1 CONSTRUCTION OF TAVANTOLGOI-GASHUUNSUKHAIT ROAD TO BE INTENSIFIED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      2 OVER 30 MEASURES PLANNED FOR REDUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      3 MONGOLIA SAYS IT EARNS OVER 169 MLN USD FROM COAL EXPORTS TO CHINA IN JAN WWW.HELLENICSHIPPINGNEWS.COM  PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      4 RUSSIA’S GAZPROM TO START CHINA GAS PIPELINE BY DECEMBER 1 WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      5 MONGOLIA'S FOREIGN TRADE UP 41.6 PCT IN JAN. WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      6 EIGHT COMPANIES ANNOUNCE TO DISBURSE DIVIDENDS SO FAR WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      7 MONGOLIA'S PROSTITUTION ZONES, WHERE WOMEN TRADE SEX FOR FUEL IN SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES WWW.TELEGRAPH.CO.UK PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      8 MONGOLIA TO SUSPEND KFC OUTLETS FOR INQUIRY AFTER FOOD POISONING REPORTS WWW.CNBC.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      9 MIAT TO FLY BETWEEN ULAANBAATAR AND GUANGZHOU WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      10 NEW BOOK ABOUT MONGOL EMPIRE’S IMPACT ON ISLAM WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      УУХҮЯ: II САРЫН БАЙДЛААР НИЙТ НУТАГ ДЭВСГЭРИЙН 5.6 ХУВЬД АШИГТ МАЛТМАЛЫН ЛИЦЕНЗ ОЛГОСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     300 ОРТОЙ ТӨРӨХ ЭМНЭЛГИЙН БАРИЛГЫН АЖИЛ 80%-Д ХҮРЧ ГУРАВДУГААР САРЫН 1-НЭЭС ДУЛААНД ХОЛБОГДОХООР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     II/19-НИЙ ДОТОР 24 ХК НОГДОЛ АШИГ ОЛГОХТОЙ ХОЛБООТОЙ ШИЙДВЭРЭЭ ГАРГАЖ , СЗХ-НД ХҮРГҮҮЛСЭН БАЙНА WWWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     ӨНГӨРСӨН САРД 23.9 МЯНГАН ЖУУЛЧИН ХҮЛЭЭН АВЧЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     ЭРЧИМ ХҮЧНИЙ ИМПОРТ БУУРЧЭЭ WWW.EAGLE.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     ТАТВАР ТӨЛДӨГ 191 МЯНГАН ААН-Н 95.9 ХУВЬ НЬ БИЧИЛ БИЗНЕС ЭРХЭЛДЭГ WWW.EAGLE.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     НИЙТ НУТГИЙН 70 ОРЧИМ ХУВЬ НЬ ЦАСТАЙ БАЙНА WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     ХАНБОГД-ОЮУТОЛГОЙГ ХОЛБОСОН ЗАМЫН НЭЭЛТ БОЛЛОО WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     ЗГҮЦ-ЫН АНХДАГЧ ЗАХ ЗЭЭЛИЙН АРИЛЖАА МХБ-ИЙН ҮЙЛ АЖИЛЛАГААНЫ ОРЛОГО БУУРЧЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/19     “TEMASEK HOLDINGS” КОМПАНИ “TRQ” ДЭХ ЭЗЭМШЛИЙН ХУВИА 28 ХУВИАР БУУРУУЛАВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/19    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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EdCC exchange student from Mongolia missing since July 1 www.heraldnet.com

LYNNWOOD — An Edmonds Community College exchange student from Mongolia has been missing for almost three weeks, Lynnwood police said Wednesday.

Battulga Batbold, 23, was last seen the evening of July 1 at his apartment in the 20400 block of 68th Avenue W. His nickname is Tulga and he has no family in the area, police said.

He is described as Asian, 5 feet, 4 inches tall and 120 pounds. Police don’t know what he was wearing when he was last seen.

Anyone with information should contact detective Sgt. Doug Teachworth at 425-670-5616, by email at dteachworth@lynnwoodwa.gov or by calling 911

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9.6 thousand foreign workers from 92 countries employing in Mongolia www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ At the end of June 2018, 9.6 thousand foreign workers from 92 countries were employed under the Labor contract in Mongolia.

