerage accounts. The Mongolian Central Securities Depository reported that domestic citizens account for 99.7 percent of the new brokerage account holders, while foreign citizens make up 0.21 percent of the total share. The number of newly-opened brokerage accounts quadrupled compared to the same period in 2017.

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Taiwan's export to Mongolia increases two times www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ As of the first five months of 2018, Taiwan exported goods worth USD 4.9 million to Mongolia. Thus, the country’s export volume raised by USD 3.8 million or 2.25 times compared to total export of 2017, reports the Taipei Trade and Economic Representative Office in Ulaanbaatar.

Mongolia mostly imports electronic devices and equipment from Taiwan.

"Raised export volume of Taiwan is an indication of Mongolia’s economic revival. On the other hand, it is a result of a policy ‘Connecting Taiwan-Mongolian businesses and entities’ being realized by the Taipei Trade and Economic Representative Office in Ulaanbaatar. It is commendable that the Government of Mongolia is focusing attention to develop small and medium enterprises. Taiwan is experienced in boosting SMEs. We have advantages to offset each other's disadvantages," said Huang Kuo-Jung, Representative of Taipei Trade and Economic Representative Office in Ulaanbaatar.

Moreover, he cited that the parties mutually established Representative Offices in 2002 and 2003 and emphasized the Government of Taiwan has opened a line of credit worth USD 20 million in five commercial banks of Mongolia through the Export-Import Bank of Taiwan in 2003, paying attention to strengthening Taiwan-Mongolian business cooperation. Consequently, it provided conditions to Mongolian entities and businesses to raise funds and to create financial sources.

B.Batchimeg

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Mongolia launches campaign to disinfect livestock www.xinhuanet.com

ULAN BATOR, Aug. 6 (Xinhua) -- Mongolia has launched a campaign to disinfect all livestock to prevent animal diseases, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry Batjargal Batzorig said Monday.

"Today, the national campaign began from (the) eastern provinces, namely Dornod, Sukhbaatar and Khentii," the minister said at a press conference. "We ... hope that this campaign will improve the productivity of livestock."

Nearly 70 percent of Mongolia's livestock have skin diseases, he said.

Mongolia is one of the last nomadic countries in the world. As of 2017, its livestock population was 66.2 million.

Animal husbandry is the backbone of the national economy with nearly 40 percent of the nomadic population depending on animal husbandry for their livelihood.

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Alibaba merging China food delivery units to counter Tencent-backed Meituan - sources www.reuters.com

HONG KONG (Reuters) - Alibaba Group (BABA.N) plans to merge its food delivery units and raise funds for the combined business, intensifying a battle with Tencent-backed Meituan Dianping for dominance of China’s booming on-demand services market, four people told Reuters.

The Alibaba units to be merged include food delivery platform Ele.me and food and lifestyle services firm Koubei, the people said. Alibaba is looking to raise between $3 billion and $5 billion for the combined entity, said one of the sources. The entity could be valued at up to $25 billion, said another.

A Hong Kong-based Alibaba task force is working on the merger and fundraising for the combined entity, according to two of the people.

Alibaba’s units and Meituan, backed by social media and gaming giant Tencent Holdings (0700.HK), are fighting for supremacy in China’s buoyant online-to-offline (O2O) market where apps link smartphone users with bricks-and-mortar businesses to provide local food delivery and other offerings.

“Alibaba and Meituan are the two main companies that can offer comprehensive O2O services,” said Mo Jia, a Shanghai-based research analyst with technology consultancy Canalys. “Alibaba’s three units are complementary to each other and it has strategic logic to merge them into one platform to compete with Meituan.”

One of the people said the fundraising was expected to launch later this year. The person said the new unit would also include Alibaba’s Hema Fresh, a chain of cashless supermarkets offering fresh produce and food delivery.

Alibaba, which also handles media queries for Koubei and Hema, declined to comment. A spokesman for Ele.me denied the merger and fundraising plan. All the people declined to be named as the information is confidential.

The value of O2O transactions in China jumped 72 percent last year to $146 billion, according to Chinese research firm Analysys.

According to a June report by Chinese research firm iiMedia Research, Ele.me and Baidu Waimai, which Ele.me acquired a year ago, held a combined 55 percent of China’s food delivery market in the first quarter compared with Meituan’s 41 percent.

China’s biggest ride-hailing firm Didi Chuxing also entered the fray in April launching its own food delivery service.

Meituan Dianping is expected to raise more than $4 billion when it floats in Hong Kong in the coming months. Last year the company was valued at $30 billion in a fundraising round.

In April, Alibaba bought the shares it did not already own in Ele.me in an all-cash deal that valued the startup at $9.5 billion. The e-commerce giant and its financial affiliate Ant Financial Services Group previously owned a 43 stake in the business, whose name roughly translates to “Hungry?”.

