1 MONGOLIA-CHINA AGREE TO COLLABORATE IN INCREASING MEAT EXPORT WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      2 U.S. AND MONGOLIA SEEK TO STRENGTHEN ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP WWW.STRTRADE.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      3 MONGOLIA, U.S. LEADERS DISCUSS BILATERAL TIES WWW.XINHUANET.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      4 BELT AND ROAD SIGNIFICANT TO MONGOLIA, PEOPLE AROUND WORLD -- ACADEMIC WWW.ENG.YIDAIYILU.GOV.CN PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      5 PETRO MATAD UPDATES MONGOLIA EXPLORATION WWW.OGJ.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      6 RIO TINTO’S EXIT FROM COAL PAYS OFF, TO RETURN $3.2B FROM SALES PROCEEDS TO SHAREHOLDERS WWW.MINING.COM PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      7 OPENING CEREMONY OF SAINSHAND SALKHIN PARK HELD WWW.MONTSAME.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      8 ALIBABA’S MA SAYS TRUMP’S TRADE WAR ‘DESTROYED’ HIS PROMISE TO CREATE JOBS FOR 1MN AMERICANS WWW.RT.COM  PUBLISHED:2018/09/21      9 LEGAL DISPUTE OVER EMC OWNERSHIP COMES TO AN END WWW.ZGM.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      10 ERDENES TAVAN TOLGOI REVENUE SURGES DUE TO HIGHER COAL PRICES WWW.NEWS.MN PUBLISHED:2018/09/20      НУРАХ ДӨХСӨН БАЙРУУДЫГ ШИНЭЧЛЭХ КОМПАНИ ОЛДОХГҮЙ БАЙНА WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     МОНГОЛ УЛС ВАШИНГТОН, ПЁНЬЯНЫ ХЭЛЭЛЦЭЭРТ ЗУУЧЛАХАД БЭЛЭН ГЭДГЭЭ ЗАРЛАЛАА WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     УЛСЫН ХЭМЖЭЭНД 85.3 МЯНГАН ТОНН ТӨМС ХУРААН АВААД БАЙНА WWW.MONTSAME.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     ЗГ: БУЦАЛТГҮЙ ТУСЛАМЖИЙГ УСНЫ НӨӨЦИЙГ САЙЖРУУЛАХ, ХЭРЭГЛЭСЭН УСЫГ БУЦААН АШИГЛАХАД ЗАРЦУУЛНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     ҮСХ: УЛААНБААТАРТ АЖИЛЛАГЧДЫН САРЫН ДУНДАЖ ЦАЛИН УЛСЫН ДУНДЖААС 121.7 МЯНГАН ТӨГРӨГӨӨР ИХ БАЙНА WWW.BLOOMBERGTV.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ИХ ХУРАЛ, ЕВРОПЫН ПАРЛАМЕНТ ХООРОНДЫН XII УУЛЗАЛТААР ХАМТАРСАН МЭДЭГДЭЛ ГАРГАЛАА WWW.DNN.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     ТӨРИЙН АЛБАНЫ УДИРДАХ АЖИЛТНЫ УЛСЫН ЗӨВЛӨГӨӨН БОЛЖ БАЙНА WWW.UNUUDUR.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     2019 ОНЫГ МОНГОЛ, АМЕРИКИЙН ЗАЛУУЧУУДЫН ЖИЛ БОЛГОНО WWW.EAGLE.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/21     УУРХАЙЧДЫН АЖЛЫН БАЙР НЭМЭГДЭЖ, ЦАЛИН ӨСЧ БАЙНА WWW.GOGO.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/20     “ЭРДЭНЭТ”-ИЙН 49 ХУВИЙН ӨМЧЛӨЛ ТОЙРСОН ХУУЛЬ ЗҮЙН МАРГААН ЭЦЭС БОЛЛОО WWW.ZGM.MN НИЙТЭЛСЭН:2018/09/20    

Events

Name organizer Where
Frontier's "Invest Mongolia Tokyo 2018" Frontier Securities Tokyo Japan
"Open to Export" ICC WTO International business award ICC WTO London

NEWS

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Mongolia's tourism revenue increases by 20 percent www.news.mn

The Government of Mongolia aims to attract one million tourists by 2020 and increasing revenue from the sector to USD 1 billion. For this propose, Mongolia needs to increase the number of tourists by 30 percent per year for three years.

