1 FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MONGOLIA’S ROAD TRANSPORT SECTOR BROADENING WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      2 MONGOLIA EXPRESSES READINESS TO CONTRIBUTE TO STRENGTHENING ASIA-EUROPE COOPERATION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      3 OYU TOLGOI FUNDED 35.1 KM ROAD OPENS IN KHANBOGD WWW.GOGO.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      4 POLYMER BITUMEN TO BE DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      5 KHURELBAATAR CHIMED: 319 ENTITIES DREW LOANS FROM TWO FUNDS WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/21      6 CONSTRUCTION OF TAVANTOLGOI-GASHUUNSUKHAIT ROAD TO BE INTENSIFIED WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      7 OVER 30 MEASURES PLANNED FOR REDUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      8 MONGOLIA SAYS IT EARNS OVER 169 MLN USD FROM COAL EXPORTS TO CHINA IN JAN WWW.HELLENICSHIPPINGNEWS.COM  PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      9 RUSSIA’S GAZPROM TO START CHINA GAS PIPELINE BY DECEMBER 1 WWW.RT.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      10 MONGOLIA'S FOREIGN TRADE UP 41.6 PCT IN JAN. WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2019/02/20      УГСАРМАЛ ОРОН СУУЦНЫ ДУЛААЛГАД ЗОРИУЛЖ 12.7 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГИЙГ УЛСЫН ТӨСВӨӨС ГАРГАХААР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018ОНД ЦАГААН БУДАА , ЭЛСЭН ЧИХЭР , ТАХИАНЫ МАХНЫ ИМПОРТ 24-32 ХУВИАР ӨСЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДЦС IV: 2018 ОНД НИЙТ АШИГ 4.7 ДАХИН ӨСӨЖ , 4.48 ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ БОЛСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ТУСГАЙ САНГУУДААС ГАРГАСАН ЗЭЭЛИЙН 100 ОРЧИМ ТЭРБУМ ТӨГРӨГ ХУГАЦАА ХЭТЭРСЭН ӨР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН БОРЛУУЛАЛТЫН МЕНЕЖЕРҮҮДИЙН ИНДЕКС СҮҮЛИЙН 12 САРД АНХ УДАА УНАЛТЫН БҮСЭД ШИЛЖИВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     2018 ОНД ХАМГИЙН ЧИНЭЭЛЭГ БҮЛГИЙН ХЭРЭГЛЭЭ ЯДУУ БҮЛГИЙНХНЭЭС 5.1 ДАХИН ИХ БАЙВ WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ХОВД ГОЛД ОСОЛДСОН 6 НАСТАЙ ХҮҮХДИЙН ЭРЛИЙГ ЗОГСООЛОО WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     ДБНХ-НООС П.ОРХОНЫ БАРИЛДАХ ЭРХИЙГ 4 ЖИЛЭЭР ХАСАВ WWW.MONTSAME.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/21     УУХҮЯ: II САРЫН БАЙДЛААР НИЙТ НУТАГ ДЭВСГЭРИЙН 5.6 ХУВЬД АШИГТ МАЛТМАЛЫН ЛИЦЕНЗ ОЛГОСОН WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN  НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20     300 ОРТОЙ ТӨРӨХ ЭМНЭЛГИЙН БАРИЛГЫН АЖИЛ 80%-Д ХҮРЧ ГУРАВДУГААР САРЫН 1-НЭЭС ДУЛААНД ХОЛБОГДОХООР БОЛЖЭЭ WWW.IKON.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2019/02/20    

Events

Name organizer Where
“Doing business with Mongolia”, “UK Investors show” бизнес хөтөлбөр March 27-April 02. 2019 ЛОНДОН ХОТ, ИХ БРИТАНИ Mongolian Business Database London UK
SYMPOSIUM ON GLOBAL MARKETS Nationalism and Protectionism: The United States in the International Arena June 17-18, 2019 The Center for American and International Law Plano, Texas, USA The Center for American and International Law (CAILAW) Plano Texas June 17-18 2019
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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“Fruits” national program approved www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The cabinet meeting held Wednesday adopted a national program “Fruits”, and obliged P.Sergelen, the Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry, to provide the program with professional and methodological management and to control the implementation.

In Mongolian territory, some 60 sorts of fruits grow, and scholars are developing new sorts of fruits as well as technologies of processing them. As of 2016, areas of fruit gardens reached 6.1 thousand hectares, and 2,560 tons of fruits are harvested a year, but it is not enough for the national consumption.

