Name organizer Where
Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018" Frontier Securities Tokyo Japan
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London



Snap slides as Wall Street ends lower www.bbc.com

Shares in Snap, the owner of Snapchat, slid 12% on Monday to close below the price at which they started trading just last week in New York.
The stock soared on Thursday after making its Wall Street debut.
Snap closed 44% higher at $24.48, valuing the company at $28bn, after it raised $3.4bn in the richest US technology company listing since Facebook in 2012
Shares in Shap went even higher on Friday.
However, analysts have given mixed views on the future of Snap, debating whether it can emulate the success of Facebook, sending shares down $3.32 to close at $23.77.
It remains unclear whether Snap can expand beyond its core base of young users, or how it will fare in many international markets in a competitive social media environment.
Five of seven financial analysts covering Snap advised investors to "sell" the stock, with none advising them to buy, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Needham analyst Laura Martin rated Snap as "underperform" and compared the shares to buying a lottery ticket.
History suggests investors shut out of IPOs are better off waiting instead of rushing to buy them immediately after their debuts.
Globally, shares of most of the 25 largest technology IPOs have languished in their first 12 months after listing, with 16 posting significant falls from their debut day closing price, according to Reuters analysis.
There was more bad news for Snap on Monday after a group representing big US institutional investors asked index providers S&P Dow Jones Indices and MSCI to bar the company - and others that sell investors non-voting shares - from their stock benchmarks.
Both index providers have said they are reviewing Snap's inclusion.
Wall Street falls
If it was added to indexes such as the S&P 500, managers of stock index portfolios would have to buy Snap shares, and other investors whose performance is tracked against such indexes would likely follow suit.
Wall Street closed lower - the second time in the past three trading days it has done so. Banks gave back some of their recent gains, while mining and chemical companies declined after China cut its economic growth forecast.
The Dow Jones fell 0.2% at 20,954 points. The S&P 500 lost 0.3% to 2,375 points, while the Nasdaq Composite lost 0.4% to 5,849 points.
"We think there's a reasonable chance at the end of the year we'll be a little bit lower than we are right now," said Scott Wren, equity strategist at Wells Fargo Investment Institute.
General Motors lost 0.8% after revealing it will take a charge of $4.5bn, mainly pension expenses, on the sale of Opel and Vauxhall to Peugeot.
Delta Air Lines fell 2.6% after it said profits would be at the low end of hopes.


Law on Movable Property Pledge enters into effect www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Law on Pledge of Tangible and Intangible Movable Property has entered into effect starting March 01, 2017. The purpose of the law is to regulate the rights and legal interests of the parties to transaction involving the pledge of movable and intangible properties.

In addition, the law aims to increase economic efficiency and to ease access to new financial resources. Prior to the enactment of this Movables Pledge Law, the Mongolian Civil Code was the main reference point and a principal governing law for transactions involving the pledge of movable and intangible property.

Due to the lack of detailed guidance and regulation regarding the pledging of movable and tangible properties, the most common pledge security became immovable property; thus, shutting out a vast whole array of properties from the economy.

Now, under the Movables Pledge Law any movable and intangible property can be pledged as long as the property can be validly used in civil transactions, is physically present or is not yet readily available; such properties include all types of shares and securities, receivables, intellectual property rights, and other intangible properties.



China unseats eurozone as world’s largest banking system www.rt.com

New analysis by the Financial Times shows China's banking system has overtaken the eurozone to become the world’s biggest by assets. The status reflects the country’s increasing global influence and its reliance on growth driven by debt.

According to FT, China’s GDP surpassed the EU’s in 2011 at market exchange rates, but its banking system did not take over the top spot until the end of last year.

That lag was fuelled by an extraordinary increase in bank lending since 2008 when the Chinese government unleashed aggressive monetary and fiscal stimulus to soften the impact of the global crisis.

“The massive size of China’s banking system is less a cause for celebration than a sign of an economy overly dependent on bank-financed investment, beset by inefficient resource allocation, and subject to enormous credit risks,” said Eswar Prasad, an economist at Cornell University and former head of the China division at the IMF.

Statistics show Chinese bank assets hit $33 trillion at the end of 2016, versus $31 trillion for the eurozone. US assets stood at $16 trillion and the Japanese at $7 trillion.

The value of China’s banking system is more than 3.1 times the size of the country’s annual economic output, compared with 2.8 times for the eurozone and its banks, the FT analyzed.