Last year, Mongolia received over 470 thousand tourists in 2017 - an increase of 14 percent on the previous year. The revenue from the tourism sector reached USD 400 million in 2017; which was 20 percent more than the previous year.

An astounding 60.7% of tourists are interested in learning about the lifestyle of the native habitants, 42.2% are interested in nomadic lifestyle and culture, 12.1% are keen to experience great adventures in Mongolia, particularly horse riding and, cycling, and 11.3% of incoming tourists want to know more about Mongolia's rich history.

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Water levels of major Mongolian rivers exceed alarm line www.xinhuanet.com

ULAN BATOR, July 16 (Xinhua) -- Mongolia's weather monitoring agency announced Monday a significant rise in the water levels of all major rivers, urging citizens living nearby to take extra precautions.

"The water levels in major rivers, including Khovd, Buyant, Onon, Kherlen, Selenge and Kharkhiraa have exceeded the warning levels by 20-65 centimeters due to heavy downpours since last weekend," according to a statement by Mongolia's National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring.

The agency warned residents living along the rivers to take all necessary precautions.

Meteorologists forecast that the rain won't stop until this weekend.

Until the recent pouring rain, almost half of all the country's territory had experienced one of the worst droughts in history, especially the provinces covered by the gobi desert.

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China sets record daily steel output for third month in a row www.reuters.com

BEIJING (Reuters) - China’s steel mills churned out record amounts of the construction material in June as producers rushed to cash in on hefty margins, even as a trade spat between Beijing and Washington intensified.

China, which accounts for half the world’s capacity, produced 80.2 million tonnes of crude steel last month, National Bureau of Statistics data showed on Friday. That’s just shy of the 81.6 million tonnes the United States produced in the whole of 2017, according to World Steel Association data.

June output was below May’s record 81.13 million tonnes, but June has one less day, setting a new daily average production record for a third month in a row at 2.67 million tonnes, according to Reuters’ calculations.

“Steel mills were dashing to reap as much of the bumper profits as they could despite environmental checks,” said Richard Lu, analyst at CRU in Beijing.

The data may further inflame a bitter Sino-U.S. trade row. The United States and Europe have accused China of exporting its surplus metal cheap, hurting international rivals.

China’s steel exports rose last month to 6.94 million tonnes, their highest since July 2017, even after Washington imposed import duties to protect U.S. industries.

The production increase also comes as China has shuttered some mills to help curb choking pollution and ramped up environmental inspections, suggesting that newer mills have ramped up operations to cash in on fat margins.

China’s steel output in the first half rose 6 percent to 451.2 million tonnes.

BUMPER MARGINS
Steel prices SRBcv1 have soared over the past year due to firm demand and on concerns about tightening supplies of metal, used in construction and automotives, as Beijing seeks to close inefficient mills and clamps down on smoke-stack industries to clean the nation’s skies.

Lu estimated that mills were earning a profit margin of about 800 yuan ($119.50) per tonne of steel, while analysts at Huatai Futures put profit margins for mills in northern China at over 1,000 yuan a tonne, one of the highest on record.

Monthly utilization rates at mills reached 71.6 percent in June, the highest since October before winter production curbs had taken effect, according to Reuters calculation based on data from Mysteel consultancy.

Analysts say it’s not clear if China will continue its record-setting run.

Some particularly smoggy cities and provinces are also implementing ad hoc measures to beat bouts of pollution. Last week, top steelmaking city Tangshan ordered mills to cut production for 6 weeks over summer.

“Steel output may not necessarily go down even though stricter restrictions are on the way,” said Lu. “Steel mills in Xuzhou city could reopen soon, which will to some extent offset the production curbs in Tangshan.”

Producers are also racing to make as much metal as possible before a new round of production curbs are imposed in November ahead of China’s winter, when pollution is at its worst.