Mongolia has started to export sea-buckthorn to Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Germany, Singapore and Malaysia, now the country intends to manufacture oil from the fruit’s oil, active ingredients, tea and fodder-purpose leaves.

The national program has key objectives to augment sorts of fruits, to boost the fruit industry, to fully provide the population with fruits and vitamins by creating a unified network of sea-buckthorn manufacture and to increase the export income.

In addition, the national program is expected to increase fruit plantation, create job places in localities and augment kinds of export products, declining size of imported fruits.

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Toyota says to delay start of Mexico plant to early 2020 www.reuters.com

TOKYO (Reuters) - Toyota Motor Corp will push back the start of operations at its scheduled new plant in Mexico, to the first half of 2020 from the initial plan of 2019, the company said on Thursday.

Japan's top automaker had initially planned to start building the Corolla sedan at the $1 billion Guanajuato plant but said last week it would switch production to a new U.S. factory to be built with Mazda Motor Corp.

Toyota said the delay was necessary to adjust its supply chain in Mexico to produce the truck-based Tacoma pickup model instead of the Corolla compact car. That factory could also build sport utility vehicles, a Toyota spokesman in Mexico said last week.

"With the production model change to the Tacoma pickup, the start of production will consequently be in the first half of 2020," a Toyota spokeswoman said.

"However, we will make our utmost effort to advance the timing in order to minimize the impact to suppliers and the local community."

Until the scheduled start of the joint venture plant with Mazda in 2021, Toyota will supply the Corollas that were initially slated to be built in Mexico from its factories in Mississippi and Japan, the company said.

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Facebook is officially launching its big attack on TV www.businessinsider.com

Facebook's push into becoming a destination for original TV shows begins on Thursday with the launch of its redesigned video tab, Business Insider has learned.

The new tab will be called "Watch" and showcase a slew of shows from the likes of BuzzFeed, Tastemade, ATTN, and Condé Nast, people familiar with the matter said.

Facebook officially confirmed the impending launch of Watch on Wednesday afternoon following the publication of this report. The company didn't specify a date for the launch but said that it would happen "soon."

Facebook sees high-quality, scripted video as an important feature to retain users, particularly a younger demographic that is increasingly flocking to rival Snapchat, as well as a means to rake in brand advertising dollars traditionally reserved for traditional TV. 

"We hope Watch will be home to a wide range of shows -- from reality to comedy to live sports," CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote in a Facebook post. "Some will be made by professional creators, and others from regular people in our community."

The new Watch tab will showcase episodic videos that follow a theme or story arc, Facebook said on Wednesday. Users will be able to create a watch list to keep up with new episodes their favorite shows, which will also be available to watch on Facebook's TV app.

Among the different sections in the tab will be ones for the "most talked about" videos and ones that "friends are watching." Viewers will also be able to see comments from others while watching a show.

Facebook intends to feature a wide gambit of shows through Watch, including live shows that feature hosts responding in real-time to users' questions and live events like Major League Baseball games. The company is also hoping to attract more premium, traditional shows, like those you might see on cable or broadcast TV.

Facebook initially hoped to debut its redesigned video tab and show effort earlier this year, but the date has been moved back several times as more show partners have been brought on board.

In typical Facebook fashion, only a small percentage of users will see the new Watch tab in the Facebook app immediately after it launches on Thursday. But Facebook plans to slowly make it available to everyone in the coming weeks.

While some shows will be available right away to the small percentage of users with initial access to the Watch tab, roughly 40 shows will be included in the first full slate of programming scheduled to debut for everyone on August 28, people familiar with the matter said.

Facebook has been willing to pay millions of dollars for exclusive rights to more premium, longer shows, while less expensive and shorter shows reportedly cost between $5,000 and $20,000. The cheaper shows are permitted to be shown outside of Facebook after they exclusively debut in the Watch tab.

While a Facebook representative declined to comment on advertising and other financial agreements for Watch, TechCrunch reported that content partners will be able to keep 55% of revenue from mid-roll video ads.

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North Korea breathes new life into gold price, mining stocks www.mining.com

On Wednesday, the return of the safe haven buyer and a weaker US dollar combined to lift the gold price to its highest level in eight weeks.

