1 FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MONGOLIA’S ROAD TRANSPORT SECTOR BROADENING WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      2 MONGOLIA EXPRESSES READINESS TO CONTRIBUTE TO STRENGTHENING ASIA-EUROPE COOPERATION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      3 OYU TOLGOI FUNDED 35.1 KM ROAD OPENS IN KHANBOGD WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      4 POLYMER BITUMEN TO BE DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      5 KHURELBAATAR CHIMED: 319 ENTITIES DREW LOANS FROM TWO FUNDS WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      6 CONSTRUCTION OF TAVANTOLGOI-GASHUUNSUKHAIT ROAD TO BE INTENSIFIED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      7 OVER 30 MEASURES PLANNED FOR REDUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      8 MONGOLIA SAYS IT EARNS OVER 169 MLN USD FROM COAL EXPORTS TO CHINA IN JAN WWW.HELLENICSHIPPINGNEWS.COM  PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      9 RUSSIA’S GAZPROM TO START CHINA GAS PIPELINE BY DECEMBER 1 WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      10 MONGOLIA'S FOREIGN TRADE UP 41.6 PCT IN JAN. WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      УГСАРМАЛ ОРОН СУУЦНЫ ДУЛААЛГАД ЗОРИУЛЖ 12.7 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙГ УЛСЫН ТӨСВӨӨС ГАРГАХААР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018ОНД ЦАГААН БУДАА , ЭЛСЭН ЧИХЭР , ТАХИАНЫ МАХНЫ ИМПОРТ 24-32 ХУВИАР ӨСЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДЦС IV: 2018 ОНД НИЙТ АШИГ 4.7 ДАХИН ӨСӨЖ , 4.48 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ БОЛСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ТУСГАЙ САНГУУДААС ГАРГАСАН ЗЭЭЛИЙН 100 ОРЧИМ ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ ХУГАЦАА ХЭТЭРСЭН ӨР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН БОРЛУУЛАЛТЫН МЕНЕЖЕРҮҮДИЙН ИНДЕКС СҮҮЛИЙН 12 САРД АНХ УДАА УНАЛТЫН БҮСЭД ШИЛЖИВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018 ОНД ХАМГИЙН ЧИНЭЭЛЭГ БҮЛГИЙН ХЭРЭГЛЭЭ ЯДУУ БҮЛГИЙНХНЭЭС 5.1 ДАХИН ИХ БАЙВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ХОВД ГОЛД ОСОЛДСОН 6 НАСТАЙ ХҮҮХДИЙН ЭРЛИЙГ ЗОГСООЛОО WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДБНХ-НООС П.ОРХОНЫ БАРИЛДАХ ЭРХИЙГ 4 ЖИЛЭЭР ХАСАВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     УУХҮЯ: II САРЫН БАЙДЛААР НИЙТ НУТАГ ДЭВСГЭРИЙН 5.6 ХУВЬД АШИГТ МАЛТМАЛЫН ЛИЦЕНЗ ОЛГОСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     300 ОРТОЙ ТӨРӨХ ЭМНЭЛГИЙН БАРИЛГЫН АЖИЛ 80%-Д ХҮРЧ ГУРАВДУГААР САРЫН 1-НЭЭС ДУЛААНД ХОЛБОГДОХООР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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IMF Executive Board Completes Fifth Review under the Extended Arrangement for Mongolia and Approves US$ 36.22 Million Disbursement www.imf.org

On October 31, 2018, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) completed the fifth review of Mongolia’s performance under the program supported by a three-year extended arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF). Completion of the review enables Mongolia to draw the equivalent of SDR 26.2088 million (about US$ 36.22 million), bringing total disbursements under the arrangement to SDR 157.2454 million (about US$ 217.33 million).

Mongolia continues to perform well under the program. The combination of strong policy implementation and a supportive external environment has helped the authorities meet all end-September 2018 quantitative targets under the program, with significant over-performance on fiscal targets. Progress has also been made on structural reforms, albeit with some delays.

Mongolia’s three-year extended arrangement was approved on May 24, 2017, in an amount equivalent to SDR 314.5054 million, or about US$ 434.3 million1 at the time of approval of the arrangement (see Press Release No. 17/193 ). The government’s Economic Recovery Program, supported by the IMF, aims to stabilize the economy, reduce the fiscal deficit and debt, rebuild foreign exchange reserves, introduce measures to mitigate the boom-bust cycle and promote sustainable and inclusive growth.