Last winter, government forced mills and heavy industry in 28 of the most polluted northern cities to shut up to half of their capacity between November and March. More are expected to adopt similar curbs this winter.

Reporting by Muyu Xu and Josephine Mason; editing by Richard Pullin

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Russian Retailers, Hotels Emerge as World Cup Winners www.themoscowtimes.com

The World Cup has captivated host Russia for a month, proving a boon for the brewing and hotel industries while dampening spending on some expensive items and curbing trading on financial markets.

As well as the usual staples of the football fan — beer and snacks — the tournament also spurred domestic demand for loans for electronic appliances, primarily TV sets and smartphones.

Meanwhile, Russian car dealers will probably welcome the end of the party on Sunday after sales slowed last month.

Economists have played down the direct economic impact from the World Cup, predicting it would be marginal and unevenly spread.

That tends to fit the pattern of other countries that have hosted major sports events — a brief bounce but not enough to make a lasting impact on an economy.

The tournament, which kicked off on June 14 and ends when France play Croatia in Sunday's final, attracted more than 700,000 foreign fans to Russia, who packed the streets of the 11 host cities together with locals.

Moscow saw a 60-percent increase in foreign tourists, bringing the overall number of visitors to the Russian capital during the World Cup to 3 million people, said Nikolai Gulyaev, head of Moscow's sport and tourism department, said.

Booking.com warned 74 percent of properties in St. Petersburg and Moscow have been booked for the World Cup final weekend. Booking.com's website gave no such warning on availability for next weekend.

In the stadiums, Russian fans were the main spenders, having laid out $12 million over the first four weeks of the tournament, Visa said on Friday.

"Sales of beer, non-alcoholic beverages and snacks have visibly increased in the first two weeks of the World Cup," said the Perekrestok supermarket chain, part of Russia's largest retailer X5 Retail Group.

In host cities, some of which have never seen so many tourists, fans swarmed to cafes and bars, draining beer supplies to alarmingly low levels.

Planes and Screens
Kviku, an online retail lending company, said the number of its customers rose more than a quarter over the past month as people took out loans to buy flights to World Cup host cities.

It also saw increased demand for loans for devices on which to watch matches, Kviku added.

Sales of TV sets and smartphones had already posted a 20 percent increase in May-June compared with a year ago, Russia's leading electrical goods retailer M.Video-Eldorado said.

"Football is such a desire for most active fans that it prompts them to go for extra borrowing," said Nikita Lomakin, the CEO of Kviku.

Purchases of World Cup-related merchandise also picked up after Russia's surprising progress to the last eight of the tournament, according to Russia's leading classified ads platform Avito.

Some Russians appear to have opted to stay at home to watch the matches on television rather than take a holiday.

The number of Russians who had no summer travel plans this year rose to 23 percent from 7 percent seen in 2016, a survey by Russia's research centre Romir showed.

Competing for Attention
Other businesses in Russia were less excited about the tournament. New car sales growth slowed in June to 11 percent from 18 percent a month earlier, with analysts blaming the World Cup as the factor that distracted buyers.

Indeed, some measures announced while Russians were caught up in the World Cup excitement, such as increases in sales tax and the retirement age could have a more enduring effect on the economy.

While retailers and hoteliers tot up the takings from the month, it will take time to study the overall World Cup effect after it filters into official data.

"This is the question of no less than one year or maybe more," said Shlomo Weber, rector of the prominent New Economic School.

On the financial markets, activity fell on all sections of the Moscow Exchange apart from the bond platform as traders turned their focus to live action.

And even though its economic benefits are debateable, the World Cup certainly lifted spirits.

"The World Cup is a good thing but not always for trade, more for the mood," the exchange's CEO Alexander Afanasyev said.