Compared with the same period of the previous year, the number of countries increased by 6, while the number of foreign workers decreased by 1.1 thousand people or 10.3 percent. Out of foreign workers in Mongolia, 9.0 thousand or 93.1 percent were male and 0.6 thousand or 6.9 percent were female.

Breakdown of foreign workers shows that 69.6 percent from the People's Republic of China, 4.4 percent from Australia, 3.3 percent from South Korea, 3.1 percent from the Russian Federation, 2.6 percent from USA, 2.2 percent from People’s Republic of Vietnam, 1.8 percent from Philippines, 1.7 percent from Canada, 1.4 percent from England and 9.9 percent from other countries.

Compared to the same period of previous year, the number of foreign workers increased by 91 or 27.7 percent from Australia, by 88 or 2.1 times higher from Philippines, by 49 or 29.7 percent from the People’s Republic of Vietnam, by 36 or 37.1 percent from England, by 8 or 3.3 percent from USA, while it decreased by 167 or 36.0 percent from the Russian Federation, by 131 or 1.9 percent from the People's Republic of China, by 18 or 5.3 percent from South Korea and by 11 or 6.1% percent from Canada.

In the first half of 2018, there are 2.6 thousand foreign workers or 27.0 percent are working in mining and quarrying, 2.1 thousand workers or 21.8 percent in construction, 2.1 thousand workers or 21.6 percent in wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, 0.8 thousand workers or 8.0 percent in manufacturing, 0.7 thousand workers or 6.7 percent in education and 1.4 thousand workers or 14.9 percent in other sectors of economic activity.

Source: nso.mn

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Market capitalization of listed domestic companies reaches MNT 2.5 trillion www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The money supply reached MNT 17.3 trillion at the end of June 2018, showing an increase of MNT 304.0 billion or 1.8 percent from the previous month and by MNT 3.9 trillion or 28.7 percent from the same period of the previous year.

The amount of outstanding loan to entities, enterprises and citizens amounted MNT 15.4 trillion, increased by MNT 2.5 trillion or 19.4 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Principals in arrears amounted MNT 829.5 billion, increased by MNT 32.5 billion or 4.1 percent from the same period of the previous year. The principals in arrears makes up to 5.4 percent of total loans, showing a decrease of 0.8 points from the same period of the previous year.

The non-performing loans at the level of the bank system amounted MNT 1.3 trillion, increased and by MNT 184.7 billion or 16.3 percent from the same period of the previous year. The non-performing loans at the level of the bank makes up to 8.5 percent of total loans.

In the first half of 2018, 384.9 million pieces of securities worth of MNT 290.7 billion were traded on the national stock market, which is decreased by MNT 501.8 billion or 63.3 percent compared to the same period of previous year. The number of traded securities increased by MNT 333.7 million or 7.5 times compared to the same period of previous year.

Trade of government bonds in secondary markets amounted MNT 240.9 billion in the first half of 2018, which decreased by MNT 105.5 billion or 30.5 percent compared to the same period of 2017.

The average index of the top 20 securities listed on the Mongolia Stock Exchange reached 19737.5 units, increased by 184 units from the previous month and by 7153.6 units from the same period of 2017.

Total value of joint stock companies listed on stock market reached MNT 2.5 trillion, increased by MNT 984.2 billion or 65.7 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Average exchange rate of MNT to US dollars announced from Bank of Mongolia in June 2018 was MNT 2432.30, which depreciated by 2.7 percent from the same period of the previous year and 1.1 percent from the previous month.

Source: National Statistics Office

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Parliamentary working group to report on OT agreement review

In April, a Mongolian parliamentary working group was formed to review the implementation of the 2009 Oyu Tolgoi Investment Agreement between the Government and the UK-based Rio Tinto Group. Now, the working group is ready to deliver its findings to parliament on the implementation of the Investment Agreement. According to D.Terbishdagva, head of the working group, the report consists of reviews send by five sub-groups and 90 percent of all the original tasks have been completed. The reason why it is not totally finished is because the Mongolian National Audit Office and the Independent Authority against Corruption of Mongolia have failed to send their reviews on time. Therefore, the working group is planning to present its report to the Standing Committee without their reviews.