Koubei, founded in 2015 as a 50-50 joint venture of Alibaba and Ant Financial, had a valuation of $8 billion at the end of 2017, according to a list of unicorns published by a unit under China’s Ministry of Science & Technology in March. Silver Lake, CDH Investments, Yunfeng Capital and Primavera Capital joined as investors in a January 2017 funding round.

Ant Financial declined to comment.

There are no publicly available numbers for Hema, which was founded two years ago as part of Alibaba’s retail push and now operates more than 60 supermarkets in 13 cities in China, according to its website.

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Coal miners to see improved finances: BMI www.mining.com

A new report by BMI Research states that despite coal being an increasingly targeted commodity on environmental protection grounds, the demand remains strong due to the economic aspect of the fossil fuel and therefore producers will see improving financials over the coming years.

According to BMI, major coal miners have already displayed positive financial performance in FY2017 and H118, aided by the significant rally in coal prices and better management strategies. In the researcher’s view, this trend is likely to go on.

“For instance, the world’s largest coal miner China Shenhua Energy's net debt to EBITDA decreased from 1.0x in FY2015 to 0.2x in FY2017. US coal miner Peabody Energy Corp’s net debt to EBITDA also decreased substantially from 40.7x in FY2016 to 0.1x in FY2017 after the company filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2016 and streamlined its operations. While not a dedicated coal miner, diversified miner Glencore with significant exposure to coal and a reputation of prioritising coal at a time when others are exiting the industry continues to lower its debt load. The company's net debt reduced to $10.7 billion in FY2017 compared to $15.5 billion in FY2016. The company's debt to EBITDA ratio is at a multi-year low of 2.7x,” the report reads.

BMI suggests that Asian producers will continue to outperform in terms of financial gains due to proximity to demand markets and availability of deposits, while producers in western countries including the United States and Europe will face increasing costs and greater environmental scrutiny.

In its outlook, BMI considers that although times are tempting for miners to resume aggressive acquisitions amid better performance and a pickup in coal prices, it is not expected that they will increase capital expenditures significantly. “This is because as a group, coal miners are still low on free cash flow although firms including China Shenhua, Coal India and Adaro Energy that have substantially better balance sheets distort the total. Compared to a total of $11.8 billion spent on capex in FY2016 by the top 33 coal mining companies on Bloomberg's top coal mining competitive peers Index, spending got reduced to $9.6 billion in FY2017,” the firm’s document states.

In this context, it is expected that capex for most coal miners will mostly be spent on sustaining existing operations, innovation to improve operational efficiency, and expanding growth assets as minimal investment in greenfield projects will continue.

This is particularly the case for US miners, who will see cost inflation become a larger challenge because it will eat into margins. In Q118, the three largest US coal miners, including Cloud Peak Energy and Arch Coal, reported higher y-o-y costs per tonne, citing higher fuel costs, repairs, and lower volumes sold.

According to BMI, Chinese miners will also be at a disadvantage despite the weakening Chinese yuan that will work to offset some losses. “For instance, production costs, including transportation, depreciation and tax, jumped 11% on average to about CNY272/tonne of coal mined in FY2017 at China Shenhua Energy, China Coal and Yanzhou Coal. Costs at midsize Chinese mines rocketed by 17% to about CNY328/tonne of coal mined in FY2017 according to Bloomberg. Additionally, increasing mine-safety and emissions standards as per the country's strict adherence to environmental targets and substantial compensation payments to displaced workers of mine closures will continue to plague the sector,” the forecast concludes.

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Russia sets standards for organic food production www.rt.com

President Vladimir Putin has signed a new law regulating production, storing and transportation of organic produce in Russia. The decree bans agrochemicals, pesticides, antibiotics growth stimulators and hormones.
The new law, previously approved by both chambers of the Russian Parliament, will enter force on January 1, 2020. The regulation introduces references to “organic produce,”“manufacturer of organic produce” and “organic agriculture,” as well as sets control over producing, storing, labeling, selling and transporting goods of the kind.

The legislation doesn’t cover such goods as perfumery, cosmetics, and medicines, forest plants seeds, hunting and fishing produce apart from aquaculture.

Similar regulations have been approved by more than 80 countries so far. The first attempts to adopt the measure in Russia were taken 15 years ago. The legislation may help Russia take 25 percent stake in the global organic produce market, said Russia’s Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev earlier this year.

The measure, which also includes creating of a national register, will help to force dishonest players out of the market and will have a positive impact on the quality of organic products, according to State Duma speaker Vyacheslav Volodin.

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Why a nomadic homestay in Mongolia is the ultimate camping experience www.independent.co.uk

“That’s dinner,” my host told me, gesturing to the lone sheep tethered outside my guest ger that bleated gently as I returned from an invigorating six-mile trek through the pastel green hills to see the ruins of the Erdene Khambiin Khiid monastery.