Following the Executive Board’s discussion of the review, Mr. Mitsuhiro Furusawa, Acting Chair and Deputy Managing Director, said:

"Mongolia continues to make good progress under the Fund-supported program. Helped by favorable commodity exports, a recovery in confidence, and strong program implementation, growth has accelerated further, leading to improvements in the fiscal position and debt dynamics. The fiscal accounts have posted a primary surplus, reflecting both a sharp increase in revenues and continued expenditure restraint. Meanwhile, past over-performance allowed the authorities to meet key reserve targets, despite a recent rise in balance of payments pressures.

“In the financial sector, the focus remains the follow-up to the Asset Quality Review (AQR). Select banks are in the process of booking the results of the AQR and subsequent on-site inspections. They are also now raising the needed capital to address identified shortfalls by the end-December 2018 deadline. The Bank of Mongolia will remain focused on ensuring financial sector stability throughout the process.

“Notwithstanding this progress, Mongolia remains vulnerable to external and domestic shocks. It is therefore crucial to take advantage of the still favorable economic environment to further bolster fiscal and external buffers, strengthen the banking sector, and improve the investment climate. In addition, the authorities should continue efforts to protect social spending, strengthen tax administration, and improve public financial management. A dedicated implementation of the authorities’ reform program is key to build resilience against shocks and ensure sustainable, inclusive growth.”

IMF Communications Department
MEDIA RELATIONS
PRESS OFFICER: TING YAN

PHONE: +1 202 623-7100EMAIL: MEDIA@IMF.ORG

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Mongolia wants Rio to work with Tavan Tolgoi www.afr.com

Mongolian mining minister Sumiyabazar Dolgorsuren says he hopes Rio Tinto's Oyu Tolgoi copper mine will have a working relationship with the operator of the country's Tavan Tolgoi coal mine, but says he is flexible as to whether a power station should be built at the coal mine or at the copper mine.

Supply of power to Oyu Tolgoi, Rio's top global growth project, has become a major issue in 2018 after Mongolia terminated an agreement that allowed Rio and its subsidiaries to import the mine's power supply from China.

Rio now needs to find a domestic power source by 15 February 2022, which will almost certainly require the construction of new power generation in the developing Asian nation.

Rio's preference is to build a power station at the Oyu Tolgoi site in the South Gobi desert, but the Mongolian government is rumoured to favour construction of a power station at Tavan Tolgoi, which is currently managed by state-owned mining company Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi.

Despite those rumours, Mr Dolgorsuren said he was open to the idea of a power station being built at Oyu Tolgoi, which is currently the subject of a $US5.3 billion ($7.4 billion) expansion.

"In regards to the power plant project we hope that Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi and Oyu Tolgoi can cooperate on this and have a working relationship in order to resolve this issue," he told The Australian Financial Review at Melbourne's International Mining and Resources Conference.

"From my point of view I believe that whether it can be built on the Tavan Tolgoi site or on the Oyu Tolgoi site, with regards to choosing which one, I am quite flexible on that."

Listing decision
The Mongolian government is hoping to conduct an initial public offering (IPO) for Tavan Tolgoi in mid 2019 and is weighing up whether to list the company in Hong Kong or New York.

Mr Dolgorsuren, who represented Mongolia in wrestling at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, said his team were currently working to secure investment banks and underwriters to advise on the IPO, and he said strong coal prices were creating an incentive to push ahead with the float swiftly.

"This is something that a lot of people are waiting for and we are working very hard to ensure that we can do this in time because currently the commodity prices are rising and operations are quite stable therefore we believe we will be able to do the IPO," he said.

"We hope this mine could become a large player within the coal industry and in order to do this there are many infrastructure projects that we have to complete as well, and this includes the railway and power station and all the other plants we have to build.

"We plan to do the IPO around 2019 between April to June so this is our targeted time, however before this we would have to procure the consulting companies we have to work with and the investment banks, underwriters and book runners, and these are things we are doing at the moment right now.

"In terms of the stock exchanges, the cabinet has given directions to study the Hong Kong and the New York stock exchange, so these are two stock exchanges we are looking at at the moment."

The focus on Hong Kong and New York exchanges rather than the ASX comes after US coal miner Coronado's disappointing IPO on the ASX last week, which saw the stock initially price at the lower end of the expected range, and then slide sharply in its first few days of trading.