Economists say Beijing’s increased stimulus has led to significant wasteful investment, industrial overcapacity, and dangerous debt levels. Unlike in developed markets, Chinese local government has relied heavily on bank loans to finance infrastructure.

“There’s a lot of hidden sovereign credit within the corporate loans on bank balance sheets, which can distort the picture when you do a cross-country comparison,” said Hou Wei, China banks analyst at Sanford C Bernstein in Hong Kong. “In most other markets, governments just borrow directly from capital markets. In China, it’s a unique situation,” he added.

While the world’s three largest banks are Chinese, experts say the true scale of Chinese banks is understated. Shadow banking has exploded in the country over the past seven years.

The authorities have announced a crackdown on underground banking, boosting efforts to curb capital outflow and fight corruption. Recently they signaled an intention to shift policy focus away from stimulus towards risk control.

Economists say more developed capital markets could help diversify China’s financial system away from banks but a more diversified financial system will reduce Beijing’s ability to manage money flows.

“The Chinese government’s ambivalent approach to financial markets — seeing them as a useful resource allocation mechanism but unwilling to let them operate freely, with the ostensible aim of maintaining stability and control — has often added to market volatility and made them less efficient,” said Prasad.



Mongolia's debt exchange marks stunning turnaround www.kitco.com

By Daniel Stanton

SINGAPORE, March 6 (IFR) - Mongolia completed a stunning turnaround in the global capital markets last week, pricing part of a $600 million sovereign bond more than 300 basis points (bps) inside a shorter issue sold less than a year ago.

Not only that, but the country managed to reward bondholders who had shown loyalty throughout a period of uncertainty, giving them a healthy one-day gain, on paper, of 7.5 points.

After signing a new funding agreement with the International Monetary Fund, the sovereign completed an exchange offer for its state-guaranteed Development Bank of Mongolia bonds due on Mar. 21, as well as offering a new money tranche to other investors to round up the deal size.

Holders of 82 percent of the S$580 million DBM bonds agreed to exchange into new sovereign seven-year notes at par. The yield for the new notes was set at 8.75 percent, the minimum shown in the Feb. 24 guidance.

That accounted for $475.989 million of the new issue size. The remaining $124.011 million was marketed to other investors to raise new money. Guidance started at 8.25 percent area, before tightening to 7.7 percent, plus or minus 12.5 bps, and eventually printing at a cash price of 106.016 to yield 7.625 percent.

That meant the new-money tranche priced more than 100 bps inside the exchange tranche. Some questioned if the exchange could have been priced at a lower yield, but the main objective of the whole exercise was to achieve the highest possible exchange rate ahead of the DBM maturity, as well as rewarding existing bondholders. Mongolia's outstanding 2021 bonds were seen at around 6.98 percent, implying a fair value of around 8% for a seven-year issue.

The new notes are rated B-/B- (S&P/Fitch). Moody's has a Caa1 rating on Mongolia, but did not rate the new issue. HUGE IMPROVEMENT The final pricing was a huge improvement from March last year, when the Government of Mongolia sold a $500 million five-year at par to yield 10.875 percent, the highest yield on any sovereign bonds since 2011. Orders for that deal were a modest $750 million.

More than 200 accounts placed orders totalling $3.3 billion for the new $124 million tranche and, apart from the small allocations, investors had nothing to complain about when the bonds shot up to a cash price of 107.5 the next day.

"It was like trying to drive a truck through a pinhole," said a source close to the deal.

Undoubtedly, the size could have been increased, but the issuer showed prudence, given that it has just entered an IMF programme and was focused on dealing with the short-term maturity.

The existing DBM bonds were issued under Reg S only, so the new sovereigns were marketed under 144A/Reg S and allocations were weighted towards U.S. investors to ensure the broadest investor diversification.

U.S. investors took 76 percent of the new-money tranche, with European accounts next on 18 percent and Asian investors on 6 percent. Fund managers bought 90 percent of the notes, public institutions bought 7 percent, insurers and banks bought a combined 2 percent, and others bought 1 percent.

The seven-year tenor was chosen to avoid clashing with Mongolia's other existing dollar maturities, in 2018, 2021 and 2022. The next challenge will be to refinance a $500 million sovereign bond due on Jan. 5, 2018.

DBM's 2017s had traded at a cash price as low as 90 in February last year, but the agreement last month of a $5.5 billion funding deal with the IMF and other agencies, as well as the extension of a 15 billion yuan ($2.2 billion) swap line with the People's Bank of China for another three years, has helped assuage investors' concerns, at least in the medium term.