Gold futures in New York for delivery in December, the most active contract, touched a high of $1,284.70, up 1.8% from Tuesday's settlement price in heavy volume of just under 28m ounces traded, before pairing some gains in afternoon trade. Gold is up 11.5% so far in 2017.

Gold's rally came after US President Trump said in response to intelligence reports that North Korea has developed miniaturized warheads, that further threats from the country would be met with “fire and fury like the world has never seen.” The totalitarian state then released a statement saying it's examining an operational plan to fire ballistic missiles toward a US military base on the island of Guam west of the Philippines.

Ross Norman, CEO of London-based bullion trader Sharps Pixley told MarketWatch gold is "behaving in its traditional manner as a safe-haven asset" but only a rally above $1,295 would convince him the metal has entered a significant bullish phase:

“I’m always suspicious of moves like this because the issues that cause them are rarely sustained,” he said, referring to the political tensions between North Korea and the U.S.
Gold's leg up on Wednesday saw major gold mining stocks enjoying one of the best trading days in weeks with gains across the board.

Top producer Barrick Gold added 1.4% affording the Toronto-based company a $19.4 billion market valuation in New York. Gains for world number two producer Newmont with output of 5m ounces expected this year, lifted the Denver-based company's year to date performance to 5.8%. Vancouver-based Goldcorp added 1.2% for a market cap of $12.7 billion, but the stock is still down 6.7% so far in 2017.

ADRs of the third largest gold miner in terms of output, AngloGold Ashanti trading in New York showed only modest gains. The Johannesburg-based company is facing protests in South Africa as it plans to lay off 8,500 workers at its lossmaking operations in the country. Anglogold's has lost nearly 30% of its value over the past six months.

Fellow South Africa-based producer Sibanye Gold jumped 2.5% on the day, but is down more than 20% in value this year despite the stronger gold price. Like AngloGold, Sibanye is downsizing operations in South Africa amid rising costs and unprofitability. Central and West Africa focused Randgold Resources jumped 2.3% and the company is now worth 25% more than at the end of 2016.

Shares in Toronto's Kinross Gold added 1.4% in New York. The Canadian miner with four mines in the US, a couple in Russia and operations in Brazil and West Africa is now up more than 34% in 2017 affording it a market cap of $5.2 billion.

Other Canadian gold companies also performed well with Agnico Eagle building on 6.5% gains year to date, Yamana Gold adding 3.2% and Eldorado Gold gaining just over 1%. Eldorado stock is down nearly 20% over two weeks as the company struggles to advance its projects in Greece.

World number six producer behind Kinross, Australia's Newcrest Mining, added nearly 4% bringing the US$16.5 billion company's year to date performance to +15% .

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Russian imports from countries outside CIS up 27% this year www.rt.com

Russia has drastically increased imports from non-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries through July this year, according to the data from Russia’s Federal Customs Service.

CIS members include Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Imports outside the CIS block were up by 27.4 percent to $107.6 billion against the same period a year ago.

In July, exports of engineering products rose over 35 percent year-on-year, while food products grew 23.1 percent. Shoes and textile imports surged 21.8 percent with supplies of chemicals up nearly 20 percent.

Year-on-year imports of grain almost doubled, while purchases of vegetables surged 40 percent and dairy products by 42 percent.

The volume of fruit purchased by Russia rose 41.6 percent. Meat imports were up 27 percent and fish - almost 10 percent.

The agency said imports in July totaled $17.82 billion, which is 0.4 percent up month-on-month.

In July textiles and shoe imports grew 15.9 percent to $1.2 billion month-on-month. However, imports of food products dropped 3.8 percent to $1.8 billion with vegetable supplies plunging to a third of its previous level. Fruit shipments to Russia dropped 14 percent while fish imports were down three percent.

During the same period, Russia’s purchases of meat surged 18 percent and seed oil 17.5 percent, while dairy products imports grew 12 percent.

Russia bought five percent more alcohol and non-alcohol products and 1.6 percent more tobacco goods in July. Exports of grain were also up by 3.6 percent.

Last month, Russia imported 0.2 percent less of engineering products compared to the previous month, while imports of chemical products rose 0.1 percent to $3.12 billion.

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Mongolia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016 www.opengovpartnership.org

In 2017, the Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) published the end-of-term report for Mongolia’s first action plan. The report covers the full action plan implementation period of 2014 through 2016.