2018 has been a turbulent year in the relationship between Rio and the Mongolian government, with a working party from the Mongolian government reviewing the investment agreement that covers Oyu Tolgoi, while Mongolian tax authorities have also accused the miner's subsidiaries of having unpaid taxes.

There has also been an international investigation into the conduct of the Mongolian politicians who signed off on the Oyu Tolgoi investment agreement in 2009.

Despite the renewed turbulence, Mr Dolgorsuren said his government was mindful of the need to offer stability and security to foreign investors.

"There are around 50 Australian companies operating in Mongolia, companies with Australian investors, therefore it is very important to ensure that these foreign investors are protected and the environment is favourable for them to invest in Mongolia," he said.

Other ASX listed companies operating in Mongolia include copper explorer Xanadu, Aspire Mining and Terracom.

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Mongolia exports over 31,000 tons of meat in first three quarters www.xinhuanet.com

ULAN BATOR, Oct. 31 (Xinhua) -- Mongolia exported more than 31 thousand tons of meat and meat products in the first three quarters of 2018, an increase of roughly 20 percent compared to last year, official data showed Wednesday.

More than half of the total exported meat in the first three quarters of this year, or 16,741 tons, was horse meat according to the Mongolian Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry.

Mongolia currently exports meat and meat products to China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Japan, Iran and Vietnam.

The Asian country, one of the last nomadic countries in the world, has more than 66.2 million livestock animals as of the end of 2017.

Mongolia has been striving to develop its food and agriculture sector in a bid to diversify its mining-dependent economy. It aims to raise meat exports tenfold in the coming years.

Currently, there are some 40 meat processing enterprises in the country with special licenses to export meat and meat products.

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Mongolia, Russia, Balkans Spooked by Halloween www.tol.org

Ulaanbaatar bans celebrations in schools, while Russian parliamentarian warns that it can “draw children to mysticism, Satanism, and suicide.”
31 October 2018
Beloved and widely celebrated in the United States and some other parts of the world, Halloween and its traditions have been slow to be embraced elsewhere. Despite its growing popularity among Mongolian children, the authorities have prohibited its celebration in the country’s educational establishments through a directive sent to all schools by the Ministry of Education, Reuters writes.

“Generally, it’s all about the children’s attitude. Some may get into their roles too deeply or misuse [Halloween] and have a negative social effect. For this reason, it has been decided not to celebrate,” G. Erdenechimeg, a social worker at a school in the capital Ulaanbaatar, told Reuters.

The ban might also have its roots in fears that the adoption of such a holiday could be detrimental to the preservation of the traditionally nomadic and Buddhist Mongolian culture.

Similar arguments were wielded by Russian conservatives and religious groups that called for a ban of Halloween celebrations in their country, The Moscow Times writes. An archpriest from the Moscow region told Orthodox believers not to go “into those stinking taverns and get drunk among all those pumpkins with candles” on such a day intended for “unscrupulous and brainless people.”

Parliamentary member Vitaly Milonov echoed such views and asked for a ban, state-owned RT.com writes. “This holiday has pagan, anti-Christian roots,” Milonov said. “It’s well-known that it’s based on worshiping dark forces and Satan as well as glorifying the grim Celtic cult of death.”

Russia is not the only country in TOL’s region where such opinions can be found. Last year, Bosnia’s Republika Srpska forbade kindergartens and elementary schools in the majority-Serb and majority-Orthodox entity to celebrate the holiday, Balkan Insight writes. Traditionalist groups that successfully lobbied the Ministry of Education in favor of such a ban said that it “celebrated the pagan cult of death," and that, by using "innocent children's games," it leads young people to "sectarianism and Satanism."

A municipality in Bulgaria, a fellow Balkan and Orthodox nation, also banned the celebration of Halloween in schools, kindergartens, and cultural centers in 2017, The Sofia Globe wrote at the time. Bulgaria celebrates Day of the Enlighteners on 1 November, which honors prominent cultural figures. However, some children believed that they had a day off on that occasion because of Halloween, the mayor of the municipality said while speaking about the ban.

In their turn, some Mongolian traditions have raised eyebrows elsewhere in the world. Human rights groups and international organizations have criticized the Mongolian custom of using child jockeys because the dangers the participants face while racing. Children as young as five compete in hundreds of races each year, although seven is the minimum age.

Halloween draws its roots from Samhain, a three-day ancient Celtic pagan festival symbolizing death and rebirth, which marked the end of summer and the beginning of the Celtic new year, Time Magazine writes. Participants in the celebrations accompanying the festival often wore costumes of animals or beasts, in the belief that such disguises would keep away potentially harmful, otherworldly spirits.