"Mongolia has a lot of potential, but it is monolithic and commodity heavy, so the challenge for the country is to diversify into other industries," said a fund manager.

Credit Suisse and JP Morgan were joint bookrunners for the transaction. SC Lowy was financial adviser to the Mongolian government.

(Reporting by Daniel Stanton; Editing by Steve Garton and Vincent Baby)



GM set to announce Opel and Vauxhall sale on Monday www.bbc.com

General Motors is set to announce a deal to sell its Vauxhall and Opel operations to the French company that owns Peugeot and Citroen.
PSA Group has scheduled a press conference with GM for Monday morning in Paris.
The two companies had wanted to announce a deal before the start of the Geneva motor show on Tuesday.
The sale could threaten the jobs of 4,500 workers at Vauxhall's plants at Ellesmere Port and Luton.
Union officials said on Sunday that Vauxhall staff had endured a "nerve-wracking" few weeks.
Buying GM's loss-making European operations will make PSA the continent's second-biggest car maker after Volkswagen and ahead of French rival Renault.
PSA and GM Europe sold a combined 4.3 million vehicles last year and posted revenues of 71.6bn euros (£61.9bn).
The two companies already share some production and confirmed last month they were in talks.
Opel had hoped to return to profitability by 2016, but the slide in sterling following the EU referendum last June contributed to its 257m euros annual loss.

Opel has failed to emulate Ford or PSA in reducing overcapacity at its factories, despite closing a plant in the western German city of Bochum with the loss of 3,000 jobs in 2014.
Stefan Bratzel, of Germany's Center of Automotive Management, said: "Opel suffers more from overcapacity than other European carmakers, meaning it has to offer big discounts to keep up a certain level of production and that hits its profitability."
In a bid to protect its Buick and Chevrolet brands, GM has not allowed Opel to expand outside Europe.
"All the western carmakers have been making their money in the Chinese market these past few years," said Marc Staudenmayer of the Advancy management consultancy.
"Opel wasn't allowed to do that, which explains its underperformance since 2005. Opel was reined in too much by GM," he added.
European champion
GM's European operations have lost money for 16 consecutive years and were almost sold in 2009.
For PSA, the deal caps a stellar two-year recovery under chief executive Carlos Tavares, who is expected to slash costs at Opel in a bid to generate savings of up to 2bn euros a year.

Jim Holder, of What Car? magazine, told the BBC: "PSA has capacity to build more cars in its own plants - it doesn't need these plants in Britain.
"And of course there are obstacles in the way, with the currency fluctuations, the problems posed by Brexit with freedom of movement, freedom of movement for parts as well."
Len McCluskey, general secretary of the Unite trade union, said he had spoken to the chief executives of GM and the PSA Group over the weekend.
"While initial discussions with the PSA Group have been relatively positive, our priority now is to ensure a long-term future for our plants and the tens of thousands of workers depending on them," Mr McCluskey added.
Greg Clark, the Business Secretary, said last month that Vauxhall workers had no reason to fear for their jobs.
"We have a very strong domestic market and Vauxhall has a large share of that - something PSA recognises," he told MPs.
"From my initial conversations I think it is understood that Vauxhall's plants are very efficient."
Mr Tavares recently told analysts the acquisition offered an "opportunity to create a European car champion" and quickly exceed five million sales annually.
PSA also plans to revamp Opel's model range. "There are market segments where Opel isn't very strong, like SUVs," Mr Staudenmayer said.



Japanese IT firms offer more childcare support www3.nhk.or.jp

Major Japanese IT firms are providing more support for employees who are raising young children.
Online mall operator Rakuten plans to expand a daycare center at its headquarters to accommodate 60 children in April. It had 20 places when it opened 2 years ago.
The center has English-speaking childcare workers because Rakuten has many foreign employees.
Managing Executive Officer Akio Sugihara says the company wants to help people to raise children without giving up their careers.
Portal site operator Yahoo Japan plans to allow staff who are raising children or providing nursing care for their relatives to take 3 days off a week.
Another IT firm, CyberAgent, has started a subsidy program for employees who send their children to unauthorized daycare facilities, which charge higher fees than authorized ones.
CyberAgent official Yukiko Tamura says those who apply for the subsidy say they were able to return to work thanks to the program.
The employees of the 3 firms have an average age of 32 to 36.