Previously, the working group was led by D.Damba-Ochir. However, he resigned from the position and D.Terbishdagva replaced him. While working as Deputy Prime Minister D. Terbishdagva stated that the OT agreement was ‘profitless’.

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Flooding kills 48 in Mongolia www.xinhuanet.com

ULAN BATOR, July 18 (Xinhua)-- Heavy flooding killed 48 people in Mongolia while downpours in the western Bayan-Ulgii Province affected more than 2,500 people, Mongolian officials said on Wednesday.

The deputy chief of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Brigadier General Gombojav Ariunbuyan, said as of Wednesday morning, over 600 people from 185 households were staying in emergency shelters in eight locations in the province.

The meteorological institute warned that the water levels in major rivers in the western, northern and central parts of the country had risen to dangerous levels. More heavy rain is expected in these areas.

Heavy downpours have been hitting Mongolia since the beginning of July, triggering massive flooding in some areas.

NEMA said floods have claimed 48 lives, including nine children, since the beginning of summer.

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Mongolia debt-rescue anniversary shuns celebration www.atimes.com

A year after the international community assembled a US$5.5 billion emergency package, Mongolian stock and bond performance reflected the escape from a debt crisis, but “more downside than upside risks” persist, according to the International Monetary Fund’s July program review.

The lender released another $35 million of its $435 million three-year facility based on “good progress,” as it urged further steps to strengthen fiscal, balance-of-payments, banking-sector and investment-climate positions. The stock-exchange index is down 5%, outpacing MSCI-tracked frontier markets, and external bond yields at 400 basis points over US Treasuries were firm against general asset class selloffs as Fitch Ratings upgraded the sovereign to a still speculative “B.”

It also elevated two state-owned banks, while noting lingering weakness with the reported 8.5% bad-loan ratio as comprehensive asset quality and stress testing unfold.

Ulaanbaatar was briefly in the geopolitical limelight as a possible host for the inaugural US-North Korea summit, but was sidelined by Singapore’s all-expenses-paid bid and its state-of-the-art infrastructure.

The IMF report too seized upon positive headlines, including 6% first-quarter growth and a 10% international reserve increase to $3.25 billion, but pointed to “core vulnerabilities” such as high commodity reliance, public debt, and bank recapitalization needs.

The next parliamentary elections are due in 2020, when corruption accusations between the main parties and runaway voter spending are also likely to intensify, analysis suggest.

The World Bank predicts 6% growth this year on construction and manufacturing around the Tavan Tolgoi (TT) coal project, while agriculture has yet to recover from the harsh past winter. Another phase of the giant Oyu Tolgoi (OT) copper mine will go online in the medium term to expand exports further, as the Bank recommended greater economic diversification and productivity gains.

Foreign direct investment was $400 million in the first quarter, but strong domestic demand worsened the current account deficit and inflation, now at 8%. The central bank has regularly cut interest rates over the past year but may turn more cautious, especially as it applies more stringent loan-provisioning rules to identify bank capital and liquidity gaps. Corporate credit extension was flat in recent months, after years of double-digit upticks.

Fiscal policy was mixed in Fitch’s view, as “rapid improvement,” with revenue up 25% through May, is offset by “structural reform delays” leaving government debt at 85% of GDP. Fuel subsidies and family social transfers have not been adjusted, and infrastructure concessions and discount mortgages are large liabilities. The Development Bank’s portfolio has not been audited and fully incorporated into the budget, and non-political oversight is lacking. Its overseas borrowing can inject depreciation pressure on the currency, which has steadied over the past year.

Both Fitch and the IMF argue that bank cleanup over the next six months will determine the vitality of policy and practical turnaround. Officials will present a detailed bad-loan resolution strategy and introduce new collateral enforcement and bankruptcy procedures. They may propose a central disposal agency and macro-prudential curbs on household credit, with almost half in danger of default with debt-service-to-income ratios above 60%.

The Financial Action Task Force also criticized lax anti-money-laundering practices, and without action the country could be “gray listed” and cut off from overseas correspondent relationships.