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Biography of Tavan Tolgoi residual coal deposits www.zgm.mn

OPINION: by Baabar

I published an article ”Tavan Tolgoi” in the “Daily News” newspaper dated July 21, 2007. This is not to retell the story, nor boasting about how “I told you so”. It has been exactly six years since then. Regretful six years. If we estimate only the coking coal, which is the highest-value part of Tavan Tolgoi deposits (TT), to be transported 20 million tonnes annually by rail, there is a 100 years of reserve. Geologists say extended explorations may double this figure. Furthermore, there is a high calorie coal reserves, currently estimated at 6 billion tonnes or enough to mine for 300 years. Overall, the TT contains 7.6 billion tons of coal reserve, according to Joint Ore Reserves Committee, an international evaluation system. In addition, South Gobi and Nariin Sukhait deposits each contain 400 million tons of reserve or enough to last 40 years to transport. Also, such high grade, large coal deposits have been discovered in Khovsgol and Khovd aimags. We do not know what else is there. Coal price was fairly good in 2007. Since the 1970’s, offers were made to Germany, Japan, North Korea and since the 1990’s, China, South Korean Samsung and Australian BHP were offered to use these reserves; however, they all refused. But when coal price started picking up since 2005, some companies from the U.S, China, Japan, Russia, Indonesia, Thailand, Australia, Chile, India and Brazil started showing interest and sent their proposals. Couple of years ago, a coal shortage occurred when coal mines of Hunter Valley of Australia, one of the largest coal mines of the world, were hit by a flood and coal price skyrocketed. Largest users of the coking coal are Japan, South Korea and China. Majority of coal expenses are in its transportation costs. Landlocked Mongolia have inadequacies in this aspect; however, Bugat, the area with the world’s largest iron production is not far from Mongolian border. Therefore, Mongolia has the advantage to cover its weaknesses. Naturally, Indonesia, the U.S and Brazil would not attempt to transport Mongolian coal to their lands. They just want to do business with Mongolia given the condition where the user is near. Japan and South Korea show interest in TT because they are highly dependent from Australian coal; thus, face risks of flood and other disasters, and wanted to reduce this import risk by creating a small dependence from Mongolia. Otherwise, coal is one of the most common minerals in the world. China, who is interested in Mongolian coal, is itself one of the largest coal producers in the world.

Chinese mine coking coal from the south of the country and ship it by sea to Tianjin and transport it via rail to Bugat. By mid-2012, coal price fell by 50 percent within just a couple of months. The deterioration of EU crisis led to a slowdown for Chinese economy. On the other hand, a new technology that can use alternative energy sources except oil and coal has been developed and began to be utilized. Chinese actively began adopting this technology of collecting combustible gases called methane gas which was developed in the U.S. Shale became the next trend. A couple of years ago when the former U.S President Bush stated “we invented a new alternative energy technology. The world will no longer depend on the Middle East soon,” he meant this shale technology. In the next few years, the U.S and Mexico will reportedly become the key energy producers in the world with shale. North China also have huge shale reserves and began utilizing it. Revolutionary changes have occurred in the renewable energy technology. A single windmill can generate 10 Megawatt power, they say. Such as this, coal is turning into ash. I said “coal will be ash” 6-7 years ago, not because I am a fortune-teller. Coal was never a valuable or expensive mineral. Because it is abundant. The dream of moving TT began in the 1970’s. Every economists knew that skyrocketed price of coal in 2007 was a temporary phenomenon. Therefore, I said something like “Tavan Tolgoi (Five Hills) coal will turn into ash if five hundred heads argue for five years,” in a bit of a rhyme. During this five year period, three government was formed and they all did nothing. They passed a law on strategic deposits and nationalized TT. According to a mapping of Tavan Tolgoi deposits made in 1970, a deposit named “Ukhaa Khudag” was given for use of a Mongolian company.

This almost led to civil war. Construction of a railroad south of the South Gobi province became a taboo. It seemed like all Mongolians owned the TT. It looked like the shares of TT was going to be distributed equally to the public. It looked as if the shares of TT was going to be sold for national companies at a discounted price. Then, a daunting investment law of 2012 banned foreigners from investing. Maybe, only achievement of this past five year was the birth of so many so-called fair citizens defending the wealth of their motherland and beating their chest! Russia, which had forgotten Mongolia, suddenly remembered us because of TT. They initially proposed to own shares worth USD 1.5 billion and repay by building a railroad. The plan was then altered to transport coal to Pacific ocean from 5 thousand km distance stretching through East Siberia and Far East. Then, it seemed as if they will be the only ones to build and own all railways in Mongolia in the future and that railway will have Soviet standard gauge. Then, they demanded majority stake of the TT shares. Actually, they were stirring up things with an ulterior motive to prevent any large minerals production in Mongolia and if that were to happen, no other countries except China and Russia were able to participate in it. Apart from that, they do not have any need for coal.