According to EU statistics agency Eurostat, Poland is one of the top five producers of pumpkins and gourds in the EU, ranking fifth with a harvest of 75,000 tons produced in 2017. The Central European country was followed by Bulgaria and Romania, each of them with a yield of around 20,000 tons during the same year.
Compiled by Ioana Caloianu

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Concession on constructions of three route from Tavantolgoi approved www.zgm.mn

Cabinet approved to sign three concession agreements on road construction from Tavantolgoi during its regular session yesterday. Accordingly, a concession on establishing 250 km long heavy duty road in Tavantolgoi-Gashuunsukhait route with Tal Nutgiin Khugjiliin Zam LLC under “Design-build-use-transfer” terms. The company is obliged to construct the road within 2.5 years once the agreement enters into force and will transfer to the State after using for 12 years. The Government will not issue any financial support or guarantee for Tal Nutgiin Khugjliin Zam LLC in constructing the road. Cabinet views that the establishment of the road is expected to increase in and outflow of the coal export route, which accounts for 50-60 percent of total coal export, and reduce environmental impact. Furthermore, another concession on establishing 270 km road from the end of Tavantolgoi-BaruuNaran route to Tsagaan Del border checkpoint will be signed with Undrakh Gobi LLC under “Design-build-use-transfer” terms. As the previous agreement, the Government will not be providing financial support or guarantee. After discussing the process of Tavantolgoi-Khanbogd-Khangi route road, the Cabinet ordered the Director General of National Development Agency Bayarsaikhan Banzragch to establish a concession with Nako LLC as specified on the Parliament’s 73rd resolution of 2018.

State Housing Corporation changed from SOE to LLC

With an aim to improve accountability, monitoring and management, the Cabinet changed the ownership status of State Housing Corporation state-owned enterprise to limited liability company. Officials explain that this will allow the company to have a board and introduce corporate governance, ultimately establishing monitoring on executives and creating opportunities of collective decision-making. In 2013-2016, the company implemented “Buyant Ukhaa-1”, “Byant Ukhaa-2” “1000 household accommodation for each aimag” and “Rental Housing” projects and programs, during which the authorities made decisions based on conflict of interest due to political and other influences, causing insufficient financing for projects, disregarding potential risks, misuse of income and lack of monitoring system. Due to these issues, the company now has over MNT 370 billion in debt.

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Mongolia’s livestock population exceeds environmental limits www.news.mn

Herding is a way of life for over a third of Mongolians, and of symbolic importance to the whole country. As for 2017, the number of head of livestock in the country reached 66.2 million. However, the increasing animal population has surpassed its environmental limits, resulting in the now widespread degradation of grasslands. According to a study, the number of livestock has now exceeded the safe environmental-balance line by 25 million head.

But in a time when climate change and extreme weather is becoming the norm, herders prefer to have 1000 livestock rather than 100 animals because they consider number of sheep, cows and other animals as a guarantee safeguarding their income and the livelihood of their families. So, at least, when the ever more common and increasingly severe dzud occurs (a Mongolian word meaning extreme winter weather), decimating their herds, the herders will be secure in the knowledge that enough animals have survived.

How one reconciles the reality of the precarious short-term economic needs of the herders with the future of Mongolia’s once pristine grasslands and steppes is a huge challenge?

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Mongolia – world’s biggest renewable energy exporter of tomorrow? www.news.mn

Energy experts believe that Mongolia has the potential to become the biggest exporter of renewable energy in the world. According to an international study, Mongolia has the ability to provide 40 percent of its energy needs by renewable energy resources such as solar, wind and hydroelectric power. China, South Korea and Japan have a huge demand for imported energy; whilst North Korea faces many difficulties in producing its own power. Earlier today (31 October), an international discussion on the possibilities of Mongolia exporting energy to the world was held at the Corporate and Convention Centre.

International energy corporations, organizations and agencies from the Northeast Asian Region such as China, North Korea, Japan, South Korea and Russia participated in the discussion.

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Mining Minister meets Australian Minister for Resources www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar/MONTSAME/ Mongolian delegation headed by Minister of Mining and Heavy Industry D.Sumiyabazar is attending the International Mining and Resources Conference (IMARC-2018) taking place in Melburn, Australia from October 29 to November 1.

On the sideline of the conference, Minister D.Sumiyabazar held a meeting with Australian Minister for Resources and Northern Australia, Senator Matt Canavan on October 31.