The threat comes as Prime Minister Ukhnaa Khürelsükh broke ground on an oil refinery financed with a $1 billion soft loan from India under a campaign to forge links beyond traditional international mining-company and China-Russia partners. The project was broached during a 2015 visit by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and follows decades of aborted domestic building efforts. The Indian delegation in pointed reference to regional rivals described a “spiritual alliance,” and the plant will eventually boost national output by 10% according to government estimates.

In June, Mining Minister Sumiyabazar Dolgorsuren proposed an initial public offering on local and overseas markets for up to one-third of state company TT shares, reprising previous attempts that valued the transaction at billions of dollars. Underwriters were originally named, but the deal was abandoned when both the government and coal prices collapsed in 2016.

Canadian-owned operator Erdene at the same time became the first cross-listed play on the Mongolian stock exchange with a small $1.5 million capital raising, as more modest feats may have to satisfy fund managers going into the IMF program’s second anniversary.

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Lotte Mart to enter Mongolia next year www.retailanalysis.igd.com

South Korean conglomerate, Lotte, is planning to open to its first Lotte Mart store in Mongolia in the first of half of next year.

The first Lotte Mart store in Mongolia is expected to be opened in Ulaanbaatar next year. Lotte has set up a joint venture with Nomin Holdings, which will sell Lotte’s private label products for the next 10 years. The two companies are initially targeting sales of US$3m a year.

Since last year, Lotte has been selling its private label food products, Only Price, Yorihada and Choice L at four stores, including a state-run department store and two supermarkets owned by Nomin in Ulaanbaatar. The retailer launched its Lotteria fast-food chain in Ulaanbaatar last month, and plans to open ten outlets in the next four years. Stores will operated by Eugenetek Mongolia, who has signed on as a master franchisor.

With Lotte on the verge of exiting China entirely, it is consolidating its operations at home and turning to Vietnam and Mongolia overseas. Fierce South Korean rival, Shinsegae, entered Mongolia in 2016 with Emart via a franchise agreement with Sky Trading, a local distribution unit of Altai Group. With Lotte also planning to enter the market, Mongolian shoppers will have a greater choice of Korean products in addition to Emart.

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US trade war could cost global economy $430 billion, IMF warns www.rt.com

The risk of current trade tensions escalating further is the greatest near-term threat to global growth, said the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its latest World Economic Outlook report.
"Our modeling suggests that if current trade policy threats are realized and business confidence falls as a result, global output could be about 0.5 percent below current projections by 2020," the IMF said, adding that the cost to the global economy could reach $430 billion.

Growth remains generally strong in advanced economies, according to the IMF, which warns it has slowed in many of them, including in the United Kingdom, Japan and countries in the euro area.

“The United States has initiated trade actions affecting a broad group of countries, and faces retaliation or retaliatory threats from China, the European Union, its NAFTA partners, and Japan, among others,” the IMF said.

It added the US could be the “focus of global retaliation” and would be especially vulnerable if President Trump slapped China with $200 billion in fresh tariffs. The world’s two largest economies, the US and China have introduced tariffs of 25 percent on $34 billion of each other’s exports this month.

The Trump administration later accused China of not negotiating “seriously” on trade and released a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese exports that could be subject to new 10-percent tariffs. The new tariffs would kick in within 60 days.

The IMF has urged countries not to look "inward" and to end the trade tensions which continue to dampen growth. “Countries must resist inward-looking thinking and remember that on a range of problems of common interest, multilateral cooperation is vital,” said the IMF’s chief economist Maurice Obstfeld.

The fund has projected 2018 growth of 2.4 percent for the advanced economies which is down 0.1 percentage point from its April World Economic Outlook projection.

“We maintain an unchanged forecast of 2.2 percent growth in those economies for 2019,” the IMF said.

For emerging market and developing economies as a group, the IMF still projects growth rates of 4.9 percent for 2018 and 5.1 percent for 2019.

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US plans G7 talks on China www.nhk.or.jp

The US claims that unfair trade practices by China have caused its trade deficit. And a government official wants the world's major economies to address the issue.

A US treasury official says Secretary Steven Mnuchin plans to hold a meeting with his G7 counterparts.

That would happen on the sidelines of a G20 meeting of finance ministers and central bank governors in Argentina this weekend. The official says Mnuchin will take up what he calls China's theft of technology and trade secrets.

The meeting comes as trade tensions escalate between Washington and Beijing.