12 provincial regions vow to reduce excess coal production www.chinadaily.com.cn

A total of 12 provincial regions have unveiled targets to cut excess coal capacity in 2017, with Shanxi, Henan and Guizhou pleading the biggest reductions, China Securities Journal reported.
Both Shanxi and Henan provinces plan to reduce coal output by 20 million tons this year, while Guizhou vows to cut production capacity by 15 million tons. The remaining regions' goals all stand below 8 million tons, the newspaper said.
China will reduce steel production capacity this year by around 50 million tons and shut down at least 150 million tons of coal production facilities, Premier Li Keqiang said Sunday in the Government Work Report at the fifth session of the 12th National People's Congress.
At the same time, the government will suspend or eliminate no less than 50 million kilowatts of coal-fired power generation capacity.
The government pledges to make more use of market- and law-based methods to address the problems of "zombie enterprises," encourage enterprise mergers, restructuring, and bankruptcy liquidations, and shut down all outdated production facilities that fail to meet standards.
In 2016, the country reduced coal capacity by 290 million tons and steel capacity by 65 million tons, said the premier.
China will face a tough year to cut coal capacity in 2017, said Jiang Zhimin, vice-head of China National Coal Association. Last year, some of the coal mines involved in capacity cut were already idle or operating at half capacity, so it's easy to achieve the goal. However, the coal mines involved this year are all running at normal capacity, said Jiang.
Furthermore, the resettlement of laid-off workers will be a difficult task for the government, Jiang added.
The country will shut down 500 million tons of coal capacity and consolidate another 500 million tons into the hands of fewer but more efficient mine operators in the next three to five years, according to a guideline issued by the State Council.


Standard Life and Aberdeen Asset Management confirm merger talks www.theguardian.com

Hundreds of jobs could be cut if an £11bn merger of two of Scotland’s biggest companies – Standard Life and Aberdeen Asset Management – goes ahead.
Talks between the companies about a merger were revealed at the weekend and a tie-up could be confirmed as soon as Monday, creating the second biggest fund manager in Europe and the largest in the UK.
In a joint statement confirming the talks, the financial companies said the tie-up would boost profits by creating significant synergies and cost savings. Most of the cost savings are expected to come from eliminating any overlap of back-office operations – such as IT – by cutting jobs and closing offices. Sky News, which revealed the potential merger, reported that the companies could look to cut as much as £200m in annual costs.
Standard Life employs 6,300 people worldwide, including 5,500 in the UK, while Aberdeen has 2,800 employees, including 1,500 in the UK.
Sources close to the deal insisted at the weekend that Standard Life and Aberdeen were looking to merge in order to grow, not shrink, and create a flagship business for Scotland. They said that job losses could be offset by new opportunities created by the expansion of the enlarged company. Standard Life and Aberdeen are understood to have already held talks with the Scottish government about the proposed deal.
The two companies are exploring an all-share merger that would create a business overseeing pensions and savings worth £660bn. They hope to create an investment group with the clout to take on US giants such as BlackRock and Vanguard.
Standard Life shareholders would own 66.7% of the combined company while Aberdeen shareholders would get 33.3%.
The two companies claim the deal would create an investment group with strong brands and offers customers more choice. Standard Life and Aberdeen have reiterated their commitment to active management – where fund managers actively pick stocks and bonds. Active management has come under pressure from the growing popularity of cheaper index-tracking funds and an increase in costs caused by the introduction of stricter regulatory rules since the financial crisis
Faced with the same pressures, UK rival Henderson Global Investors recently agreed to take over Denver-based firm Janus Capital, creating a fund house with assets of more than $320bn (£260bn). Analysts expect middle and back-office roles to be cut as a result of the deal, but a number of senior investment managers have left Henderson amid concerns over cultural differences between the two firms.
Cultural differences will be less of an issue for two Scottish businesses, but any office closures and job losses will trigger concerns north of the border. Standard Life employs 5,000 people in Scotland, mostly at its head office in Edinburgh, while Aberdeen says just under half of its 1,500 UK workforce is based in Scotland.
Standard Life also has a customer service office in Glasgow with 200 people and another office in London in the Gherkin skyscraper, while its rival is based in Aberdeen and has offices in Edinburgh, London, Bristol and Jersey.
The combined group would be run by co-chief executives – Standard Life boss Keith Skeoch and his counterpart at Aberdeen Martin Gilbert. The Standard Life chairman Sir Gerry Grimstone would chair the new board, while Aberdeen’s chairman Simon Troughton would become deputy chairman.
It is likely to be based in Edinburgh and one name being considered for the enlarged company is Standard Aberdeen, although this is yet to be confirmed.
Under the terms of the deal, Aberdeen shareholders would receive 0.757 new Standard Life shares for each Aberdeen share. The planned tie-up would need to be approved by the shareholders of both companies – who have reacted positively so far – and competition authorities.
Gilbert has been on the lookout for a deal for Aberdeen for some time. The company suffered outflows of £10.5bn from its funds in the final three months of last year, taking its total assets to £302.7bn. Gilbert said “investor sentiment stalled” following Donald Trump’s election as US president. Aberdeen specialises in emerging markets and has struggled since investor interest cooled in recent years, prompting Gilbert to freeze salaries and cut other costs.
Standard Life has fared better, and recently posted a 9% rise in operating profit before tax to £723m for 2016. The Brexit vote in June “triggered very substantial [fund] outflows for the industry”, Skeoch said, but the impact on Standard Life was modest. Its assets increased 16% to £357.1bn over the year. However, its flagship investment fund, Global Asset Return Strategies, suffered as investors pulled out £4.3bn.