In Mongolia, the IRM researchers, Batbold Zagdragchaa and Tserenjav Demberel, summarize their report's findings below:

Mongolia’s first action plan was highly ambitious with nearly half of the plan’s commitments considered potentially transformative. By the end of its implementation, the government achieved important progress in environmental transparency, public access to budgetary information, and crime mapping. Nonetheless, most commitments remain unfulfilled. Mongolia’s second action plan presents an opportunity to complete pending commitments and expand open government to new areas such as education, health, and media.

Please review the full report in English and Mongolian on https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/mongolia-end-of-term-report-2014-2016 

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How a group of Mongolian herders took on a mining giant — and won www.devex.com

WASHINGTON — Tending camels in the Gobi desert — moving them to fresh grazing pastures in the spring and summer, and to shelter in the winter — has been a way of life for families in Mongolia for thousands of years. But cycles of freezing winters and dry summers — a natural phenomenon which the herders call the “dzud” — are ravaging the already inhospitable terrain with increasing frequency as a result of climate change, leaving millions of livestock dead from cold or starvation.

As life for the camel herders becomes more challenging, they face a further threat in the form of Mongolia’s booming mining industry, which the families argue is putting their livelihoods, health and culture at risk.

But the herders are fighting to defend their way of life. In May, they won a landmark agreement with the operators of one of the world’s largest copper mines — the World Bank-backed Oyu Tolgoi — dedicated to improving the lives of their families, their animals and their environment. Constituting more than 50 separate commitments on the part of Oyu Tolgoi LLC and the Mongolian government, a co-owner of the mine, activists have described the victory as “rare” and “historic” — the culmination of four years of negotiations mediated by the World Bank’s Compliance Advisor Ombudsman in one of the few successful cases of its kind.

“Agreements like these … are rare in our field. The size and scope of the agreements is testament to the hard work that all parties have put into the dispute resolution process,” said Caitlin Daniel, an attorney with the NGO Accountability Counsel, which supported the herders through the complaint process with legal advice and negotiation training.

The case serves as a model for how marginalized communities can hold companies and their institutional investors to account, and for how corporations can settle conflicts and ensure they are operating in a socially and environmentally conscious way, Daniel said.

Inside the campaign to support communities harmed by development

When safeguards fail, development finance can sometimes cause harm to the same communities it aims to help. A growing number of civil society organizations are leading the campaign for redress.

The agreement still needs to be implemented. Battsengel Lkhamdoorov, who was elected by his fellow herders to represent them during the negotiations, believes that their complaints are “starting to be addressed in a serious way,” but said that “we will continue to be vigilant and make sure what has been agreed to is actually accomplished.” Nonetheless, the agreement itself remains a landmark achievement.

How was it reached — and what does it mean for other communities affected by these issues?

Mongolia’s hidden treasure

The Oyu Tolgoi mining site, which means “turquoise hill,” is widely thought to be one of the largest undeveloped copper deposits in the world. Located in a remote area of the south Gobi desert, much hope is pinned on it. Once complete, it is expected to boost Mongolia’s gross domestic product by up to 30 percent.

Mongolia has made huge strides in its social and economic development over the past 25 years — tripling its GDP, decreasing maternal and child mortality levels and improving school enrolments. But the economy has taken a downturn in recent years, in part due to falling commodity prices. The country was forced to ask the International Monetary Fund for a $5.5 billion rescue package earlier this year.

As a result, the success of the Oyu Tolgoi project is a priority for the government. Predicting an economic rebound for Mongolia in 2019, the World Bank points to it as a key factor in the country’s hoped-for recovery.

Part of the Oyu Tolgoi mining site. Photo by: Brücke-Osteuropa
It is thought that the mine was first discovered by the Russians in the 1950s, and has changed hands many times since then. It is now jointly owned by the Mongolian government, which has a 34 percent share, and Canadian mining company Turquoise Hill Resources, which is predominantly owned by British-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto. It is operated by Oyu Tolgoi LLC.

Fearing it would be difficult to attract foreign investment into the formerly Communist country, in 2010 Oyu Tolgoi’s owners approached the International Finance Corporation — the private sector arm of the World Bank — and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development to request financing to develop the site, which includes an underground mine as well as an open pit operation.

A financing package was eventually agreed, with the development finance institutions putting up $4.4 billion between them. That included $400 million in direct financing from the IFC, as well as syndicated loans with 15 other commercial lenders worth $820 million, and guarantees from the World Bank’s Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.