China actually had an interest to get coal from a neighboring country. Therefore, a Chinese state-owned enterprise (SOE) Shenhua competed in TT. However, they also did not like any involvement of a third country, causing as much trouble as possible for the US, Japan and South Korea. They were plotting to own the most of the shares of the TT. Japan and South Korea both wanted about 10 percent of the TT as they wanted to reduce their dependence from import and get certain supply from Mongolia even if the price was high. Because the Australian flood was a big lesson for them. The parties representing these countries are also SOEs. However, they have no mining experience and were just interested in its stake and did not plan on involving in mining and transportations. The U.S Peabody is not state owned, it is a stock-exchange listed, public shareholding company. It is the largest coal producer of the U.S and have over 130 years of experience in the field. They worked several years in the Chinese market with ever growing demand and gained some success. They mainly work with Chinese coal companies in Yunnan and Hunan, South Chinese provinces. They also acquired a deposit in Xinjiang. They are interested in working in the market of North China and seek new market. Government negotiated with all interested companies through the Chief of Cabinet Secretariat for three years. There were several cases where foreign company representatives were invited from abroad and then refused to see them, saying “no time, let us meet next time”. There is a say “those who ask bows and those who give sits”. The Parliament issued several resolutions and outlined that the interest of third countries should equal the two neighbors. However, Russia and China did not agree to this. Only Mongolians can think of a stupid idea to distribute TT equally among the public. TT is valuable because of its gigantic size. There are many deposits in Mongolia that equal one tenth of TT. Once you divide this huge residual deposits into ten parts, everything is reduced and will lose its meaning. Nobody will be interested in this divided strips. When nobody is interested, it is beneficial for the two neighbors. It is not like the world is missing out on Mongolian coal. During this period, a reason for Mongolian side, who was negotiating with international companies, to delay the TT negotiations emerged. Ivanhoe Mines Ltd was planning to use a deposit named South Gobi, which is south of TT. This company raised USD 500 million from the stock market. Not exactly raising. They loaned USD 500 million from China Investment Corporation under a share transferring condition and SouthGobi collected it at the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. This way, their following works were accomplished very successfully. They obtained the mining license and permit to operate a mine. Other foreign investors were surprised at how Ivanhoe was succeeding in this country with much bureaucracy and tried to find the reason. Suddenly, they gained additional seven licenses without much of a hassle. Mongolian red tape fell apart before them. Soon, their stock value reached USD 4 billion. Such a valuable business. Ivanhoe Mines is a junior company that owns major stakes of the Oyu Tolgoi. They were not in a level to run this big scale operations. Rio Tinto was interested in buying their shares. Therefore, they sold SouthGobi along with Oyu Tolgoi shares. The deposit was valued at USD 4 billion at stock exchanges. They acquired it when it was expensive and tried to sell the rest to Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (Chalco). Actually, Rio Tinto lost so much from this deal. The value of SouthGobi which was raised in an instant, immediately fell by 10 percent after Rio Tinto’s acquisition. Illegally obtained licenses were confiscated and officials involved were arrested and put in jail. Ivanhoe intentionally inflated its share price and deceived Rio Tinto into buying it. The obstacle for SouthGobi to boost its share price in the stock market was TT.