The US imposed additional tariffs on a wide range of Chinese imports, and China has struck back with levies on a similar scale.

The senior official added that Mnuchin has no formal bilateral meetings planned with Chinese officials during the G20.

But the Treasury Secretary is scheduled to hold bilateral talks with the finance ministers of Japan, Germany, and Mexico. They are expected to discuss Washington's plan to impose additional tariffs on automobile imports.

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Google hit with record EU fine over Shopping service www.bbc.com

Google has been fined 2.42bn euros ($2.7bn; £2.1bn) by the European Commission after it ruled the company had abused its power by promoting its own shopping comparison service at the top of search results.

The amount is the regulator's largest penalty to date against a company accused of distorting the market.

The ruling also orders Google to end its anti-competitive practices within 90 days or face a further penalty.

The US firm said it may appeal.

However, if it fails to change the way it operates the Shopping service within the three-month deadline, it could be forced to make payments of 5% of its parent company Alphabet's average daily worldwide earnings.

Based on the company's most recent financial report, that amounts to about $14m a day.

The commission said it was leaving it to Google to determine what alterations should be made to its Shopping service rather than specifying a remedy.

"What Google has done is illegal under EU antitrust rules," declared Margrethe Vestager, the European Union's Competition Commissioner.

"It has denied other companies the chance to compete on their merits and to innovate, and most importantly it has denied European consumers the benefits of competition, genuine choice and innovation."

Media captionWATCH: Margrethe Vestager explains how consumers have been harmed by Google's Shopping service
Ms Vestager added that the decision could now set a precedent that determines how she handles related complaints about the prominence Google gives to its own maps, flight price results and local business listings within its search tools.

Google had previously suggested that Amazon and eBay have more influence over the public's spending habits and has again said it does not accept the claims made against it.

"When you shop online, you want to find the products you're looking for quickly and easily," a spokesman said in response to the ruling.

"And advertisers want to promote those same products. That's why Google shows shopping ads, connecting our users with thousands of advertisers, large and small, in ways that are useful for both.

"We respectfully disagree with the conclusions announced today. We will review the Commission's decision in detail as we consider an appeal, and we look forward to continuing to make our case."

Fast growth
Google Shopping displays relevant products' images and prices alongside the names of shops they are available from and review scores, if available.

The details are labelled as being "sponsored", reflecting the fact that, unlike normal search results, they only include items that sellers have paid to appear.

On smartphones, the facility typically dominates "above-the-fold" content, meaning users might not see any traditional links unless they scroll down.

One recent study suggested Shopping accounts for 74% of all retail-related ads clicked on within Google Search results. However, the BBC understands Google's own data indicates the true figure is smaller.

Seven-year probe
The European Commission has been investigating Google Shopping since late 2010.

The probe was spurred on by complaints from Microsoft, among others.

The rival tech giant has opted not to comment on the ruling, after the two struck a deal last year to try to avoid such legal battles in the future.

However, one of the other original complainants - the British price comparison service Foundem - welcomed the announcement.

"Although the record-breaking 2.42bn euro fine is likely to dominate the headlines, the prohibition of Google's immensely harmful search manipulation practices is far more important," said its chief executive Shivaun Raff.

"For well over a decade, Google's search engine has played a decisive role in determining what most of us read, use and purchase online. Left unchecked, there are few limits to this gatekeeper power."

This is a big moment in a clash between the EU and the US's tech giants, which has been going on for more than a decade.

The commission believes it has struck a blow for consumers and for little firms at a time when online advertising - particularly on mobile phones - is dominated by Google and Facebook.

Google believes the regulator has a weak case and has failed to provide evidence that either consumers or rivals have been harmed.

In essence, it sees this as a political move rather than one based on competition law. You can be pretty confident that the Trump administration will share that view.

There's mounting anxiety in European capitals about something called Gafa - Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon - the four American giants that play such a huge role in all of our lives.

That means we can expect further action to try to limit their powers, with the potential for growing political tension between Brussels and Washington.

Although the penalty is record-sized, it could have been bigger.

The commission has the power to fine Alphabet up to 10% of its annual revenue, which was more than $90bn (£70.8bn) in its last financial year.

Alphabet can afford the fine - it currently has more than $172bn of assets.

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