The mine is currently partially operational, with the final work set to be completed by 2025.

‘A forced change of lifestyle’

More than a third of Mongolians are herders of some kind, making a living by moving their animals to different pastures depending on the season. With this way of life increasingly under threat, mining activities can also pose a problem because of conflicts over land rights and the impact on the environment.

The Oyu Tolgoi site, which spans 250 square kilometers of desert, was no exception.

By 2012, the situation had deteriorated far enough that, with the aid of two Mongolian NGOs — Gobi Soil and Oyu Tolgoi Watch — a group of herders filed a complaint with the CAO, the body tasked with resolving disputes with local communities affected by IFC investments, claiming that the development of the mine was threatening their livelihoods, health and culture.

Before the IFC had even approved financing for the mine, the herders claimed that 11 herding households were unfairly pressured into relocating their winter camps and signing unfair compensation packages. As a result, many had lost animals during the harsh winter because they were forced onto inferior plots of land.

The herders also claimed that compensation packages offered to 89 other households whose pastures and water wells were impacted by the development of the mine failed to meet their needs. They asked for revised compensation and a comprehensive training program to help the herders develop new skills to “address the pressures of a forced change of lifestyle.”

Five months later, in February 2013, the herders filed a second complaint — this time, about the diversion of sections of two rivers running through the area to make way for the construction of roads and other infrastructure linked to the mine. According to the herders, these diversions caused wells and springs to dry up, leading to a scarcity of drinking water and the deterioration of pasture land.

Water has long been the biggest cause of tension between mining companies and local communities. Between 2010 and 2017, nearly 60 percent of all mining complaints lodged with the IFC centered around it. The south Gobi desert may be rich in minerals but it is poor in water — already the driest part of Mongolia, mining activities there mean that resources are being stretched further.

Despite the complaints being lodged with the CAO, IFC financing for the mine went ahead.

The mediator

The CAO was set up in 1999 to review complaints from communities who claim to have been negatively impacted by companies funded directly or indirectly by the World Bank’s private sector financiers — the IFC and MIGA. It came as part of the World Bank’s drive to become more socially and environmentally conscious, after a number of highly controversial infrastructure projects — such as the Polonoroeste project, designed to build a highway into the Amazon — sparked international outcry.

In a majority of cases handled by the CAO, no agreement was reached, nor was a compliance investigation undertaken. Within cases of dispute resolution, only around a third resulted in an agreement.

The CAO has two modes of working — mediating and negotiating between companies and communities to resolve disputes; or it can launch a compliance investigation to determine whether a company has adhered to the bank’s environmental and social safety policies.

The success of the CAO is disputed. As of 2016, the ombudsman had handled 160 cases in 49 countries — but accusations of social and environmental harm caused by IFC and MIGA-backed projects have continued. A recent study by the University of California, Berkeley, looking at 71 CAO cases found that in a majority of them no agreement was reached, nor was a compliance investigation undertaken. Within cases of dispute resolution, only around a third resulted in an agreement.

The camel herders were among the lucky ones.

The negotiations

After receiving the first complaint, a team from the CAO flew to Mongolia to meet with the herders and the mine’s operator. Both groups chose to pursue a dispute resolution through the CAO — a voluntary process which either party can withdraw from at any point. Other options open to the herders would have been litigation, direct negotiation without a mediator, and media campaigns and protests.

The Accountability Counsel’s Daniel said the herders initially struggled to overcome the “significant power imbalance at play.”

“At the beginning it was a hard process — there was a lot of tension and emotional outbursts,” she said. “But the herders became more empowered over time to represent themselves at the table.”

Everyone Devex spoke to agreed that the formation of a Tripartite Council, known as the TPC, in 2015, to act as an independent, freestanding forum through which to resolve the complaints and deal with any future issues, was key to the success of the negotiations. It is expected that the TPC — which includes representatives from the herders, Oyu Tolgoi, and the government — will continue to meet regularly during the life of the project.

Battsengel Lkhamdoorov, a member of the Elected Herder Team that negotiated with Oyu Tolgoi and the local government. Photo by: Accountability Counsel
Daniel described the TPC as a “very significant achievement” for the herders, while Neil Pereira, principal investment officer at IFC for the Oyu Tolgoi project, said he had sat in meetings and seen first hand the council’s effectiveness.