Because if TT was taken by someone after enlisting, it will obstruct the growth of SouthGobi. Consequently, it may not even able to issue an IPO after TT. Therefore, they had to delay the development of TT as much as possible. Our people who participated in this operation, either knowingly or unknowingly, received their appropriate awards. I heard detail about this; however, no evidence has been found so far. So, let me not disclose it. It was an operation worth USD 50 million!. Actually, Mongolian side had no interest in moving the TT project. Because of personal gains. There were cases that Japanese and Korean sides were pressured to buy nine licenses owned by individuals for high prices if they want to be included in TT! Revenues earned from Mongolian coal sector began to exceed all other sectors. Even Erdenet Mining Corporation did not compare! Nouveau riche tends to show off their wealth lavishly. “To hell with foreigners! Down with the Imperialists! Let us kill the economic hitmen! It is enough to just shovel the coal and toss it beyond the Great Wall,” they said. Then they began to shovel and toss them across for real. “You see? There is no need for any infrastructure! Mongolians can run the TT,” they said. An SOE “Erdenes” was established. Everybody knows the outcome of that one. The Government, in order to “love” the people and distribute cash, always pressured and demanded Erdenes. They borrowed USD 350 million from Chalco and agreed to export coal until 2018. Took the money, distributed it, everybody got drunk and we ended up in debt. They needed to distribute again to win the next election and begged for another USD 200 million loan. Small-time swindlers began to sell trash to TT. Well, the businesses of SOEs are like that. It was only natural. Coal became ash! The situation before 2007 is back. Private coal companies were shut down. The old woman from the Golden fish folktale remains with her cracked pot, according to the tale. The debt amount borrowed from Chalco to distribute among the public is almost USD 300 million. Compared to this, the 70-year debt from former Soviet Union was repaid back in USD 250 million dollars. After getting rich by selling coal, there were boasts about developing other sectors and producing Mongolian brands. There are many things in the world that are more important than money. However, those are made possible by money. In order to develop other sectors, the “other sectors” must be founded first and that requires money. Mongolian brand coal has turned into ash. Felt slippers can never be a global brand. Our bad reputation became our brand in the end. 2013.5.11

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Nagoya Basho loses last of three yokozunas www.montsame.mn

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Nagoya Grand Sumo Tournament will continue without a yokozuna (grand champion). On July 13, Yokozuna Kakuryu submitted a request to drop out of the Nagoya Grand Sumo Tournament due to elbow injury, joining the other two grand champions.

Fellow yokozuna Hakuho also withdrew from the fourth day after injuring his right knee. The 72nd yokozuna Kisenosato decided before the tournament started not to compete, making this the record worst eighth straight tournament that he will not have completed as a grand champion.

This will be the first time since the Spring Grand Sumo Tournament in 1999 that all three yokozunas have not been around for the end of a tournament.

B.Misheel

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China's GDP hits 6.7% in Q2 of 2018 www.chinadaily.com.cn

China's GDP expanded 6.7 percent in the second quarter of 2018, the National Bureau of Statistics said on Monday.

China's GDP rose 6.8 percent year-on-year in the first half of 2018.

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US-China trade war dims bright future for semiconductors www.asia.nikkei.com

PALO ALTO, U.S. -- Even as new technologies offer the promise of an unparalleled stretch of growth in the global semiconductor industry, top executives fear the sector will be used as a chip in the U.S.-China trade war.

Global shipments of semiconductor equipment are forecast to grow 10.8% this year and 7.7% in 2019, according to a report released Tuesday by SEMI, an association serving the manufacturing supply chain for the electronics industry.

The forecast comes during this year's Semicon West trade fair in San Francisco. The three-day show devoted to semiconductor manufacturing equipment ended Thursday.

Other statistics suggest the value of global chip sales will increase 12.4% in 2018 and 4.4% next year, creating four straight years of growth. The market last enjoyed such a stretch with six years of growth that began in 2002.

Machines now generate more data than people do, a shift that heralds huge changes in the semiconductor industry, said Gary Dickerson, CEO of U.S. company Applied Materials, the world's largest maker of semiconductor manufacturing equipment.

The advent of technologies supporting the "internet of things" and the broader adoption of artificial intelligence portend hefty growth in semiconductors, particularly to meet the needs of data centers.

Equipment manufacturers like Applied Materials, ASML of the Netherlands and Japan's Tokyo Electron have been a great benefit to the parts makers that supply components for their equipment.

J&J Machine, a U.S. manufacturer of precision parts, has been very busy over the past year with many outstanding orders, operations manager Tim Frank said at the trade fair.

But the celebratory tone at Semicon West is tempered by worries about the trade friction and tariffs between the U.S. and China.