Within two hours, the animal was slaughtered, shorn, blowtorched and butchered for the pot, leaving nothing to waste. It was a brutal lesson in the realities of nomadic life, which balances freedom, fresh air, and the vast Mongolian countryside with the challenges of self-sufficient and utterly remote living.

I was experiencing a nomadic family homestay in Khogno Tarna national park, attempting to switch off from my overwhelming city life by embracing a simpler way of being. The park offered the ultimate opportunity to get off grid, with grazing animals outnumbering people, vehicles and homes combined, and the evening entertainment consisting of a sky full of stars.

It was also a staging post for reaching Kharkhorim, the long destroyed capital of Ghengis Khan.

I was staying with Khadu, 40, his wife Oyon, 38, and three of their four children, 180 miles from the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The family had three gers – circular structured tents insulated with wool and pitched around a wood-burning stove. Two of them were kept for guests, usually brought by a small Mongolian agency, Nomad Planet, with whom the family have collaborated for a decade.

Six hard single beds lined my guest ger in a hexagon around a woodburner, the flue poking through the centre of the tent. Unnecessary in the summer, the family explained it was kept burning constantly during winter, including throughout the night.

The modest camp, which also included a 4x4, a motorbike and a couple of rickety animal pens, was set upon a small, sandy knoll in between folds of rocky hills, a small lake and the rolls of the Elsen Tasarkhai sand dunes. Only a handful of other gers were visible for miles.

With no running water, Khadu fetched supplies for cooking and washing daily from the province’s well. The toilet was an open-air pit straddled with two planks and sheltered on three sides by a makeshift cubicle. By the time the sun reached its zenith, it was swarming with flies.

Food was predominantly animal produce: salty milk tea was all the family drank, and it was also used to warm up dried meat.

But what was lacking in amenities was amply compensated by nature. Only the lowing of the cows broke the dawn peace, and with the only electricity provided by a solar panel and a car battery in the main family ger, the pace of life fell into the circadian rhythm of the long summer days.

“I tried living in the city for a month and it felt like 10 years,” said Khadu, explaining that when the seasons were stable, his family might move four times in a year, seeking shelter in the valleys from the unforgiving winter winds and snow. “Here, it’s easy. If you need money, you sell an animal. If you need food, you kill an animal.”

It felt like an oversimplification but the family’s day-to-day life certainly seemed low-stress. There was a steady flow of activities involving the entire family, from milking the cows to keeping watch over the herds, making yoghurt, butter and curd, and maintaining the gers.

Guests were welcome to help; otherwise, we were left to relax, take in the scenery and go exploring on foot, horseback or in an all-terrain vehicle (ATV). From the serene grounds of the Lama Erdene monastery at the foot of Khogno Khan mountain to the sand dunes at sunset, the attractions were all free, deserted and set beautifully in nature.

I helped Oyon and her 14-year-old daughter Nandin make traditional dumplings filled with mutton and chopped vegetables, which they expertly crafted by hand to steam over the woodburner.

One morning, the Buddhist calendar indicated it was a good day for a haircut so Khadu shaved his seven-year-old son Luvsan’s head. Later, he sharpened his scissors to shear the sheep.

In the afternoon, I helped the children herd the goats, bred for their cashmere. It took some time to move them along from a patch of grass, mainly thanks to Luvsan’s pet kid Zuzu, an orphaned black goat that insisted on being carried and was bottle-fed like a baby.

Such tenderness and care for the goats followed by the killing of a sheep for food highlighted the completeness of their relationship with animals. And even the inherently violent act of slaughter was performed with respect: Khadu maintained that the traditional method of stunning the animal, slitting its stomach and pinching its main artery was the most humane way. The sheep was quickly senseless, and dead within two minutes.

Cooked in a pot with water, hot stones, potatoes, onions and carrots, it was enough to feed 15 to 20 people. Everyone ate hunks of flesh, fat and skin using their fingers and a sharp knife, leaving nothing behind except the offal, which would be used later by the family.

On the day I left, Khadu was up early to say goodbye before setting off to hunt wolves in the nearby sand dunes. The family had heard them attacking the sheep overnight and had gathered their neighbours to hunt the animals before they could kill more. The men set off on horseback and motorbikes with old rifles slung across their backs, slipping into the folds of the distant sand dunes without looking back.

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63 killed in Mongolia floods www.xinhuanet.com

ULAN BATOR, Aug. 6 (Xinhua) -- Floods in Mongolia have killed 63 people, including 15 children, so far this year, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) said Monday.

"Two deaths were reported last weekend," the NEMA said in a statement, warning that the water in major rivers had risen to dangerous levels and urging residents living along rivers to take precautions.

Heavy downpours have been hitting Mongolia since the beginning of July, triggering massive flooding in some areas.

Meteorologists said the heavy rainfall will not stop until mid August.

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