A spokesperson for Oyu Tolgoi said the TPC created a “level playing field where stakeholders participate equitably in a process of consensual negotiation; building capacity to engage constructively and move forward.”

The mining company also praised the CAO for the training, facilitation and conflict resolution services it provided to TPC members throughout the process.

A number of smaller agreements were reached early on. For example, Oyu Tolgoi agreed to let herders graze their animals on the project site and visit the mine. But reaching agreement on the bigger social and environmental impacts of the mine proved more difficult.

As a result, two independent experts were appointed jointly by the herders and Oyu Tolgoi to investigate. The final reports were submitted at the beginning of 2017: The experts broadly supported the herders’ claims and criticized the company’s compensation processes and environmental assessment and monitoring practices. They also found that the mine had created conflict among the herders themselves, as they competed for land and water.

Based on this, two key agreements were reached through the TPC, and signed in May 2017.

The agreements included dozens of commitments made by the mining company and also the government, including constructing new wells and maintaining existing ones; developing a pasture management plan; and better monitoring the environmental impacts of the mine’s operations.

Oyu Tolgoi also agreed to review its compensation packages and expand the eligibility criteria to include more herders. It pledged a number of initiatives to boost the economic sustainability of the herders’ traditional livelihoods, including developing a local market and supply chain for animal products, building a slaughterhouse, and introducing a fodder planting program.

They will also work to improve health services for herders and set up a scholarship program to help children explore alternative livelihoods.

Significantly, a participatory monitoring program will be designed in consultation with the herders that will include training and employment for many of them.

While the final agreement represents a “historic” victory for the herders, their supporters stressed that ongoing support will be needed to ensure it is properly implemented.

“It is critical [the herders] still have this Tripartite Council and that the CAO is engaged,” Daniel said.

Critics of the CAO say it lacks teeth to enforce the agreements it helps to mediate, which are voluntary. But it will at least monitor the implementation of the agreement for 12 months, and close the case if progress is satisfactory.

Oyu Tolgoi told Devex in an email that it is “fully committed to implement agreed actions under the agreements.”

‘Healthy respect’ for the CAO process

The ombudsman has often struggled to hold the IFC itself to account. The World Bank’s private sector arm dismissed the CAO’s most recent audit report, which criticized it for inadequate monitoring of investments in financial intermediaries, with officers describing the report as “misleading and inaccurate.”

“A project of this size will always have issues … it’s the nature of the business. We don’t want anyone to be adversely affected but we would be naive to think you can build a project of this scale and not have issues.”
— Neil Pereira, principal investment officer at IFC for the Oyu Tolgoi project
But IFC’s Pereira said he has a “healthy respect” for the CAO process, and that the outcome of the herders’ case demonstrates it is fulfilling its function as a “check and balance” on the IFC and MIGA. He added that the IFC had been “fully involved and supportive” of the process.

“A lot of good has come out of this process, we’ve been able to interact with people and understand their specific issues and I think for the most part their issues have been addressed … That’s what [the] IFC wants,” he said.

Pereira also explained that while the IFC’s board knew about the pending CAO case when it voted to approve financing for the mine in 2013, the clear potential upsides and the Mongolian government’s strong support for the project meant it went ahead.

IFC estimates that more than 18,000 jobs either have been or will be created by the mine, with about 90 percent going to local staff. In addition, the project contributed more than $1 billion in taxes and other payments to the government between 2010 and 2015, and local spending associated with the mine was about $4 billion at the end of 2015, according to IFC data.

For Pereira, the IFC’s involvement presented an opportunity to set a good standard for mining projects in Mongolia, which only relatively recently entered the market economy system, and help ensure that future activities were carried out in an “appropriate manner.”

“A project of this size will always have issues … it’s the nature of the business,” he said. “We don’t want anyone to be adversely affected but we would be naive to think you can build a project of this scale and not have issues.”

“While we do our best to mitigate this, when problems do come up we try and address them, and the CAO can help us [do this],” he added.

Pereira described Rio Tinto as a “very good partner and we’ve been very happy with their involvement.” He is confident that the company is “committed to doing the right thing” by the herders. Devex contacted Rio Tinto for comment but had not received a response at the time of publication.

Transparent communication and the value of involving communities throughout the design, implementation, monitoring and maintenance phases of a mining project emerged as recurring themes throughout the dispute resolution process, according to Daniel. In fact, the case might never been brought forward if communication between the company and the herders had been better from the start, she said.