During the meeting, Mr.Sumiyabazar expressed his satisfaction with the present state of Mongolia-Australia relations and cooperation that have expanded in many sectors such as politics, education, mining, economy, agriculture and defense and reached ‘extended partnership level’. He also informed that over 50 Australian invested mining companies are currently operating in Mongolia.

In response, Mr. Matt Canavan thanked for audience and said he hopes that the bilateral cooperation will expand more in the future.

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Cold spell to hit the country starting from November 1 www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring has issued cold weather warning across the country.

According to the NAMEM, snow and blizzard are expected in areas of Western aimags, in western parts of central aimag on November 1; in areas of western and central aimags on November 2; in eastern half of the country on November 3 and in areas of western aimags on November 4.

Wind will get stronger in areas of Western aimags and in northern parts of Central aimags on November 1; in most of the country on November 2; in gobi and steppe areas on November 3, reaching 16-18m/s. Dust storm will occur.

In the depression of Darkhad; in mountainous areas of Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentei; in Khurenbelchir; in the head of Zavkhan river; in the basins of Ider, Tes, Tuul and Terelj rivers, the nighttime temperature will be ranging from -17 to -22 degrees Celsius whereas the daytime temperature will be -7 to -12 degrees Celsius.

Southern part of gobi region will get up at +2 degrees and the temperature will increase till +7 degrees Celsius during the daytime, while the nighttime temperature will be 0 to -5 degrees Celsius.

The nighttime temperature will be -8 to -13 degrees while the daytime temperature will be -3 to -8 degrees Celsius in other areas.

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Oyu Tolgoi announces Q3’18 performance www.ot.mn

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia – Oyu Tolgoi today announced an update on its performance for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Oyu Tolgoi’s workforce reached 17,000 making it the largest private employer in Mongolia. At the end of the third quarter, 93 per cent of Oyu Tolgoi’s employees were Mongolian, 19.4 percent of which were from the Umnugovi province and 53.9 per cent were underground workforce.

As of the end of the third quarter of 2018, Oyu Tolgoi achieved an All Injury Frequency Rate (AIFR) of 0.19 per 200,000 hours worked and was injury-free for 83 out of 92 days for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

Oyu Tolgoi paid US$1.6 billion in taxes, fees and other payments to the Government of Mongolia between 2010 and the third quarter of 2018 including US$152 million in the first three quarters of 2018.

Underground update

Second annual re-forecast shows the capital cost of the underground project remains on track, first draw bell is on schedule for mid-2020 and the project remains on schedule to complete by 2022. The re-forecast did indicate that there may be a delay in sustainable first production from the first quarter of 2021 to late in the third quarter 2021 due to difficult ground conditions and challenges in the construction of Shaft 2.

Oyu Tolgoi maintained its world-class environmental performance in this quarter, with only 0.35 cubic metres of water per tonne of ore processed – three times less, compared to similar operations worldwide - and achieving an average water recycling rate of 89 per cent over the period.

Education and training are major focus areas for Oyu Tolgoi. Delivering our vision to create enduring value, knowledge and skills, Oyu Tolgoi provided 215,503 man hours of training to nearly 10,301 employees and contractors in the third quarter of 2018.

Oyu Tolgoi collaborated with 793 suppliers in the first three quarters of 2018, 562 of which are national businesses that account for 79 per cent of total operations procurement spent. Between 2010 and the third quarter of 2018, Oyu Tolgoi spent US$2.6 billion on national procurement of which US$379 million was spent on procurement from Umnugovi suppliers.

Q3’18 Production report

Third quarter mill throughput decreased 5.0 per cent over Q2’18 due to increased processing of harder Phase 4 ore as well as a planned maintenance shutdown during the quarter. Copper production was flat over Q2’18 as higher grades and recoveries were partially offset by lower throughput. Gold production increased 54.0 per cent over Q2’18 due to higher grades and recoveries. Third quarter sales volumes were impacted by torrential rain in July and August, which consequentially affected Chinese road and rail availability. Additionally, Q3’18 sales volumes were generally lower than Q2’18, which benefited from the sales of deferred volumes related to the Q1’18 force majeure.

Turquoise Hill has updated Oyu Tolgoi’s expected copper production for 2018 from between 125,000 and 155,000 tonnes of copper to between 140,000 to 155,000 tonnes of copper in concentrates. The company continues to expect production of gold in concentrates from between 240,000 and 280,000 ounces for 2018.

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