Even a company like Nanotronics, an American producer of optical inspection equipment, senses the danger. The company manufactures inside the U.S., so it avoids immediate impact. But Nanotronics also has Chinese customers, and CEO Matthew Putman hopes that demand will not cool.

Share prices have plunged by more than 20% for both Applied Materials and Lam Research, an American designer and producer of semiconductor equipment, since the U.S.-China trade battle intensified in mid-March.

A 25% added tariff on goods imported from China creates a $20 million to $30 million hit to the semiconductor supply chain, mainly due to higher procurement costs for parts like bearings and cylinders, SEMI said.

The tariffs might be extended to memory chips, which would inflate the damage beyond $500 million, said Jay Chittooran, a public policy manager at SEMI.

The industry's biggest fear is that President Donald Trump's administration might restrict exports of semiconductors and chip manufacturing equipment to China, said Robert Maire, president of consulting company Semiconductor Advisors.

U.S. producers hold a 60% share of the global market for semiconductor manufacturing equipment. And with chipmakers establishing fabrication bases in China, that country is poised to become the largest market for such equipment outside of South Korea come 2019.

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Rights groups urge better treatment for Mongolia child jockeys www.reuters.com

ULAANBAATAR (Reuters) - At the opening of Mongolia’s traditional Naadam festival, red-cheeked child jockeys in brightly colored outfits and helmets raced over the muddy steppe in a 24-km (15-mile) endurance race, excitedly whipping their mounts.

Child jockeys ride their horses to the finish line during a horse race at the Mongolian traditional Naadam festival, on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia July 12, 2018.

But the practice also faces criticism for putting children at risk and international organizations called for an end to what they say is the “exploitation” of vulnerable children, many of whom miss school to prepare for races, and work long hours for low wages at large stables.

The minimum age for a jockey is just seven, though authorities have struggled to enforce that.

Last year, as many as 10,435 children participated in 394 races nationwide, official figures show. More than 600 were thrown from their horses, 169 were injured and two were killed, the figures show.

Some children as young as five have been hurt in contests in previous years, Mongolia’s National Traumatology and Orthopaedics Research Centre says.

“Studies show that horse racing violates the right of children to survive, be educated and be protected,” said Tsolmon Enkhbat, program coordinator with Save the Children in Mongolia.

“There is no legal regulation to determine and punish perpetrators in the case of a child fatality,” she said.

Organizers of the Naadam festival said they were introducing new safety standards and registration methods.

Mongolia’s Authority for Family, Child, and Youth Development - responsible for child jockey safety - launched a fingerprinting registration system this year to improve regulation and enforce age restrictions.

“With public awareness rising on issues of child safety, of course child protection gets better,” says Enkhbaatar Altangerel, an official with the authority.

This is not about prohibition. This is about better regulation and better protection,” he said.

Though regulators plan to raise the minimum age for a jockey to nine years old, Tsolmon of Save the Children said Mongolia should impose strict limits on racing and that should include banning child racing in winter and spring, when conditions are most dangerous.

“We are against involving children in commercial racing. It is child labor exploitation,” she said.

During the endurance race on Wednesday, nine out of 338 child jockeys were involved in falls and two suffered injuries. Despite the concerns, many riders and their parents think the risk is worth taking.

“I like to race,” said 11-year old Usukhbayar Otgonbayar ahead of the race. “This time I will win.”

Reporting by Munkhchimeg Davaasharav: Editing by David Stanway, Karishma Singh and Neil Fullick

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TPP chief negotiators to meet in Japan www.nhk.or.jp

Chief negotiators from the 11 countries that signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade agreement will hold talks in Japan this week.

The officials will gather on Wednesday and Thursday in Hakone, west of Tokyo.

It will be the first such meeting since they signed the free trade pact in March.

The TPP deal will go into force 60 days after at least 6 of the 11 countries ratify the agreement.

Mexico and Japan have completed procedures required to ratify the trade deal. It will come into force with 4 more countries ratifying.

Japan wants to discuss how preliminary talks should be handled with countries that hope to join the pact.

Thailand, Colombia and Britain have expressed interest in joining.

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