“Often, issues are so frightening for herders because they are still not really seeing the type of regular updates, or information disclosure you would want to see … They [Oyu Tolgoi] could have done that to begin with — so there is still [a] lot that could be done on the front end to avoid the need for these [formal complaints] in the first place,” she said.

IFC appears to have taken this lesson on board, as well as the need to pay special attention to water use by mining companies. Motivated by the Mongolia case, it brokered a voluntary code of practice on water management with eight mining companies in 2016, which calls for signatories to be more transparent, to develop participatory monitoring programs for communities living close to mining sites and to measure and monitor water resources.

The parties “have come a long way in building trust with each other” since the first complaint was lodged in 2012, Daniel said. Now, Oyu Tolgoi will “need to maintain that trust and implement the agreements well to truly resolve the dispute.”

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Kincora closes $4.52m in new equity raise for Tier 1 copper porphyry targets www.kincoracopper.com

Vancouver, BC— August 8th, 2017
Kincora Copper Ltd. (the “Company”, “Kincora”) (TSXV:KCC) is pleased to announce that it has closed the previously announced non-brokered private placement for gross proceeds of $4,524,687 through the issuance of 13,711,174 Units at a price of C$0.33 per Unit. Each Unit is comprised of one common share (the “Shares”) and one-half of a share purchase warrant with each whole warrant (the “Warrants”) entitling the holder to acquire a further Share at C$0.445 for a period of two years. The private placement is subject to final TSX-V approval.
Proceeds from the offering will accelerate Kincora’s exploration and expansion strategy. In 2016, Kincora surpassed Rio Tinto, and related entities, to become the dominant landholder along the Devonian copper-gold belt (100% ownership of 1437 km2). Kincora will shortly initiate an extensive two-phase drill program at the East Tsagaan Suvarga and Bayan Tal targets for up to
16,000 metres (up to 8,000 metres at both targets), while advancing its district scale multitarget, multi-stage pipeline up the value curve.
All Units issued are subject to a four-month hold period expiring four months and one day from the date of issuance.
Sam Spring, President & CEO, commented: “We are encouraged by the support received from new and existing investors despite a challenging market for junior explorers, with many new groups having undertaken detailed due diligence providing validation of our exciting dual exploration and expansion strategy.
This is testament to the quality of Kincora’s targets and the strategic value of our dominant position in this highly mineralized but vastly underexplored Devonian belt, which we are shortly looking to drill test for the first time by any explorer since 2012. This new equity will significantly strengthen Kincora's ability to test a number of Tier 1 copper porphyry targets while enabling the Company to further enhance its holdings on the belt.
The copper price remains favourable, with prices increasing 50% since we secured the IBEX transaction, and with multiple value add work streams now funded we plan to shortly
increase awareness for what is effectively a new copper junior to the wider public markets.”
800–1199 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC V6E 3T5 Phone +1 604 283 1722 Fax +1 888 241 5996

Further details are provided in an updated presentation on the Kincora website:
http://kincoracopper.com/investors/corporate-presentation
The Company paid finder’s fees of $120,613 and issued 365,493 broker warrants in connection with the offering. Each broker warrant entitles the holder to acquire a further Share at C$0.445 for a period of one year.
Post the aforementioned offering Kincora has 64,445,068 issued shares with a total of 10,168,579 warrants outstanding.

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MCAA first deputy-director meets DPRK delegation www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ B.Altantsom, First Deputy-Director of the Mongolian Civil Aviation Authority (MCAA), received Wednesday a delegation headed by Mr Ri Yong Son, Vice Head of the Civil Aviation Authority of North Korea, who is participating in the 54th DGCA Conference in Ulaanbaatar.

At the meeting, the North Korean side expressed its willingness to upgrade the 1978 bilateral aviation agreement, to train aviation staffs and experts in Mongolia and to receive technical assistance. Mr Ri Yong Son also said his country aspires to learn a possibility to open a direct flight between Pyongyang and Ulaanbaatar.

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Mongolian academy of sciences to cooperate with Irkutsk State Technical University www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Mongolian Academy of Sciences established an agreement with Irkutsk State Technical University to cooperate in the science, education and innovation spheres on August 7.

The agreement was signed by D.Regdel, President of MAS, and M.V.Kornyakov, Rector of ISTU.

The sides will be strengthening creative cooperation between Mongolia and Russia, as well as contribute to science and technology development.

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