South Korea's Lotte says 4 retail stores in China closed amid political tension www.reuters.com

South Korea's Lotte Group said on Monday four of its retail stores in China were closed after inspections by authorities, as Seoul protests at discriminating action by China after Lotte agreed to provide land for a U.S. missile defense system.

China is the biggest overseas market for Lotte Group, South Korea's No.5 conglomerate, generating annual sales of a little more than 3 trillion Korean won ($2.60 billion) in 2015.

A Lotte Mart spokesman said the four stores, in Dandong, Changzhou and two other locations, were closed last week after the inspections, but could not provide further details. Lotte Mart had about 115 stores in China by January.

The retail closures came after affiliate Lotte International Co Ltd approved a South Korean land swap last week to allow the U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system, which is being installed in response to North Korea's missile threat.

South Korea's military said earlier on Monday North Korea fired "multiple ballistic missiles" from its Tongchang-ri region, where a missile base is located.

South Korea's acting president Hwang Kyo-ahn said on Monday Seoul should swiftly complete the THAAD deployment after the launch of the missiles.

China has objected to the deployment of the missile system, saying it has a radar capable of penetrating Chinese territory.

Shares in Lotte Shopping (023530.KS), of which Lotte Mart is a business division, fell 2 percent by 0155 GMT, compared with a 0.2 percent drop in the wider market .KS11.

Lotte's duty free operator, Lotte Duty Free, said on Thursday a cyber attack using Chinese internet protocol (IP) addresses had crashed its website. It is currently back online.


China's tourism ministry instructed tour operators in Beijing on Thursday to stop selling trips to South Korea from March 15, with the order spreading to other regions across the mainland, an official at Korea Tourism Organization said on Monday.

The order came days after the Lotte land swap.

A Chinese company abruptly canceled its plan to send some 5,000 employees to South Korea's Incheon city in April, the official said, adding that there were concerns about more cancellations by group tourists.

Shares of tourism, cosmetics, and airline firms extended losses on Monday, although the declines were not as severe as those on Friday.

On Friday, China canceled its invitation for South Korea Trade Minister Joo Hyung-hwan to its annual Boao forum, the ministry said on Monday. The forum's office cited a lack of panels for a session to which Joo was invited, the ministry said, without elaborating further.

On Sunday, Joo expressed "deep concerns over a series of actions in China" and protested against discriminating action by China towards South Korean companies.

"We will act accordingly to international law against any actions that violate policies of the World Trade Organization (WTO) or the free trade agreement between South Korea and China," he said



Mongolia Mining Forum held in Canada www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Mongolian delegation of 40 people is participating in the 2017 International Convention, Trade Show & Investors Exchange hosted by the Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) in Toronto, Canada on March 5-8.

The delegation is made of representatives of Government of Mongolia and state-owned companies.

On the first day of the convention, March 5, Mongolian Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry in cooperation with Mongolian and foreign-invested exploration and mining companies hosted a Mongolia Mining Forum at PDAC. The forum was themed ‘Mongolia for Stability’, and aimed to provide investors and the international mining community with timely information on Mongolia’s current investment environment and mining industry.

The forum discussed Mongolia’s mining potentials, recent government actions to increase investment in mining sector and improve Mongolia’s competitiveness, and new exploration discoveries and upcoming investment opportunities.

Mongolia-Canada bilateral meetings also took place.